Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam— Set 162

Directions(1-5): Two pairs of sentences are provided to you. You need to join the sentences with the help of connectors provided in the options. Find out the best option which can be used to merge both the pairs ‘a’ and ‘b’ to make the sentence coherently and grammatically correct and mark your option accordingly.

  1. a) Investment activity in infrastructure was strong in 2017,but down on the previous year. 2018 is expected to see more capital pumped into the sector.
    b) Reliance Jio managed to gain almost 6 million in subscriber base in the month of September this year. The telecom sector as a whole dipped in terms of subscriber base by around 3 million.
    Although
    But
    However
    Nevertheless
    None of these
    Option C
    Investment activity in infrastructure was strong in 2017, but down on the previous year. However
    , 2018 is expected to see more capital pumped into the sector

     

  2. a) There is no sense today that the UK’s public infrastructure should necessarily be publicly owned or directly controlled by the state. The National Infrastructure Delivery Plan imagines a world organized through myriad regulators, non-profit companies, and private corporations.
    b) Publicly ranking teachers by name will not help them get better at their jobs or improve student learning. It will make it a lot harder to implement teacher evaluation systems that work.
    Conversely
    On the contrary
    In contrast
    Because
    None of these
    Option A
    In contrast is used to contrast the same features in two different things. Because is used to tell a reason but there is no reason in the given sentences. On the contrary is used to support the idea of the former sentence which opposes the factual truth. So in both the sentences former sentence is opposing the fact and the latter one is supporting the former statement.

     

  3. a) Contributions to Government Entities increased by €5.7 million. Operational and Maintenance Expenses decreased by €2.0 million.
    b) Neutral sentiment has now risen for five consecutive weeks, increasing by a cumulative 18.7 percentage points. Optimism has fallen by a cumulative 22.1 percentage points .
    Conversely
    On the contrary
    In contrast
    Because
    None of these
    Option A
    As conversely is used to contrast the sentences having related features in same situation but in opposite point of view. In first former part is telling the increment in contribution to Govt entities and latter part is talking about the decrement in operational and maintenance expenses. Both are in the same situation but first part is increasing and second is decreasing. Similarly in the second sentence neutral sentiment has risen whereas in latter part optimism has fallen in the same situation.

     

  4. a) A new study from the journal suggests men are less likely than women to engage in eco-friendly behaviour. They‘re worried it might undermine their masculinity.
    b) He was told that he was being fired. The school had no vacancies for a part-time teacher.
    Although
    But
    And
    So
    Because
    Option E
    A new study from the journal suggests men are less likely than women to engage in eco-friendly behaviour because they‘re worried it might undermine their masculinity.
    He was told that he was being fired because the school had no vacancies for a part-time teacher.

     

  5. a) The government was right not bail out one of its key suppliers. A messy cleanup will raise multiple questions about the risks in handing state work to private contractors.
    b) Constellation Brands, best known for its Corona beer and Sveda vodka brands, is not sure whether marijuana is a friend or foe. It is moving forward with an investment in Canada’s Canopy Growth, a cannabis firm.
    Although
    Nevertheless
    In contrast
    Conversely
    Though
    Option B
    Nevertheless is used in surprising information added to the former part of the sentence. As in second sentence
    constellation brands is not sure about marijuana but it is moving forward with an investment.

     

  6. Directions(6)Below are given two sentences and three starters. You have to identify the starter which will connect both of the sentences grammatically and contextually correct.

    Officials looked at some of the ways in which corruption damages the social and institutional fabric of a country.
    Officials now turn to reform options open to governments to reduce corruption and mitigate its effects.
    a) Looking at some of the ways….
    b) Having looked at some of the ways…
    c) To reduce corruption and mitigate……

    Only a
    Only b
    Only c
    Only a and c
    Only b and c
    Option E
    b) Having looked at some of the ways in which corruption damages the social and institutional fabric of a country,
    officials now turn to reform options open to governments to reduce corruption and mitigate its effects.
    In c) To reduce corruption and mitigate its effects, official now turn to reform options open to governments after looking at
    some of the ways in which corruption damages the social and institutional fabric of a country.
    But we can‘t continue the starter in a) looking means they are still looking into it.

     

  7. Directions(7-10):You are provided with the sections of a sentence. You need to find out the best option which implies the same meaning and provides the grammatically and contextually correct way of combining all sections of sentences into a single one.

  8. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has taken a bold initiative/ on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti 2016/ in Government Process Re-engineering (GPR)/ launched a Simplified Proforma/ to incorporate a Company Electronically (SPICe) e-Form
    On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti 2016, launched a Simplified Proforma for Incorporating a Company Electronically (SPICe) e-Form in Government Process Re-engineering (GPR) by The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has taken a bold initiative.
    The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has taken a bold initiative on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti 2016, because for incorporating Electronically (SPICe) e-Form, launched a Simplified proforma in Government Process Re-engineering (GPR).
    To launch a Simplified proforma to incorporate a Company Electronically (SPICe) e-Form, The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has taken a bold initiative in Government Process Re-engineering (GPR) on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti 2016 in Government Process Reengineering (GPR).
    The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has taken a bold initiative in Government Process Re-engineering (GPR) and launched a Simplified Proforma for Incorporating a Company Electronically (SPICe) e-Form, on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti 2016.
    None of these
    Option D

     

  9. Both ministry and discipleship/ are a work for the Kingdom,/ it is important /to draw /a distinction between them.
    Both ministry and discipleship are a work for the Kingdom so it is important to draw a distinction between them.
    Working for the kingdom both ministry and discipleship draw a distinction between them which is very important.
    Although both ministry and discipleship are a work for a Kingdom, it is important to draw a distinction between them.
    Because both ministry and discipleship are a work for a Kingdom, it is important to draw a distinction between them.
    None of thess
    Option C

     

  10. Mahatma Gandhi/ lived until 1948, / one of the most important figures/ in the non violence/ movement worldwide.
    No other figures, in the non violence movement worldwide, are as important as Mahatma Gandhi who lived until 1948.
    Only few figures, in the non violence movement worldwide, are as important as Mahatma Gandhi who lived until 1948.
    While being one of the most important figures in the non violence movement worldwide, Mahatma Gandhi lived until 1948.
    Living until 1948, Mahatma Gandhi became one of the most important figures in the non violence movement worldwide.
    None of these
    Option B

     

  11. A nationalist party in power/ have to take over the cultural sphere/ especially the universities/ regarded as safe havens/ for intellectual rigor and questioning.
    A nationalist party in power has to take over the cultural sphere, especially the universities, which are regarded as safe havens for intellectual rigor and questioning.
    A nationalist party in power has to take over the cultural sphere, especially the universities, that are regarded as safe havens for intellectual rigor and questioning.
    A nationalist party in power has to take over the cultural sphere, especially the universities, that are regarded as safe havens of intellectual rigor and questioning.
    A nationalist party in power has to take over the cultural sphere, especially the universities, which are regarded as safe havens of intellectual rigor and questioning.
    None of these
    Option A

     

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