Logical Reasoning Set 1 (Courses of Action)

Directions: In each question below a statement is given followed by two courses of action. A course of action of a practicable and feasible step or administrative decision to be taken for follow-up, improvement, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc.
On the basis of the information given in the statements, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow (s) for pursuing.
 

  1. There is no motivation among today’s generation to join the armed forces owing to frequent transfers to risky areas. Perhaps they are not aware of the good side of it.
    Courses of Action:
    I. Short term internship should be introduced at high school level to give students a peek into the adventurous life of the forces and provide a more realistic job purview.
    II. The salary levels of the defense forces-should be increased with immediate effect.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option A

    The statement says: owing to frequent transfers to risky areas people do not join. So II action is not a solution for this problem.
    If people come to know about adventurous life of the forces at school level, one can gain interest.
  2. According to a recent report, almost 90% students from a premier college in India end up settling in foreign countries for nearly thrice the salary drawn in India.
    Courses of Action:
    I. Indian organizations should pay salaries to students from this college which are at par with the foreign organizations.
    II. Signing of a bond which prevents them from taking a job in any foreign country should be made mandatory by the government.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option D

  3. Number of hospital beds per 1000 people in India, which is a key indicator of healthcare infrastructure, is much lower than many other nations which are thought to be poorer than India.
    Courses of Action:
    I. The expenditure of importing costly medicines should be borne by the State.
    II. Incentives should be given to encourage entry of private players into building of healthcare infrastructure.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option B

    I is not a solution of problem. And also this will be an extra burden on the states.
    If government is not able to make the things proper, private players should surely be given a chance.
  4. Nearly 26 per cent of all engineering graduated have been left unemployed owing to severe recession worldwide.
    Courses of Action:
    I. All the unemployed students should be advised to take up jobs in foreign countries.
    II. The unemployed students should be advised to take up jobs only after the recession is over.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option D

  5. The government airline has been making huge loses even as private airliners continue to proper and make substantial profit.
    Courses of Action:
    I. All the private airlines should be banned from operation in the country.
    II. The government airline should be instructed to increase passenger fare significantly in order to increase its profit.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option D

    II: If there is increase in government airlines fare, people will move towards private airlines.
    And banning private airline will be completely wrong.
  6. Many private schools have been violating government directives and have been charging more fees than the specified limits.
    Courses of Action:
    I. The government should identify such schools and take stringent actions against them.
    II. The government should not limit school fees and keep it flexible for the schools to decide.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option A

    If govt will not interfere, the problem will not be solved as the big schools will continue to increase fees. So govt action is required.
  7. A large number of patients admitted in a particular hospital have been diagnosed with a serious contagious disease.
    Courses of Action:
    I. These patients should be immediately evicted from the hospital for fear of spread of disease.
    II. The hospitals should make appropriate quarantine arrangements to control the spread of disease.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option B

    If the patients are evicted from hospitals, then what’s the use of making hospitals.
    Yes, arrangements should be made to control the spread.
  8. Statement: Many complaints have been registered lately by commuters regarding unavailability of railway tickets during the peak travelling season.
    Courses of action:
    I. The commuters should be advised to defer their travel plans till the peak season gets over.
    II. Railways should try to accommodate as many commuters as possible by adding extra coaches to the trains.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option B

    It is upto people that when they want to travel. A limit cannot be specified for them.
    But if railways face this problem, then it should definitely think about the problem and can do whatever they can e.g., by adding extra coaches to the trains.
  9. Leader of a tribal community residing near a proposed highway project has given an application expressing his community’s opposition to construction of the highway through their residential area.
    Courses of Action:
    I. Government should convince the tribal community stating the fact that building of the highway would bring development in their area.
    II. Government should immediately stall the highway project in response to the resistance faced by the tribal community.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option A

  10. More and more farmers have been shifting to cultivation of export quality rice rather than the rice eaten daily by people as export quality rice helps them earn more profit.
    Courses of Action:
    I. Strict action should be taken against the farmers growing only export quality rice in their fields.
    II. Procurement price of other qualities of rice should be increased so as to make their cultivation a profitable venture as well.
    A) if only I follows
    B) if only II follows
    C) if either I or II follows
    D) if neither I nor II follows
    E) if both I and II follows
    View Answer
    Option B

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