Directions(1-5): A statement with one blank is given below. Choose the set of words from the given options which can be used to fill the given blank.
- George said to Sheena that ___________________________.
i. Kalidas is the Shakespeare of India
ii. Nagarjuna was considered the Einstein of India
iii. Samudra Gupta is known as the Napoleon of IndiaOnly iOnly iiiBoth i and iiBoth ii and iiiAll the aboveOption D
Statement i- This part is absolutely correct. Kalidas is still considered the Shakespeare of India. It is a true historical fact and hence it is correct.
Present tense will be used to denote the fact.
Statement ii- It is a true historical fact that Nagarjuna iss considered the Einstein of India
Present tense will be used to denote the fact. But past tense is used here, which is incorrect.
Statement iii -This part is absolutely correct. It is a true historical fact and hence it is correct. Present tense will be used to denote the fact.
Samudra Gupta is still known as the Napoleon of India. This fact will not change in future.
- Several nations, including India, remain under lockdown as coronavirus pandemic__________________.
i. Shows no signs of abating
ii. Portrays no possible signs of subsiding
iii. The guests are having their lunch in the banquet hallOnly iOnly iiiBoth i and iiBoth ii and iiiAll the aboveOption C
Statement i- This part is absolutely correct. ‘Abating’ is the gerund or present participle form of ‘abate’, which means to become less intense or widespread.
Statement ii- This part is absolutely correct. ‘Subsiding’ is the gerund or present participle form of ‘subside’, which means to become less intense, violent, or severe.
Statement iii – This part when used in the blank makes no sense. It is totally out of the given context.
- Paul Gomes did not tell you that _____________________________.
i. You, he and I were the only ones who survived the plane crash
ii. He, you, and I were looking miserable in that photograph
iii. I, you and he will go to the picnic next monthOnly iOnly iiiBoth i and iiBoth ii and iiiAll the aboveOption A
Statement i-This is the correct form that can fill the given blank and make the sentence meaningful. The use of the sequence of pronouns is ‘2,3,1’ in this case which is absolutely correct.
Statement iii- This is the incorrect form and it cannot be used to fill the blank. The sequence of pronouns should be ‘2,3,1’. But here it is ‘3,2,1’.
Statement iii – This is the incorrect form and it cannot be used to fill the blank. The sequence of pronouns should be ‘2,3,1’. But here it is ‘1,2,3’.
- Some studies suggest the Alaskan payments ________________ overall poverty reductions and improvements to child health.
i. has coincided with
ii. coincide with
iii. have coincided withonly ionly iiiBoth i and iiBoth ii and iiiNone of the aboveOption D
The given sentence is in the present tense. ‘Has’ is a present tense verb but it generally follows singular nouns. This makes option i incorrect as the nouns ‘studies’ and ‘payments’ are both plurals. Option ii is a correct filler as ‘coincide’ is a present tense verb. Option iii is also correct as ‘have’ is a present tense verb and follows plural nouns. Thus, option D is the correct answer.
- Scientists have attributed this verdant flush to ________________ and a longer growing season, propelled by higher temperatures that come with climate change.
i. more vigorously plant growth
ii. most vigorous plant growth
iii. vigour plant growthonly ionly iiiBoth i and iiBoth ii and iiiNone of the aboveOption E
Option i is incorrect as ‘vigorously’ is an adverb. ‘most’ is a superlative form and incorrect when comparison has to be made. ‘Vigour’ means is a noun and cannot be used to describe ‘plant growth’. Thus none of the options can act as a filler for the given blank making option E the correct answer.
- The President suggested that he might __________ to secure the release of a prominent Chinese businesswoman __________ in Canada at the request of American authorities.
transmit, captureddiscuss, heldpresent, honouredinteract, applaudedintervene, arrestedOption E
The hint to the correct answer lies in the second half the sentence, where we read ‘the release of a prominent Chinese businesswoman’. This helps us in understanding that the word that must fit in the second blank must be related to her arrest or captivity. Therefore, options A, B and E are shortlisted.
Now, looking at the first part of the sentence, we may understand that the president can only ‘discuss’ when another participant is mentioned in the sentence, which in this case is not. ‘Transmit’ means to pass something to someone, which does not give a meaning here since we see no mention of anything being passed on.
- Before the Spring Festival __________, we celebrate the day of cleaning, which is thought to sweep away the bad luck and call for the days of __________.
ends, destructionstarts, prosperityblossoms, calamitykicks, contentmentencircles, tribulationOption B
The hint to find the correct answer lies in looking at the second blank first. From the second half of the sentence, we may understand that it is about the people doing certain things to sweep away the bad luck and calling for the days of something, for which we need to fill the blank. Since the people are trying to get away from bad luck, the second blank would be a positive word. This helps us in cancelling options A, C and E as ‘destruction’, ‘calamity’ (disaster) and ‘tribulation’ (trouble) are all negative words.
From the remaining options, we may now look at the first set of words. From ‘starts’ and ‘kicks’, the former would be a better choice to fill in the blank since ‘kicks’ cannot be an appropriate word to be used with spring festival.
- Companies have to go back to the drawing board and see if their business models __________ with the new requirements effective __________ from the next month.
comply, prospectivelyadjust, approximatelyadhere, aroundobey, byuphold, forOption A
The sentence is related to the companies trying to find out how their business models act in a specific way as per their new requirements with respect to the next month. The word that fits in the first blank must be a verb related to the business models. From the given list, we may rule out ‘adjust’, ‘obey’ and ‘uphold’ due to the reason that ‘adjust’ and ‘obey’ are not used for non-living thing like a business model. ‘Uphold’ means maintaining a custom, which is not appropriate to fit here meaningfully. At this point, we are left with options A and C.
Now, looking at the second half of the sentence and the remaining options with us, we may pick ‘prospectively’ as the correct option as it means ‘expected to be’. The word ‘around’ would be incorrect here since ‘effective around the next month’ would mean other month except the next one.
- While there will always be people fearing the imminent __________ of either Urdu or poetry or both, the ame continues to __________ in this corner of central Delhi’s Hazrat Nizamuddin Basti.
renaissance, glimmerresurrection, blazedemise, flickerdestruction, attenuateexpiration, intensifyOption C
To fill in the first blank, we must take the hint from the phrase ‘people fearing the imminent’ with respect to Urdu and poetry. We may guess that people would not fear any sort of positive act related to the language or an art form. The word must therefore, be a negative word related to the decline. At this point, we may hence, shortlist the words ‘demise’, ‘destruction’ and ‘expiration’. The words ‘renaissance’ and ‘resurrection’ get dismissed due to their meanings related to rebirth.
We now know that something people feared to die still ‘continues’, as the second half of the sentence highlights. From the remaining words, we may cancel out ‘attenuate’, which means reduction of effect.
From options C and E, we may decline option E as the word ‘expiration’ is used for something having a xed period, while neither Urdu nor poetry
has a fixed period.
- The move to allow dumping of mercury __________ an outcry from residents of the area who fear that high levels of mercury will affect their health and _______ ecologically sensitive forest area.
resulted, insistprovoked, destroyincited, determinedactivated, acceptangered, believeOption B
Directions(6-10): A sentence with two blanks is given, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the pair of words that best fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole.