English Questions: Fill in the Blanks 140

Direction(1-5): The following question carries two statements with one blank each. Choose the word which would fit in both the blanks.

  1. 1) Mr. Singh soon earned great ______ from his fellow workers for his fair and frank dealings.
    2) There was a substantial ______ in the value of money with the de-escalation of prices.
    Acclamation
    Resilience
    Assessment
    Appreciation
    Evolution
    Option D
    Acclamation- loud and enthusiastic approval.
    Resilience- the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties
    Assessment- the action of assessing someone or something
    Appreciation-
    a. recognition and enjoyment of the good qualities of someone or something
    b. increase in monetary value
    Evolution- the gradual development of something.

     

  2. 1) While the newly elected president’s speech seems original, it contains a/an ______ to a speech made by another world leader.
    2) Sam’s blog made a/an _______ to the basketball player’s involvement in the scandal.
    Allusion
    Epiphany
    Obscure
    Clout
    Counter
    Option A
    Allusion- an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
    Epiphany- a moment of sudden and great revelation or realization.
    Obscure- not discovered or known about; uncertain.
    Clout-
    a. influence or power, especially in politics or business.
    b. a heavy blow with the hand or a hard object.
    Counter- a long flat-topped fitment across which business is conducted in a shop or bank or refreshments are served in a cafeteria.

     

  3. 1) China is trying to make a difficult economic __________ from a manufacturing-driven economy to an innovation-driven consumption economy.
    2) The CBEC launched a GST app on Thursday to facilitate a smooth __________ to the new indirect tax regime for taxpayers.
    Venture
    Excellence
    Migration
    Mutation
    Transition
    Option E
    Excellence- the quality of being outstanding or extremely good.
    Venture- a risky or daring journey or undertaking.
    Migration- seasonal movement of animals from one region to another.
    Mutation- the action or process of mutating.
    Transition- the process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another.

     

  4. 1) Going against the status quo to take a progressive decision is always a difficult _______ in politics or in government.
    2) To attain this end, we must secure a preponderance of virtue over vice and must _______ to secure that the honest man may, even in this world, receive a lasting reward for his virtue.
    Hinder
    Endeavor
    Cease
    Halt
    Undertaking
    Option B
    Endeavor is used both as a noun and a verb. In sentence (i), it will be used as a noun meaning an attempt to achieve a goal. In sentence (ii), it will be used as a verb meaning to try hard to achieve something.

     

  5. 1) Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a critical, yet underestimated factor in________ to infection.
    2) The requirements of barley within the soil and its __________ to the external influences of season are very similar to those of its near ally, wheat.
    Diagnosis
    Relation
    Susceptibility
    Proximity
    Symbiosis
    Option
    The word ‘susceptibility’ means ‘liable to be influenced by’. In statement (i), this would fit in because we are talking about how PEM is a critical factor in determining the occurrence of the infection. In the second statement, the effects of the seasonal influences on barley are being discussed, which again would be completed appropriately with the word ‘susceptibility’.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately.

    The government has taken credit for (6) of macroeconomic stability, defined by low inflation, even as unemployment has been rising since 2011. A continuously declining fiscal deficit has not (7) the RBI leadership from paying hawk-eyed attention to it, constantly lecturing the elected government of the (8) of even the slightest deviation from the path of fiscal consolidation, when strictly it is not its business to do so. It should instead focus on putting its own house in order. Ever since we have had de facto inflation targeting in India, from around 2013, the real policy rate has risen very substantially. This has been (9) by declining borrowing in the formal sector likely affecting investment. Inflation has come down but it was already trending (10), possibly due to the slowing growth.

  7. Retrogression
    Stagnation
    Attainment
    Dilapidation
    Execution
    Option C
    Retrogression: The process of returning to an earlier state, typically a worse one
    Stagnation: Lack of activity, growth, or development
    Attainment: The action or fact of achieving a goal towards which one has worked
    Dilapidation: The state or process of falling into decay or being in disrepair
    Execution: The carrying out of a plan, order or course of action

     

  8. encouraged
    vitalized
    incited
    restrained
    enlightened
    Option D
    Encouraged: Persuade (someone) to do or continue to do something by giving support and advice.
    Vitalized: Give strength and energy to
    Incited: Encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behaviour)
    Restrained: Characterized by reserve or moderation; kept under control
    Enlightened: Having or showing a rational, modern, and well-informed outlook.

     

  9. perils
    certitude
    insinuate
    glissades
    blabs
    Option A
    Perils: Serious and immediate danger
    Certitude: Absolute certainty or conviction that something is the case; something that someone firmly believes is true
    Insinuate: Suggest or hint (something bad) in an indirect and unpleasant way
    Glissades: A way of sliding down a steep slope of snow or ice, typically on the feet with the support of an ice axe
    Blabs: Reveal secrets by indiscreet talk; talk foolishly or mindlessly

     

  10. differentiated
    accompanied
    enkindled
    effectuated
    proselytized
    Option B
    Differentiated: Recognize or ascertain that makes (someone or something) different
    Accompanied: Be present or occur at the same time as (something else)
    Enkindled: Set on fire; Arouse or inspire (an emotion)
    Effectuated: Put into force or operation
    Proselytized: Convert or attempt to convert (someone) from one religion, belief or opinion to another.

     

  11. below
    upward
    stagnant
    swift
    downward
    Option E
    Stagnant: Showing no activity; dull and sluggish
    Swift: Happening quickly or promptly

     

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