English: Vocabulary Set 7

1. Grapple – to hold or make fast to something

Synonyms: confront, contend, cope, deal with, attack, battle, catch, clash, clasp

Antonyms: agree, avoid, be immune, cancel, disconnect, dodge, free, give, idle

Sentence Usage: TN grapples with Cyclone HVAC

2. Flak – criticism; hostile reaction; abuse

Synonyms: abuse, brickbat, censure, condemnation, disapprobation, disapproval

Antonyms: approval, commendation, compliment, endorsement, flattery

Sentence Usage: the decision to waive import duty attracted flak

3. Viable – capable of living.

Synonyms: applicable, feasible, possible, usable, workable, doable
Antonyms: impossible, unfeasible, unlikely, unachievable
Sentence Usage: viable policies should be made available in India

4. Emphatic – uttered, or to be uttered, with emphasis; strongly expressive.

Synonyms: assertive, categorical, confident, definite, definitive, energetic, explicit, forceful, impressive, pronounced

Antonyms: ambiguous, equivocal, idle, impotent, inactive, indefinite, indistinct

Sentence Usage: India’s emphatic innings over England

5. Tawdry – (of finery, trappings, etc.) gaudy; showy and cheap, low or mean; base:

Synonyms: sleazy, tacky, vulgar, blatant, brazen, chintzy, common, crude

Antonyms: nice, sophisticated, tasteful

Sentence Usage: Most people consider reality shows to be tawdry forms of entertainment.

6. Verbose – characterized by the use of many or too many words; wordy

Synonyms: bombastic, circumlocutory, diffuse, flowery, full of air, fustian, gabby, garrulous

Antonyms: concise, succinct

Sentence Usage: The verbose speaker went well over his ten-minute limit.

7. Fumble – to feel or grope about clumsily

Synonyms: botch, flub, mishandle, screw up, stumble, bollix, bungle, err, feel

Antonyms: succeed, do well

Sentence usage: the fumbling encounter with the FBI

8. Reticent – disposed to be silent or not to speak freely; reserved.

Synonyms: bashful, hesitant, mum, reserved, restrained, shy, silent, taciturn

Antonyms: communicative, confident, extroverted, outgoing, talkative, unreserved

Sentence Usage: She was reticent most of the time.

9. Squander – to spend or use (money, time, etc.) extravagantly or wastefully

Synonyms: blow, expend, lavish, misuse, waste, consume, dissipate

Antonyms: hoard, save, accumulate, collect, gather

Sentence Usage: squandering meat is particularly damaging.

10. Rebuff – a blunt or abrupt rejection, as of a person making advances.

Synonyms: rebuke, rejection, reprimand, snub, check, cut, defeat, denial, discouragement

Antonyms: praise, approval, compliment, inclusion

Sentence Usage: In the past he has strongly rebuffed calls to make America energy independent.

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