Directions(1-5): In the given question, a statement with a blank has been given, followed by three words out of which more than one can also complete the sentence grammatically and contextually. Find the word (s) which can fill the blank and choose the option accordingly.
The global challenges we face are so _________ and tricky that we need a solution to match their scale and complexity.
III) NegligibleOnly IIOnly IOnly IIIBoth I & IIIBoth I & IIOption E
The sentence talks about the seriousness of the global challenges faced by us, hence ‘negligible’ doesn’t fit the blank correctly as it means something that is so small or unimportant as to be not worth considering i.e. insignificant.
On the other hand, ‘urgent’ and ‘crucial’ means the same, i.e. something requiring immediate action or attention.
Thus, the words ‘urgent’ and ‘crucial’ fit the blank appropriately.
- Ongoing sea level rises have already ______________ several low-lying islands in the Sundarbans, displacing thousands of people.
III) ImmersedOnly IIOnly IOnly IIIBoth I & IIIBoth I & IIOption D
The sentence talks about the rise in sea levels causing several islands to get immersed. ‘Drought’ means a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water, and is hence an incorrect and meaningless fit here.
On the other hand, the words ‘immersed’ and ‘submerged’ mean the same, i.e. to cause (something) to be under water, and hence are the correct fit for the blank here.
- Smoking _____________ your bones and can cause them to become weak.
III) AffectingOnly IIOnly IOnly IIIBoth I & IIIBoth I & IIOption B
The sentence talks about how smoking has a bad ‘effect’ on our bones. ‘Affect’ is usually a verb, and it means to impact or change. ‘Effect’ is usually a noun, an effect is the result of a change. ‘Affecting’ is the present continuous of ‘affect’, which is incorrect use in this sentence, as the sentence is in simple present. Therefore, ‘affects’ is the only word which fits the blank correctly.
- _______________ are part of America’s ever-growing “nones” with no religious affiliation at all.
I. She and I
II. I and She
III. Her and IOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIBoth II and IIIOption A
We know that pronouns have three cases: nominative (I, you, he, she, it, they), possessive (my, your, his, her, their), and objective (me, him, her, him, us, them).
As per the correct order, we always use the nominative case when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence, and always put the other person’s name first! So, here it should be “She and I” making option A the correct answer.
- He proved himself to be a diligent and _____________ legislator, and devoted himself specially to the improvement of native schools.
III. labourerOnly IIIBoth I and IIIOnly IIBoth II and IIIAll I, II and IIIOption C
The given blank needs an adjective to describe the noun ‘legislator’. Off the given options only ‘laborious’ is an adjective meaning requiring considerable time and effort.
The equestrian(1) ensured that the horses(2) were well take care of before enlistning(3) them for the race.(4)1234All are correctOption C
The error lies in the third word, which is a misspelling of ‘enlisting’, meaning to enroll, usually voluntarily, for certain services.
An equestrian is a person who rides on or takes care of horses.
- He was confidant(1) that his presentation(2) had impressed(3) the client into negotiating(4) a deal.
1234All are correctOption A
The error lies in the first word. ‘Confidant’, meaning a close friend or associate to whom secrets are confided or with whom private matters and problems are discussed, does not fit the context of the sentence. It needs to be replaced with ‘confident’, meaning having strong belief or full assurance; sure.
- The group(1) of friends could hardly(2) recognise there(3) school when they returned(4) there ten years later.
1234All are correctOption C
The error lies in the third word. Since the emboldened word is reflecting back on the subject of the sentence, ‘the group of friends’, it needs to be an appropriate pronoun for the same. As such, ‘there’ needs to be replaced by the pronoun ‘their’, meaning belonging to a group.
- The boring(1) lecture made it dificult(2) for even the most scholarly(3) students to fall asleep.(4)
1234All are correctOption B
The error lies in the second word, which is a misspelling of the word ‘difficult’.
- The young boy’s agression(1) is actually a defense(2) mechanism(3) against rejection.(4)
1234All are correctOption A
The correct spelling is “aggression” which means feelings of anger or antipathy resulting in hostile or violent behaviour; readiness to attack or confront.
Directions(6-10): In the following question, a sentence with four words printed in bold is given. These words are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words may either be misspelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word(s) that is wrongly spelt or inappropriate and mark the relevant option as your answer. If all the words printed in bold are correct, mark option (E), i.e. ‘All are correct’, as the answer.