Directions(1-4): In the following question, three sentences labelled (I), (II) and (III) have been given, followed by two words. Each sentence carries a blank which may or may not be filled by the given words. From the given options, choose the combination which represents the appropriate pair of sentence and word.
- I. We felt that the board was trying to _________ its responsibility to its shareholders.
II. The king ordered the visitor from distant lands to _______ his religion or be imprisoned for life.
III. The controversial bill that proposed to _________ the right to strike among factory workers faced stiff resistance from the trade unions.
I-(b), II-(b) & III-(b)I-(b), II- (a) & III-(a)I-(a),II-(b) & III-(a)I-(a),II-(a) & III-(a)None of the aboveOption C
The verb “abrogate” has the following meanings:
i. “to evade responsibility or accountability” (appropriately fills sentence III)
The verb “abjure” means “to solemnly renounce something – usually a religious belief” (appropriately fills sentence II).
- I. Although not interested at all, Rahul __________ to his wife Sarah’s decision to go for the movie.
II. After several rounds of talks, the mill authorities finally ________ to the striking workers’ demands.
III. King Stanislaus ________ to the Polish throne in 1704 replacing Augustus II.
(b) accededI-(a), II-(b) & III-(b)I-(a),II-(a) & III-(b)I-(a),II-(b) & III-(a)I-(b),II-(b) & III-(a)None of the aboveOption A
The verb ‘acquiesce’ means “To be reluctant about something but agreeing to it without protest” (appropriately fills sentence I)
The verb ‘accede’ has different meanings:
i. It can mean “the act of agreeing to a demand, a request, a proposal etc.” (appropriately fills sentence II)
ii. It can also mean “the act of assuming office or a position” (appropriately fills sentence III)
- I. It didn’t take him long to settle down in his new job as his new colleagues were most ________ to his opinions and ideas.
II. Friends of the couple were relieved that their separation proceedings were ________.
III. Fortunately, the bacterium which causes strep throat is very ________ to the influence of antibiotics.
(b) amicableI-(a), II-(b) & III-(b)I-(b)&III-(b)I-(a),II-(b) & III-(a)I-(a),II-(a) & III-(b)None of the aboveOption C
The adjective ‘amenable’ can have two different meanings:
i. It means “(being) open and responsive to suggestions” (appropriately fills sentence I)
ii. It also means “being susceptible (to something)” (appropriately fills sentence III)
The adjective ‘amicable’ means “characterized by friendliness and absence of dispute” (appropriately fills sentence II)
- I. Despite tremendous pressure from various quarters, the principal stood firm in his decision and refused to ________.
II. This method will ______ the same result but will save some vital time.
III. The ______ has been very poor this year on account of excessive rains.
(b) capitulateI-(a), II-(b) & III-(b)I-(b), II- (a) &III-(a)I-(a),II-(b) & III-(a)I-(a),II-(a) & III-(b)None of the aboveOption B
The verb ‘capitulate’ means “to cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand” (appropriately fills sentence I)
The word “yield” has multiple meanings. As a verb, it means “to produce or generate a result or outcome” (appropriately fills sentence II)
As a noun, it means “an amount or quantity produced of an agricultural or industrial product” (appropriately fills sentence III)
- The internet is often disregarded(A) as awash with cranks, but it has proved far more potent(B) at debunking conspiracy theories(C) than perpetuating(D) them.
ABCD; Disregarded-DismissedACBD; Potent-PotentialBCDA; Perpetuating-ProlongedBDAC; Theories-ThematicNone of theseOption A
- I recommend that you take your own lecture notes on the recover(A) versions of the printed(B) notes, perhaps with extra paper, and then shortly(C) the notes neatly at a time abridged(D) after the lecture.
ABCD; Printed-WrittenACBD; Shortly-QuicklyBCDA; Abridged-AcquiredBDAC; Recover-RecopyNone of theseOption D
- While(A) a common phenomenon, Polar Vortex hits around the North Pole region, but studies have pointed to a recent(B) increase in instances where the polar vortex has bulged(C) down into heavily populated areas disrupting daily life and causing major inconvenience and resulting(D) in extreme, unusual weather conditions.
ABCD; While-WheneverACBD; Bulged-BrickedBCDA; Resulting-RetainingBDAC; Recent-ReminiscentNone of theseOption E
- Union Home Minister Amit Shah implemented(A) two resolutions and a Bill in the Indian Parliament on Monday that would fundamentally(B) alter the relationship between(C) India and the state of Jammu & Kashmir, removing special provisions unique to the state and likely(D) throwing its politics into chaos.
ABCD; Implemented-IntroducedACBD; Between-AmongBCDA; Likely-LivelyBDAC; Implemented-InquiredNone of theseOption A
- Child Labour
I. Steps should be taken to educate and help these children who are victims of child labour and securing their future, instead of depriving them of their childhood. There are some schools, institutions and organizations who have taken up the task of educating street children and getting them to enjoy their childhood like any normal child. After all they are also Indian citizens of the Republic of India, whose constitution is for the people, of the people and by the people.
II. It is important to realize that all children, even those from “normal” homes, are at risk from a molester’s seduction techniques, if they have not been trained how to deal with them. Although all children are at risk, child molesters particularly seek out shy and naive children; children with disabilities; and children who are experiencing loneliness, emotional neglect or strong feelings of alienation.
III. Child labour exists in several forms across the state and country. We see so many children who are deprived of their childhood and do not get the opportunity to enjoy life as children should do. They do not play, study or go to school. They are striving hard to earn their living by working in roadside stalls, shops, markets, railway platforms, restaurants, dhabas and in several households as domestic helps.Only IOnly IIIBoth I and IIIAll I, II and IIINone of theseOption C
Statement I, talks about the steps taken to deal with child labour.
Statement III, talks about the modes or types of child labour in the country.
Whereas, statement II talks about child molestation and not child labour.
- Mars Mission
I. So far 51 missions have been sent to the Mars out of which only 21 have succeeded. The US space agency NASA is exploring this planet since 1964. NASA and other agencies sent various missions to the Mars to investigate habitability, its climate and geology. The purpose of the all the Mars mission is to collect the data for an eventual manned mission to this very important planet.
II. The advances in technology in the 20th century have allowed man to do what at one time was considered unthinkable for millenniums before. With the advent of the modern space program in the early 1950’s, NASA has performed many inconceivable feats. They have sent and returned men to space. They’ve set up space stations orbiting the earth. They have sent spacecraft to explore comets and other planets like Mars.
III. At first, all mankind did was look up and wonder how things became what they are now. We started to think that all celestial bodies revolved around the Earth, and the Earth was the center of the entire universe. Galileo Galelie later disproved this theory. Even with growing knowledge in the field, it was not until 1957 when the first Earth orbiter, the Soviet’s Sputnik 1, was sent into space and placed in orbit at an altitude of 1,370 miles.Only IOnly IIBoth I and IIAll I, II, IIINone of theseOption A
Statement I. talks about statistics related to Mars Mission and the purpose of Mars Mission.
Statement II. talks about the advancement of humans in the field of space exploration.
Statement III. also talks about ignorance of humans about the space and our first exploration project.
Directions(5-8): In the sentence given below, four words have been highlighted, which may or may not be correctly placed (grammatically or contextually). Rearrange the words to make the sentence grammatically correct. One of the words may be contextually incorrect and should be replaced by the word provided in the alternatives. Choose the option which represents the correct order of words and the appropriate replacement of the inappropriate word. If none of the given options is correct, choose ‘None of the above’ as your answer.
Directions(9-10): In the given question, a theme followed by three passages is given. Determine which passage is based on the given theme and mark it as your option. More than one passage can be based on the given theme.