Directions (1-10) Which of the following phrases given against each sentence can replace the phrase given in bracket in the sentence grammatically and contextually? if none of the phrases can replace the word/phrase given in bracket in the sentence , select ‘None’ as your answer.
- The Swedes are not alone in finding their language under pressure from the ”ubiquitous” spread of English.
III. percolateIII, IIIIIII,IINone of theseOption D
Ubiquitous – present, appearing, or found everywhere.
- To foster a culture of innovation, faculty must be open to exploring the unknown making the environment conducive for interactions.
III. promoteIIII,IIIII,IIII,IINone of theseOption B
Foster – encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable).
- He keeps trying to get his silly matter published but I think he’s ”flogging a dead horse”.
I. just holding it in leash
II. just fiddling around here
III. hogging over itII,IIIIIII,IIIINone of theseOption D
flogging a dead horse – to waste one’s efforts, waste time unnecessarily without any purpose
- His apparent ”heresy” is not that of the smooth talking cleric, but the statistician specialising in the field of criminology.
III. ramblingsIIII,IIIIII,IIINone of theseOption E
Heresy – belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (especially Christian) doctrine.
- Many of us conform to the ”outmoded customs” laid down by our forebears.
I. outdated practices
II. in vogue traditions
III. obsolescent conventionsI,IIII,IIII,IIIINone of theseOption C
Outdated customs – old-fashioned and no longer useful or relevant to modern life.
- The ”amateur” pianist made one or two false starts before finally playing the piece a bit right at the culmination.
III. partisanI,IIIIII,IIII,IINone of theseOption B
Amateur – a person who engages in a pursuit on an unpaid rather than a professional basis/done in an incompetent or inept way.
- After 14 years living and working in this country, she thinks it’s time ”to call it a day”.
I. to concede defeat
II. to recapitulate
III. to give up hopeIIII,IIIII,IIII,IINone of theseOption E
To call it a day – to stop what you are doing because you do not want to do any more or think you have done enough
- Despite all the goodies that participants get , I am not ”going for” the competition.
I. gunning for
II. competing in
III. taking part inIII,IIII,IIIIIINone of theseOption C
Go in for – to take part in
- We were ”kept on tenterhooks” for hours while the judges chose the winner.
I. waiting nervously
II. in suspense
III. kept in darkI,IIII,IIII,IIIINone of theseOption A
On tenterhooks – waiting nervously/anxiously for a result/ in anticipation for something eventful
- Vineet ”pulled a long face” when he was taken to task by his teacher for his carelessness.
I. showed arrogance
II. looked disappointed
III. mocked himI,IIIII,IIIIII,IIINone of theseOption C
Pull a long face – to look sad, disappointed