English Test for SBI PO Prelims 2020 Exam set – 9

Directions(1-5): Read the following sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number corresponding to that part will be your answer. If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark the answer as ‘No error’. Ignore the errors of punctuation if any.

  1. Patients who often complain (1)/ against minor ailments (2)/ might have something more (3)/ important on their minds. (4)
    1
    2
    3
    4
    No Error
    Option B
    The error is in the second part of the sentence. ‘Against’ should be replaced by ‘of’. ‘Complain of’ is the correct usage. The word ‘complain’ is always targeted at something or someone. It is also a ‘negative impact’ verb. There is no need to double negate it with a word like ‘against’. Note that the verb ‘ complain’ doesn’t collocate with the preposition ‘against’, but the noun ‘complaint’ does.

     

  2. The analysing methods (1)/ and the information source (2)/ is as important as the actual results, (3)/ making one inexorably tied to the other. (4)
    1
    2
    3
    4
    No Error
    Option C
    Sentence subjects that have independent nouns connected by ‘and’ are plural, thus require plural verbs. To emphasise this, we can use ‘both are’ instead of ‘is’ to make the sentence grammatically correct justifying the use of the conjunction ‘and’ used to join independent plural subjects ‘analysing methods’ and ‘information source’ also delivering the correct meaning of the sentence

     

  3. India’s election to the (1)/ Security Council is a “testament” (2)/ to the Prime Minister’s vision, (3)/ and their inspiring global leadership. (4)
    1
    2
    3
    4
    No Error
    Option D
    The error is in the fourth part of the sentence. Here the Prime Minister is a name of a post and it is a singular noun. So, in the fourth part of the sentence, we should use singular possessive pronoun “his” instead of plural possessive pronoun “their”.

     

  4. The administration has (1)/ no vested interest in proving (2)/ that public schools (3)/ were good or bad. (4)
    1
    2
    3
    4
    No error
    Option C
    The error is in the third part of the sentence. The correct pairing is “whether….or”. So, the use of “that” is incorrect in the third part of the sentence and must be replaced by “whether”.

     

  5. World Music is now (1)/ well established and (2)/ popular among mass audiences (3)/ and mainstream companies. (4)
    1
    2
    3
    4
    No Error
    Option C
    The error is in the third part of the sentence. ‘Among’ should be replaced by ‘with’. Note that, “popular with” is usually used for people, e.g. “Popular with the girls”, “Popular with the working class” whereas “popular among” is usually used with ideas among people, e.g. “The new policy is not going to be popular among the members of the party”.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): In the given questions, one statement with a blank is given along with four words. Two of the given words can fit into the given blank. Five options with various combinations of these words are given. Pick up the combination of the words that fits into the blank.

  7. Interpersonal skills are crucial since it is largely through the medium of interpersonal communication that the _________ process is conducted.
    a) Declination
    b) Interview
    c) Assessment
    d) Recruitment
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option C
    Declination means angular distance north or south from the celestial equator measured along a great circle passing through the celestial poles.
    Interview means a meeting of people face to face, especially for consultation.
    Assessment means the action of assessing someone or something.
    Recruitment means the action of finding new people to join an organization or support a cause.

     

  8. The crucial question for evolutionary biology is where the balance is _________ between signalling real information about your state and signalling misinformation.
    a) Admirable
    b) Due
    c) Struck
    d) Achieved
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option D
    Admirable means deserving respect and approval.
    Due means (of a payment) required at a certain time.
    If you strike a balance between two things, you accept parts of both things in order to satisfy some of the demands of both sides in an argument, rather than all the demands of just one side Achieved means successfully bring about or reach (a desired objective or result) by effort, skill, or courage.
    Balance is said to due in financial matters, which is not the case here. The blank requires a noun, which admirable is not.

     

  9. She thought of her husband in some _________ warm clime on the other side of the globe, while she was here in the cold.
    a) Lovely
    b) Vague
    c) Healthy
    d) Wicked
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option A
    Lovely means very pleasant or enjoyable.
    Vague means of uncertain, indefinite or unclear character or meaning.
    Healthy means in a good physical or mental condition; in good health.
    Wicked means intended to or capable of harming someone or something.

     

  10. Children _________ go on for ever finding out information about dinosaurs and be no nearer satisfying this vague purpose.
    a) Have
    b) Could
    c) Cannot
    d) Been
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option B

     

  11. Isabel listened to the sound of Chalon’s _________ hoofbeats, finding a vague comfort in the monotony of the noise.
    a) Steady
    b) Wild
    c) Rapid
    d) Rhythmic
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option E
    Steady means regular, even, and continuous in development, frequency, or intensity.
    Wild means lacking discipline or restraint.
    Rapid means happening in a short time or at a great rate.
    Rhythmic means having or relating to rhythm.
    Monotony means sameness of pitch or tone in a sound.

     

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