Directions (1-5): Four statements are given below at A, B, C and D. There may be some errors in the given statements. Mark the incorrect statement as the answer. If all the statements are incorrect, mark option E, i.e., “All are incorrect” as the answer.
Child labor involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses.Poverty, lack of good schools and the grows of the informal economy are considered to be the key causes of child labor in India.Corruption in the government also plays a major role in promoting child labour because the laws that should be enforced to prevent child labour are not being put in place because of the corrupt government.The International Labor Organization estimates that agriculture, at 60 percent, is the largest employer of child labor in the world.All are incorrectOption B
In option B, the use of the form of the verb ‘grow’ is incorrect. The correct word here will be the noun form i.e. ‘growth’.
The rates of child marriage vary between states and are as high as 69% and 65% in Bihar and Rajasthan receptively.In many communities girls are seen as an economic burden and marriage transfers her responsibility to her new husband.Poverty and marriage expenses such as dowry may lead a family to marry of there daughter at a young age to reduce these costs.Pressure for early marriage aims to minimize the dishonor associated with improper female sexual conduct, often leading to marriages arranged around the time of puberty.All are incorrectOption C
In option C, the use of the preposition ‘of’ is incorrect as it is used in expressing the relationship between a part and a whole. The correct preposition here will be ‘off’ as it means away from the place in question. Also the use of the adverb ‘there’ is incorrect as it means in, at, or to that place or position. Here the suitable adverb will be ‘their’ as it is used to refer to someone belonging to or associated with the people or things previously mentioned or easily identified.
Unauthorized access means any kind of access without the permission of neither of the rightful or person in charge of the computer, computer system or computer networkCyber Stalking means repeated acts of harassment or threatening behavior of the cyber-criminal towards the victim by using internet services.Viruses are the programs that have the capability to infect other programs and make copies of itself and spread into other program.Software piracy refers to the illegal copying of genuine programs or the counterfeiting and distribution of products intended to pass for the original.All are incorrectOption A
In option A, the use of the adverb ‘neither’ is incorrect as it means not the one nor the other of two people or things. The correct adverb here will be ‘either’ as it means one or the other of two people or things.
There is also the phenomenon of ragging and eve-teasing on streets and campuses, which the victims experience as a nasty episode in their lives.The phenomenon of ragging and eve-teasing on streets and campuses is experienced by many victims who take it as a nasty episode of their lives.Many people experience a nasty episode in their lives which includes the phenomenon of ragging and eve-teasing on streets and campuses.The phenomenon of ragging and eve-teasing on streets and campuses victimise many people who experience it as a nasty episode of their lives.All are incorrectOption D
In the fourth sentence, “The phenomenon” is the subject which is singular in nature, hence its verb should also be singular. “Victimises” should be used in place of “victimise”. Hence, option D is the correct option.
By using low energy bulbs, fuel-efficient cars and earth-friendly appliances, we reduce the greenhouse gases concealed by our personal devices.We reduce the greenhouse gases emitted by our personal devices by using low energy bulbs, fuel-efficient cars and earth-friendly appliances.Greenhouse gases discharged by our personal devices are reduced by using low energy bulbs, fuel-efficient cars and earth-friendly appliances.Using low energy bulbs, fuel-efficient cars and earth-friendly appliances help in reducing the greenhouse gases emitted by our personal devices.All are incorrectOption A
In the first sentence, “concealed” shouldn’t be used as it means to cover or bury something, rather a word having meaning similar to “emit” or “release” should be used as the context of the sentence is about releasing greenhouse gases. Hence, option A is the correct option.
- While scientists has (proposed many theories) about the origin of the Moon, deeper investigation into other planetary bodies has (complicated each hypothesis).
While scientists hasabout the originof the Moondeeper investigationinto other planetary bodiesOption A
The error is in option A. Note that a plural subject takes a plural verb. Therefore, “scientists” should take the plural verb “have” and not has.
- Despite the countless advances in medicine over the last hundred years, (today’s primary treatment) for broken bones remains largely identical to the treatment use (in the ancient period).
Despite the countlessadvances for brokenbones remains largelyidentical totreatment use inOption E
The error is in option E as the verb ‘use’ is preceding before an incident that had occurred in the past. Hence should be in past tense form ‘used’.
- I climbed back onto the saddle and, followed the clattering hooves of the horses and the stumbling boots of the riders, I urged the horse to move forward (and as we passed a small outcrop), I noticed that the path under his hooves was gradual (becoming even and sandy).
I climbed back onto the saddle and, followed by theHooves of the horses and the stumbling boots of the riders.I urged the horse to move forwardI noticed that the path underHis hooves was gradualOption E
The use of the adjective ‘gradual’ is incorrect as we need the adverb ‘gradually’ to modify the verb ‘becoming’.
Therefore, option E is the apt answer.
- A slim geeky tall African American 17-year-old girl (with a café mocha complexion and) beautiful big almond-shaped light brown eyes made her way with (a beautiful large oral- shaped tureen and cover), with scroll, white and gold borders, painted with exotic birds and bouquets of flowers.
A slim geeky tall African American 17-year-old girlbeautiful big Almond-shapedlight brown eyes made her way withwith scroll, white and gold borderspainted with exotic birds and bouquets of owers.Option A
The error lies in part A. The most usual sequence of the adjective is opinion, size, physical quality, shape, age, colour, origin, material, type and purpose. The correct sequence should be “a geeky tall, slim 17-year-old African American girl.”
Therefore, option A is the apt answer.
- (The idea is that the monopolist’s profits should) not exceed the level that a competitive market (would allow, which means estimating the cost to an) imaginary new entrant of replicating the incumbent’s assets and calculating the profits the newcomer would make, supposing if its returns matched its cost of capital.
not exceed the level that a competitive marketimaginary new entrant of replicating theassets and calculating the profits the newcomer wouldmake supposing if its returns matched its cost of capitalNo ErrorOption D
The error lies in option D as the expression ‘supposing if’ is incorrect and must be replaced with ‘if’. This is because both the words portray assumption thus it is an unnecessary repetition which makes the sentence incorrect. Such expressions are called superfluous expression. In such expressions, the sentence can be made grammatically and contextually correct by eliminating the redundant words.
Directions(6-10): In the given sentence, some parts are given in brackets while some are not. The parts given in brackets are correct and need no improvement. The parts which are not printed in bold may or may not be correct. Choose the part which is incorrect and needs improvement.