English Vocabulary Quiz- Set 125

Directions(1-5): In the following question, out of the given alternatives, select the word opposite in meaning to the given word.

  1. Heckle
    Hymn
    Barrack
    Hector
    Bait
    Jeer
    Option A
    Heckle (v.): interrupt (a public speaker) with derisive or aggressive comments or abuse.
    Jeer (v.): make rude and mocking remarks, typically in a loud voice.
    Barrack (v.): jeer loudly at (someone performing or speaking in public) in order to express disapproval or to distract them.
    Bait (v.): deliberately annoy or taunt (someone).
    Hector (v.): talk to (someone) in a bullying way.
    Hymn (v.): praise (something); to praise or worship in or as if in hymns.

     

  2. In the following question, out of the given alternatives, select the word opposite in meaning to the given word.

    Venture

    Air
    Stifle
    Ventilate
    Essay
    Opine
    Option B
    Venture (v.): dare to do or say something that may be considered audacious (often used as a polite expression of hesitation or apology).
    Opine (v.): hold and state as one’s opinion.
    Essay (v.): attempt or try.
    Ventilate (v.): discuss or examine (an opinion, issue, or complaint) in public.
    Air (v.): express (an opinion or grievance) publicly.
    Stifle(v.): restrain (a reaction) or stop oneself acting on (an emotion).

     

  3. In the following question, out of the given alternatives, select the word similar in meaning to the given word.

    Redress

    Frost
    Inflame
    Aggravate
    Remedy
    Addle
    Option D
    Redress (v.): remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation).
    Remedy (v.): set right (an undesirable situation).
    Frost (v.): to make angry or irritated.
    Aggravate (v.): to make worse, more serious, or more severe : to intensify unpleasantly.
    Addle (v.): make (someone) unable to think clearly; confuse.
    Inflame(v.): make (a situation) worse.

     

  4. In the following question, out of the given alternatives, select the word similar in meaning to the given word.

    Consistent

    Episodic
    Vagarious
    Whimsical
    Steadfast
    Volatile
    Option D
    Consistent (adj.): unchanging in nature, standard, or effect over time.
    Volatile (adj.): liable to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.
    Whimsical (adj.): acting or behaving in a capricious (given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour) manner.
    Episodic (adj.): occurring occasionally and at irregular intervals.
    Vagarious (adj.): erratic and unpredictable in behaviour or direction.
    Steadfast (adj.): not subject to change;

     

  5. In the following question, out of the given alternatives, select the word opposite in meaning to the given word.

    Gracious

    Couth
    Suave
    Churlish
    Sedate
    Decorous
    Option C
    Gracious (adj.): courteous, kind, and pleasant, especially towards someone of lower social status.
    Decorous (adj.): in keeping with good taste and propriety; polite and restrained.
    Couth (adj.): cultured, refined, and well mannered.
    Suave (adj.): (especially of a man) charming, confident, and elegant.
    Sedate (adj.): calm, dignified and unhurried.
    Churlish (adj.): rude in a mean-spirited and surly way.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): For the following word given below, a contextual usage is provided. Pick the word from the options, which is not similar in meaning to the given word.

  7. Incredulous: The grandparents were incredulous that their granddaughter got the scholarship.
    Cynical
    Disbelieving
    Weary
    Skeptical
    Dubious
    Option C
    In the given sentence, the word ‘incredulous’ means ‘unable to believe something’.
    Now,
    Option A means ‘being doubtful about something’
    Option B means ‘feeling or expressing disbelief’.
    Option C means ‘feeling or showing extreme tiredness’.
    Option D means ‘not being easily convinced or having doubts’.
    Option E means ‘hesitating or doubting’.

     

  8. Despondent: When Jacob’s cat died due to an injury, he became very despondent.
    Doleful
    Morose
    Melancholy
    Crestfallen
    Exuberant
    Option E
    In the given sentence, the word ‘despondent’ means ‘being in low spirits or sad’.
    Now,
    Doleful- ‘expressing sorrow or being mournful’.
    Morose- ‘sullen and ill-tempered’.
    Melancholy- ‘being sad or in low spirits’.
    Crestfallen- ‘sad and disappointed’.
    Exuberant ‘full of energy, excitement, and cheerfulness’.

     

  9. Exalt: King’s sole object was to exalt his kingdom to a position in which it would fear no rival.
    Elevate
    Promote
    Aggrandize
    Deplore
    Ennoble
    Option D
    In the given sentence, the word ‘exalt’ means to ‘raise to a higher rank or position’.
    Now,
    Elevate- ‘raise or lift (something) to a higher position’.
    Promote- ‘raise to a higher position or rank.
    Aggrandize- ‘increase power, status, or wealth’.
    Deplore- ‘to feel or express strong condemnation of something’.
    Ennoble- ‘lend greater dignity or nobility of character’.

     

  10. Abjure: As part of my religious faith, I abjure meat and only eat vegetables and fruits.
    Relinquish
    Abhor
    Abnegate
    Renounce
    Abandon
    Option B
    In the given sentence, the word ‘abjure’ means to ‘renounce or stop doing something’.
    Now,
    Relinquish- ‘give up’.
    Abhor- ‘to hate something’.
    Abnegate- means ‘to renounce or reject (something desired or valuable)’.
    Renounce- ‘reject or abandon (a cause, bad habit, or way of life)’.
    Abandon- ‘give up completely (a practice or a course of action)’.

     

  11. Malevolence: The commanders met with polite bows but with secret malevolence in their hearts.
    Munificence
    Malice
    Rancour
    Hostility
    Enmity
    Option A
    In the given sentence, the word ‘malevolence’ means ‘ill will, hatred or hostility’.
    Now,
    Munificence- ‘the quality or action of being extremely generous’.
    Malice- ‘the desire to harm someone or ill will’.
    Rancour- ‘bitterness or resentfulness’.
    Hostility- ‘unfriendliness or opposition’.
    Enmity- ‘a state or feeling of active opposition or hostility’.

     

 

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