Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 317

Directions(1-4): In the given question, a sentence is divided into five parts out of which the last part is correct. Out of the remaining four, there are errors in three parts. Choose the part which doesn’t have an error. If all the four parts are correct, mark E, ,i.e., “All are correct” as the answer.

  1. An alternate could be to revive (A)/ the Delhi governments online system to (B)/ monitor private hospitals who (C)/ became defunct barely a (D)/ year after it was introduced.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option D
    All the parts except D are incorrect. Let’s look at the errors in the other parts of the sentence:
    1. “Alternate” means every other or every second. There could be alternate days, etc, but a verb cannot be followed by the word. Hence, the word must be replaced by “alternative”, which means available as another possibility or choice.
    2. Here the online system belongs to the government, hence, the apostrophe ‘s’ must be used (government’s).
    3. Hospitals are non- living things, hence “which” should be used instead of “who”.

     

  2. The major team are filled with world-class (A)/ players who play for the bigger clubs in the (B)/ world over different managers, with (C)/ different teammates and according to (D)/ different formations and tactics.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option D
    All parts except D are incorrect. Let’s look at the errors in the other parts of the sentence:
    1. “Team” is a collective noun which represents a group of people, and represents a singular subject. Hence, a singular verb “is” should be used with it.
    2. “The bigger” is incorrect as the article “the” is always added before a superlative degree.
    3. Players would play “under” managers and not ‘over’ them, thus, the preposition ‘over’ should be changed in C.

     

  3. Dr Ghosh made the point that when water (A)/ is important for the journey to Mars (B)/ and it’s colonisation, it is also (C)/ importantly “to rationalise the cost (D)/ structure of going to Mars”.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option B
    All parts except B are incorrect. Let’s look at the errors in the other parts of the sentence:
    1. In the later part of the sentence, the phrase “it is also” is mentioned. So the conjunction “while” must be used instead of “when as another importance of water is being stated.
    2. “It’s” is the contraction of “it is”, an expression which is not required here as the colonisation of Mars is being talked about. So, the possessive “its” would be correct.
    3. “Importantly” is an adverb, but we require an adjective, thus, “important” should be used.

     

  4. During his first visit to Jakarta, (A)/ Prime Minister announced the elevation for (B)/ bilateral ties towards a comprehensive strategic (C)/ partnership and outlining a shared (D)/ maritime vision for the Indo-Pacific.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option A
    The context here is that of the uplifting of the ties between India and Jakarta. The preposition ‘for’ needs to be replaced by ‘of’ in part two.
    As a preposition, here, “toward(s)” can mean in a certain direction. We need to replace it by ‘to’ as there is no movement involved.
    The sentence conveys to us that the meeting has already taken place. Thus, the word ‘outlining’ needs to be replaced by ‘outlined’.
    Hence, option A is the right response.

     

  5. Directions(5-8): In this question, two Columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of the first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of the second half of each sentence. Match Column I with Column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the option as your answer.

  6. I
    A. Government ads are pulled in retaliation against
    B. Over the last two days, India witnessed the murder of
    C. Government intervention in the private sector creates a
    II
    D. newspapers that have been critically of the ruling party.
    E. moral hazards, India’s chief economic adviser warned.
    F. democracy and the rule of law in broad daylight.
    A-E, B-F, C-D
    A-F, B-D
    A-E, C-F
    A-E, B-D and C-F
    B-F
    Option E

     

  7. I
    A. China renewed its vow to retaliate against U.S. tariffs
    B. The crop virus is causing huge losses
    C. China appears to be stepping up to mediate
    II
    D. between Japan and South Korea as their trade battle intensifies.
    E. for farmers in China and other Asian countries.
    F. set to be imposed in the coming weeks.
    A-F, B-E, C-D
    B-F
    B-D, C-E
    A-D, B-E and C-F
    C-F
    Option A

     

  8. I
    A. The Committee has rejected calls for
    B. The President has revamped the Republican Party,
    C. India and Pakistan should resolve the Kashmir issue
    II
    D. bilaterally and no third party should interfere or incite violence in the region.
    E. but on a price that puts his reelection in jeopardy.
    F. a party-sponsored debate on the climate crisis.
    A-F, B-E, C-D
    A-F and C-D
    C-D and B-F
    C-D and B-E
    C-D
    Option B

     

  9. I
    A. Google held a event to reveal more details about Google Stadia,
    B. It takes me less than two minutes to figure out
    C. In both educational as well as professional arena,
    II
    D. women are as qualified as men to enter the digital world.
    E. the company’s cloud-based video game.
    F. whether I should add a blog post to my reading list or skip it completely.
    A-E, B-F, C-D
    A-E, B-D
    B-F
    A-F, B-D and C-E
    C-D
    Option C

     

  10. Directions(9-10): The given question has a statement with two highlighted words/ phrases in brackets. Choose the most appropriate option from the given alternatives which can help replace the highlighted words to make the statement grammatically and logically correct. If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark ‘No correction required’ as the answer.

  11. Prussian military officer Friedrich Wilhelm Baron von Steuben, transformed a (adored) Continental Army into a unified, world-class fighting force (abandon) of beating the British.
    battered, capable
    mesmerized, failing
    defying, revealing
    courageous, vacating
    No correction required
    Option A
    The sentence here refers to a certain officer of the Prussian Army, named Friedrich Wilhelm Baron von Steuben. The reference here is to the transformation that he brought in the Continental Army that they became ‘unified and world-class’. In reference to the context, ‘battered’ which means to be constantly injured or punished because of violence seems appropriate. The word ‘capable’ refers to ‘having the ability, fitness, or quality necessary to do or achieve a specified thing’.

     

  12. Even after the Protestant Reformation, when the (fond) of saints began to be discouraged, St. Nicholas maintained a positive (sorrow), especially in Holland.
    assisting, handicap
    partition, ignorance
    veneration, reputation
    labouring, requirement
    No correction required
    Option C
    The sentence here mentions about St. Nicholas being favoured despite the Protestant Reformation that took place. When looked into the context, the mention of the word ‘saints’ brings ‘veneration’ meaning ‘respect’ to the mind, which after the Reformation was indeed discouraged. The word ‘positive’ then indicates that despite the prevailing reformation and discouragement, St. Nicholas was able to keep a positive image, which makes the next choice of word to be ‘reputation’.

     

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