English: Vocabulary Set 5

1. Innate – inborn; natural, originating in the mind.

Synonyms: inborn, natural, inbred, congenital, inherent, intrinsic, instinctive, intuitive, spontaneous, unlearned, untaught; hereditary.

Antonyms: stupid, unintelligent, inheritable, heritable

Sentence Usage: Golf requires athletic and innate talent

2. Pernicious – having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.

Synonyms: harmful, destructive, injurious, hurtful, detrimental, deleterious, dangerous, adverse, inimical, unhealthy, unfavourable, bad, evil, baleful, wicked, malign, malevolent, malignant, noxious, poisonous, cancerous,

Antonyms: harmless, innocuous

Sentence Usage: All-party meet opposes ‘pernicious Maoist doctrine’

3. Burgeon – begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.

Synonyms: grow rapidly, increase rapidly/exponentially, expand, spring up, shoot up, swell, explode, boom, mushroom, proliferate, snowball, multiply.
Antonyms: Decline, decrease, die, diminish, fade, lessen, lose
Sentence Usage: What one saves in the first few years of starting a career burgeons into a massive amount over the next 25-30 years

4. Emanation – something which originates or issues from a source.

Synonyms: product, consequence, result, fruit; corollary, concomitant, by-product, side effect.

Antonyms: ascent, rising, emanation, acclivity, wage increase, forward motion, progress, hike, rising slope, progression, ascending.

Sentence Usage: samples for gas chromatographic examination of the sediment for possible indications of natural gas emanation

5. Befuddle – cause to become unable to think clearly.

Synonyms: confused, muddled, addled, bewildered, disoriented, disorientated, all at sea, mixed up, fazed, perplexed.

Antonyms: clarify, clear up, enlighten, explain, explicate

Sentence Usage: Analysts and industry observers were befuddled how exactly the Uber-Didi bonhomie would play out in India.

6. Efface – erase (a mark) from a surface, make oneself appear insignificant

Synonyms: efface, rub out, score out, obliterate, wipe off, hide, kill, wipe out, erase, obscure, veil, blot out

Antonyms: approve, confirm, enact, enforce, establish, maintain, perpetuate, record, reenact, sustain, uphold, write

Sentence Usage: If the wetlands are effaced, the loss in food supply would be the least.

7. Deface – spoil the surface or appearance of (something), for example by drawing or writing on it

Synonyms: vandalize, disfigure, mar, spoil, ruin, deform, sully, tarnish, damage; injure.

Antonyms: adorn, beautify, bedeck, deck, decorate, embellish, garnish, gild, illustrate, ornament

Sentence usage: Pakistan hacker defaced Canara Bank site

8. Couth – cultured, good manners, refined, and well mannered.

Synonyms: mature, practical, refined, worldly, bored, citified, cool, cultivated, disenchanted, disillusioned, experienced, jaded,

Antonyms: unrefined

Sentence Usage: Sending her flowers would be a very couth thing to do.

9. Paucity – the presence of something in only small or insufficient quantities or amounts.

Synonyms: crunch, dearth, deficit, drought, failure, famine, inadequacy,

Antonyms: sufficiency, abundance, enough, plenty

Sentence Usage: The PMG office was able to exchange only Rs 1.5 crore due to paucity of funds.

10. Pester – trouble or annoy (someone) with frequent or persistent requests or interruptions.

Synonyms: badger, hound, annoy, bother, harass, trouble, plague, irritate, irk, chivvy, keep after; persecute, torment, molest, bedevil, besiege, harry, worry, beleaguer, nag.

Antonyms: delight, make happy, please, aid, appease, assist, calm, comfort

Sentence Usage: The logic goes that children absorb the ads and then pester their parents to buy the same.

Related posts