English: Theme Detection Questions Set 3

Direction: In each questions below, a Theme has been given followed by three passage. You have to determine which passage is based on the given theme and mark it as your option. More than one passage can be based or not based on the given theme that is highlighted in bold.

  1. Gays are lethal for society.
    i. 28% of homosexual men had more than 1000 partners:  “Bell and Weinberg reported evidence of widespread sexual compulsion among homosexual men. 83% of the homosexual men surveyed estimated they had had sex with 50 or more partners in their lifetime, 43% estimated they had sex with 500 or more partners; 28% with 1,000 or more partners. Homosexuals are members of society; and their behavior, which is a manifestation of their “orientation,” is extremely dangerous
    ii. 2% of U.S. population is gay yet it accounts for 61% of HIV infection:  “Men who have sex with men [MSM] remain the group most heavily affected by new HIV infections. While the CDC estimates that MSM represent only 2 percent of the U.S. population, they accounted for the majority (61 percent; 29,300) of all new HIV infections in 2009. Young MSM (ages 13 to 29) were most severely affected, representing more than one quarter of all new HIV infections nationally (27 percent; 12,900 in 2009).
    iii. If we produce no children, our society will die.  There won’t be enough people to support the infrastructure, medical needs, economic development, etc.  That is a fact.  So, common sense would tell us that homosexuality is a danger to society since it cannot produce children to further the society.
    A) Only i
    B) Only ii
    C) Both i and iii
    D) All of these
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option C
    Explanation:
    Option ii does not concludes anything like i( their behavior, which is a manifestation of their “orientation,” is extremely dangerous ) and iii(common sense would tell us that homosexuality is a danger to society)
  2. Obesity is a disease.
    i. If you have type 2 diabetes, losing weight and becoming more physically active can help control your blood sugar levels. Becoming more active may also reduce your need for diabetes medication.
    ii. Obesity is defined as an independent risk factor of Cardiovascular Disease(CVD),defined as Coronary Heart disease(CHD),Myo Cardial Infraction(MI),Congestive Heart Failure(CHF) Hypertension,Atrial Fibrillation and stroke. The Framingham Heart study showed obesity to increase CVD by 1.46 times in males and 1.64 times in females. Also the risk of Hypertension was 2,21 times in male and 2.75 in females. a weight increase of just 14 kgs doubles the load on the heart.
    iii. Coronary heart disease occurs when plaque builds up in the walls of your arteries. The accumulation of plaque increases the risk of blood clots and narrows the flow of blood to the heart, which can result in a heart attack or stroke. People with a BMI above 30 are three times more likely to have coronary heart disease than those with a BMI less than 21, according to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute.
    A) Only ii
    B) Only iii
    C) All except ii
    D) None of these
    E) Both ii and iii
    View Answer
       Option A
    Explanation:
    Option i tells about weight loss but nothing about obesity or its demerits. Similarly option iii entails about blockage of arteries. Hence ambiguious.
  3. Suicide should be made legal.
    i.The assertion that people have a right to not only think about but to commit suicide has been made by many people who believe in individual freedom.  In his book Suicide in America, published in 1982, psychiatrist Herbert Hendin, M.D., says: “Partly as a response to the failure of suicide prevention, partly in reaction to commitment abuses, and perhaps mainly in the spirit of accepting anything that does not physically harm anyone else, we see suicide increasingly advocated as a fundamental human right.
    ii. There are many worse fates than death. The worst thing you can do to a man isn’t to kill him, its to keep him alive when he wants to die.
    iii. Trying and failing to engage in suicide is effectively illegal since one can be involuntary locked inside and effectively jailed inside of a hospital for trying. It should be illegal to lock adults up in hospitals who have not broken laws. So to answer the question I think that you meant to ask, yes, trying to engage in suicide should be effectively legal as long as it is not done publicly.
    A) Only i
    B) Both i and ii
    C) Both i and iii
    D) Only iii
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option C
    Explanation:
    Option ii is not clarifying anything about suicide.
  4. SBI merger: Boon or bane
    i. After merger, Indian Banks can manage their liquidity – short term as well as long term – position comfortably. Thus, they will not be compelled to resort to overnight borrowings in call money market and from RBI under Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) and Marginal Standing Facility (MSF).
    ii. Firstly, it will affect the seniority of top officials of Associate Banks; secondly, it will result in redeployment or loss of jobs of some workmen and closure of branches and finally, the banks might lose some of their regular customers,
    iii. the revenue will increase, but at what cost? What we need is not big, but strong, efficient and vibrant banks. Big banks also mean bigger risks. It will not open branches in rural or unbanked areas. Lots of rich people will become its customers, while small customers, who were loyal to some of these associate banks, will move to other banks post-merger. It will benefit only rich people
    A) Only i
    B) Only ii
    C) Only iii
    D) None of these
    E) All of these
    View Answer
       Option E
    Explanation:
    Option clearly indicates iit as a boon; option ii describes it a bane and option iii again considers it a bane.
  5. Celebrities earn too much money.
    i. I heard from ESPN that 78% of professional athletes file bankruptcy within the first seven years of their retirement due to living the high life, medical reasons, divorce, and paying bills for stuff that they don’t need. I don’t think actors and singers have this problem, because their careers are much longer.
    ii. salaries earned by all professionals including celebrities should be proportionate to the income they generate.
    iii. It is true that celebrities earn a lot of money, but that is their job and they have the ability to become celebrities. Not all the people can become celebrities, some of them came out from competitions. For instance in Singapore, there is this competition called star search and almost all the celebrities came out from there. In my opinion, i do not think that being a celebrity is a easy job, as sometimes they have to sacrifice their sleep to act or record for songs. They will also need to take care of their image when they are in public and watch their diet.
    A) Only i
    B) Both i and ii
    C) Only iii
    D) Both i and iii
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option D
    Explanation:
    Option i tells  that they live high life (to live high life one needs a high income); option ii is ambiguious; option iii Is clear that celebrities earn too much.
  6. Google vs Facebook
    i. Getting into Google/Facebook is the epitome of success for many. Because the brand value of these companies are so high in the minds of people. As do the people who work there.
    ii. Facebook was a dream company since the time I landed in Silicon Valley. I came across a really interesting position in the SMB Marketing team. I tried finding someone in my network who could refer me for the position.
    iii. When I interviewed with Facebook, some of the interviewers told me that Facebook emphasizes hiring people who can code, whereas Google is more likely to hire ivory tower types who are good at algorithms. As far as I know, this is simply not true. Both Google and Facebook only hire people who clearly demonstrate good coding skills during the interview. The types of questions they ask in interviews are not that different.
    A) Only i
    B) Only ii
    C) Only iii
    D) All of these
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option C
    Explanation:
    Option iii distinguishes the two.
  7. Aadhar protection and right to privacy: A controversy
    i. In the age of biometric identification, social profiles, and cashless economic transactions, not having such a right damages an essential component of all personal liberties and other fundamental rights that we have which cannot be freely exercised. This leaves the possibility of a surveillance mechanism both by private companies as well as the government.
    ii. When assessing a technology don’t ask — “what use it is being put to today?”. Instead ask “what use can it be put to tomorrow and by whom?”. The original noble intentions of the Aadhaar project initiators will not constrain those in the future that want to take full advantage of technological possibilities.  However, rather than frame the surveillance potential of Aadhaar in a negative tone as the problem statement.
    iii. In the context of the Aadhaar-PAN petitions, the pending reference on the issue of privacy is important as it severely curtails the ground for challenge available to the petitioners. Forced to give up arguments on privacy, the submissions in the case were largely limited to the issue of bodily integrity and the right to equality. Arguments were also made on the grounds that the introduction of Section 139AA of the Income Tax Act violates Articles 14 and 19 of the Constitution of India
    A) All except i
    B) Only i
    C) Both i nad iii
    D) All of these
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option B
    Explanation:
    The staement is optioni (not having such a right damages an essential component of all personal liberties) sows our privacy is under threat; option ii isn’t detailing anything; option iii again not concluding anything.
  8. Should Board exam in class 8 & 5 Re-introduced?
    i. The issue came up for discussion at the CABE meeting in the wake of complaints from parents and teachers that the no-detention policy and optional Class X board exams have led to depletion in the quality of school education.
    ii. The board exams will only be conducted for four subjects – English, mathematics, science and social studies. The exam papers will be evaluated by teachers of different schools, as it happens in Class 10 or Class 12 board examinations. The question paper will be prepared by the board
    iii. it was observed that the academic performance of the students was declining as they were not taking their exams seriously now as board exams have been made optional
    A) Only i
    B) Only ii
    C) Only iii
    D) Both ii and iii
    E) All of these.
    View Answer
       Option D
    Explanation:
    Option i is not concluding whether exam should be re-introduced or not; option ii tells what should be the due course if it was reintroduced; option iii describes why it needs to be reintroduced (the academic performance of the students was declining as they were not taking their exams seriously now)
  9. Would women IPL be a better move?
    i. Women cricketers in India barely get enough tournaments to hone their skills. This lack of visibility results in a lack of sponsors that further causes most girls to drop out as cricket does not offer them financial stability. A mixed IPL will bring about a massive cultural change. Cricket will no longer be considered a sport only for boys.
    ii. We need a situation where the Indian fan knows the women cricketers as well as their male counterparts. Cricket and its fans in India have not given its female cricketers their due. Infact even our male cricketers don’t care about the women unlike some other countries. I have seen tweets by South African captain and players, Australian captain and players wishing and congratulating their women’s cricket team and players. They take interest in cricket- women or men, gender neutral. This is how it has to be. Haven’t seen this in our case but we all hope one day that could happen
    iii. A tournament on the lines of the Indian Premier League (IPL) may not be immediately practicable. The Board welcomes the idea but there are many hurdles and the biggest involves having a pool of players who would meet international standards
    A) All except ii
    B) Both i an ii
    C) Only i
    D) Only ii
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option A
    Explanation:
    Option encourages and promotes women IPL (A mixed IPL will bring about a massive cultural change); Option ii is ambiguious as it is not clearly stating anything; option iii is discouraging women IPL
  10. Is banning driverless cars in india a right move?
    i. Our plan is to create an awareness about non-polluting electric cars for both personal and mass transportation. The board wants to ensure that our state is ready to enjoy the benefits of numerous innovations in the electric vehicle segment. Besides, it will evolve as a business model for the board for promotion of the renewable energy segment.
    ii. India wasn’t likely to get autonomous vehicles anytime soon. The haphazard roads and chaotic traffic in parts of the country make it difficult to safely introduce driverless technology onto the roadways. But Indian company Tata Elxsi has been trying to get around those issues by testing self-driving vehicles on a track designed to resemble the roads and traffic of India.
    iii. It is not difficult for Indian auto companies to develop driverless cars. But the issue is the roads, not cars. No technology can navigate the numerous challenges a driver faces on chaotic Indian roads even in big cities. From cows, camels and elephants to auto-rickshaws, rickshaws, hard-carts, trucks and cycles, the traffic on Indian roads is more diverse than anywhere in the developed world. Add to that the lack of proper signage and poor upkeep of roads.
    A) Only i
    B) Only ii
    C) Only iii
    D) Both i and ii
    E) Both ii and iii
    View Answer
       Option E
    Explanation:
    Option i tells about non-polluting innovative cars; Option ii and iii details about the issues pertaining to the introduction of driverless cars and why they should not be introduced.

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7 Thoughts to “English: Theme Detection Questions Set 3”

  1. Ravi Upadhyay

    thnxx…

  2. Sachin shukla( Banker 2018)

    ty:)

  3. Shubham Gupta

    explain 8th ???

  4. Jeetesh Chandra

    Ty..

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