Directions (1-10): In each questions below, a Theme has been given followed by two passage. You have to determine which passage is based on the given theme and mark it as your option. More than one passage can be based or not based on the given theme that is highlighted in bold.
- Is the caste system just a way of life or a major injustice?
a. Caste system is not an ideology that tell anyone a way, how to live. Its a division strategy created by People constituting 3.3 percent of indian population to divide the society and rule over it. You can see many examples world over that small community of the region divides the large community to impose their supremacy over it. It happens because if large community remains united small community cannot rule.
b. It is way of life that they choose themselves for some section of Indians. It is major injustice done to them for the majority of Indians (70%). By birth caste gets fixed. Even though one may be hardworking, skilled and intelligent one may be lower caste. Society will treat them poorly because of having been accidentally taking birth in a low caste family. However even if one is intelligent or stupid, hardworking or lazy, good or bad, having taken birth in upper caste, he/she will have social respect and other advantages such as political support and economic advantages due to their powerful grouping based on caste.Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption B
option a tells us that it is not a way of life. But it doesnot detauls about if it is an injustice or not. so Only b is correct as it is clearly mentioned in b that it is a way of life and a majr injustice.
- Should abortion be allowed, and at what point?
a. Raising a child is not an easy task & requires social & emotional commitment coupled with financial resources. As such if a person feels they are not ready for a child, it means the pregnancy is unwanted & resultant allowing a fetus to grow into a child is worse than abortion since the resultant child will grow in a non-conducive & destructive environment without the love, care & stability that a child needs. b. The argument against abortion is a moral argument which is subject to personal interpretation so should not be legislated against. Those see it morally allowable to do abortion should be provided with the means to do so & those who don’t believe in abortion should have the choice not to have an abortionOnly aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption A
Statement b is ambigious and hence discarded.
- Should China or India claim Tibetan medicine?
a. The horrid images of China’s growing oppression of ethnic and political minorities has invited worldwide criticism. But one of the roots of its commercial success in the era of knowledge economy is built on unethical foundations, on what experts would call a form of biopiracy from the ethnic communities. China is now asking the UN Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco) to recognise medicinal bathing, one of the many practices of Sowa Rigpa, the Tibetan name for this type of medicine, as part of its cultural heritage.
b. For centuries, those practising this form of medicine swear every day on something more elaborate than the Hippocratic Oath, and perform prayers and only then treat patients. This is how the system has survived. The attempt to commercialise this system has hit at its ethical base. In 2011, the Government of India through path-breaking activism on the part of AYUSH, several Himalayan community doctors, and the Men Tse Khang, recognised Sowa Rigpa as a system of medicine. While India and Tibet’s cultural ties are rooted in the chronicles of history, the Sowa Rigpa is one aspect of Tibetan culture which speaks of India’s influence on Tibet. The Ayurvedic text Astangahrdayasamhita and its translation into Tibetan is believed to have had a monumental impact on the development of the Tibetan medicinal system.Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption D
None of the statements can be related with the theme.
- Should women be permitted to take off work for period pains?
a. Many women have asserted that not only do they not need such a policy, a period leave would prove yet another disadvantage for women in the workplace. Some of the arguments they have put forward: employers would become prejudiced against hiring women, it would legitimise the argument that women are not suitable for demanding jobs (such as combat roles), it would lead to loss of privacy and sexist comments by male colleagues, it would become the modern version of the idea that women should be segregated and shut away as “unclean” during their menstrual cycles. Not all women experience debilitating pain during their periods and those who do can avail of sick leave, they pointed out.
b. Do you think Culture Machine’s period leave policy is an outlandish idea unlikely to work in India? Well, you might be surprised then to know that women employees in Bihar government services have been eligible for two days of leave in a month for this purpose, though not specifically stated, since 1992.Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption A
Statement a states why they should not be permitted hence follows. but statement b tells that they are already permitted a long ago. so, discarded.
- Should maids be revolting?
a. A mob, mostly comprising domestic helps and their friends and family, had gathered around the society and tried to enter the premises. In fact, they also resorted to stone-pelting. A female domestic help at one of the houses in the society had allegedly been beaten up by one of the residents and this not-so-peaceful protest had risen up because of that. The mob had also blocked the Dadri-Surajpur-Chhalera road at Barola.
b. According to a report presented by the National Domestic Workers’ Movement, “Domestic workers are highly exploited and denied just wages and humane working conditions. They are paid well below the minimum wages for unskilled or semi-skilled workers. The vast majority of live-in domestic workers work a minimum of 15 hours a day, seven days a week.”Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption D
- Should cows be protected for the Hindu?
a. In India there are thousands of cows that walk the street freely owing to the law that states they shouldn’t be harmed physically by any human and that they should have the right to freedom just as we do. Moreover the written law has only been carried out recently, but the acts has been carried out for many thousands of years. Generations amongst generations have taught their young this.
b. There was one small, snag, however: fundamental rights were meant to inhere in human beings, not animals. After much debate, the Constitution’s Drafting Committee agreed upon a compromise: prohibition of cow slaughter would find a place in the Constitution, but not as an enforceable fundamental right.Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption C
Staement a and b both follows the theme as they talk about protection of cow.
- Should Indian flights serve vegetarian food or is that discrimination against the non-Hindu?
a. The airline, which is facing a debt of around Rs 55,000 crore, says that this measure will help it cut down on wastage and cost. Twitter has been testy about this. One tweet even hinted at a conspiracy to turn everyone more ‘sanskari’ than they want to be. It said: “Only veg food on Air India. Next, flight attendants to speak only Hindi. After that, stand for national anthem before take-off.”
b. Food stylist Praerna Kartha says that it’ll ultimately affect the goodwill of Air India. “What has removing non-veg food got to do with improving other services? I fail to see the connect,” she says. “The airline will lose its goodwill, and passengers might move to different carriers if Air India continues imposing such measures.”Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption C
Staement a says it has a debt of 55000cr. so logically, it should do. Staement b says not serving non-veg has no connection with other things. so, it shoud not be done.
- Does demonetization help or hurt the economy?
a. The demonetization that has been in effect since November 9 is expected to have a negative impact on inflation. Consumer spending activity fell to a near halt. Consumers are refraining from making any purchases except essential items from the consumer staples, healthcare, and energy segments. Activity in the real estate sector, which includes a lot of cash and undocumented transactions, slowed down significantly, Metropolitan and Tier 1 cities reported up to a 30% fall in house prices.
b. The BJP government has made a surgical strike on black money. With the new demonetization policy the liquidity side of the indian market has been affected. About nearly 86% of currency value in circulation was withdrawn without replacing bulk of it. As a result of the withdrawal of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes, a huge gap in the currency composition was created as after Rs 100, Rs 2000 was the only denomination.Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption A
- Is technology helping or hurting jobs in developing countries?
a. A number of representatives of pro-automation companies and advocacy groups I spoke with used words like “scaremongering” to describe a spate of recent reports that have raised alarm around the role of robotics in job loss. But when pressed, those same organizations will ultimately acknowledge that automation has been a driver of factory job loss in the U.S., at least in the short term.
b. “Technology rarely automates major occupations completely,” writes the paper’s author, James E. Bessen. “Many occupations were eliminated for a variety of reasons. In many cases, demand for the occupational services declined (e.g. boardinghouse keepers); in some cases, demand declined because of technological obsolescence (e.g. telegraph operators). This, however, is not the same as automation. In only one case — elevator operators — can the decline and disappearance of an occupation be largely attributed to automation.”Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption C
Statement a says, yes technological advancements causing loss of jobs. but B says it doesnot. hence both follows the theme.
- Does WhatsApp do more harm than good in India?
a. WhatsApp is not listed as a telecom operator in India, and is therefore exempt from telecom regulations enabling ‘lawful interception.’ However, the government is currently reviewing its regulations in this area and may choose to include WhatsApp and other internet communication services under the regulatory ambit.
b. “Approaching questions of the best user experience and how we should think about these problems by just calling this a ‘backdoor’ and telling everyone to uninstall WhatsApp does a lot more harm than good, because it’s just going to drive people to other apps that use way less consideration and care that users are also not capable of evaluating the goodness of.”Only aOnly bBoth a & bNeither a nor bCannot be determinedOption D