Directions (1-5).Which of the following phrases given against each sentence can replace the phrase given in ” ” in the sentence grammatically and contextually? if none of the phrases can replace the word/phrase given in ” ” in the sentence, select ‘None’ as your answer.
- Despite his many achievements he remained humble and ”unassuming” with a good sense of humour.
III. unpretentiousI, IIII, IIIII, IIINoneOption C
Unassuming – modest and having no pretensions or ostentation
- In this world cup season, you would find many people on the edge of their seats, ”rooting for” their favourite players and almost yelling at the TV to tell them what they should be doing.
II. backing for
III. advocating forII, IIII, III, IIIINoneOption D
Root for – support or hope for the success of (a person or group entering a contest or undertaking a challenge).
- A high-voltage wire snapped and fell on the busy road on Monday afternoon, and pedestrians and motorists had a ”providential escape”.
I. fortunate getaway
II. fortuitous escape
III. provident saveII, IIII, IIIIII, IIINoneOption B
Providential escape – occurring at a favourable time; opportune, lucky escape,fortunate
- He constantly reminds us that when we fail to sleep well, every aspect of our life ”goes haywire”.
I. becomes impugned
II. goes bonkers
III. becomes chaoticI, IIII, IIIIIII, IIINoneOption D
Haywire – crazy, chaotic, confused, disorganised
- Without any bulletproof gear, the men would be ”sitting ducks” for the enemy has acquired enough ammunitions already.
I. gullible targets
III. easy targetsII, IIIIII, III, IIINoneOption A
Sitting duck – easy, vulnerable target
- Scientific and engineering knowledge is witnessing ”unexpected” growth owing to the ”speeding” rate of technology introduction and its ”appropriation” in everyday life. Thus, it is ”important” to develop technologists, business leaders, and a workforce that benefits from these transformative technologies.
evanescent,advancing,assumption,criticalspectacular,furthering,ratification,vitalmeteoric,accelerating,adoption,imperativesudden,boosting,acceptance,inquisitiveNo correction requiredOption C
Meteoric – sudden and fast change, rise
Imperative – necessary
Accelerating – increase in rate, amount, or extent.
- A century after the May Fourth Movement- a student ”uprising” that saw Western democracy and science ”emerge” as the ”templates” for the rise of modern China – the West is fast losing its soft power ”gleam”.
reckless,surface,outline,blazerevolution,appear,prototypes,glancemutiny,materialise,patterns,shinerebellion,originate,stencils,glimmerNo correction requiredOption E
- At the end of every academic year, students are ”captivated” in ”rigorous” preparation for both internal and public examinations. Added to this come ”overabundance” of competitive examinations which put ”giant” stress and strain on students.
enlivened,thorough,plenty,tardyabsorbed,cursory,excessive,hugeengrossed,intensive,plethora,enormousInvolved,excruciating,bountiful,momentousNo correction requiredOption C
Engrossed – absorb all the attention or interest of.
Intensive – concentrated on a single subject or into a short time; very thorough or vigorous.
Plethora – a large or excessive amount of something.
Enormous – vast,broad,extensive
- The UN report on the loss of biodiversity, ”stating” that over a million species were at risk of ”extinction” as a result of human activity, has ”prompted” nearly 600 conservation experts to sign an open letter ”calling on” world leaders to address deforestation and plastic waste.
putting,annihilation,started,disparaginggetting,eradication,compelled,asking forproposing,obliteration,bullied,forcedpostulating,desolation,coerced,exortedNo correction requiredOption E
- Everyone finds certain tasks ”burdensome”. But ”loiterers” tend to put off ”hostile” tasks because they feel good for a short while when they ”suspend” them.
arduous,dawdlers,inimical,respitepainstaking,lingerers,dislike,adjournresponsible,idlers,obdurate,prorogueonerous,procrastinators,aversive,postponeNo correction requiredOption D
Onerous – (of a task or responsibility) involving a great deal of effort, trouble, or difficulty.
Procrastinator – a person who habitually puts off doing things.
Aversive – causing strong dislike or disinclination.
Postpone – delay,defer
Directions (6-10): Which of the pair of phrases 1,2,3,4 given below should replace the phrase given in BRACKET in the following sentence to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct . If the sentence is correct as it is and no correction is required, mark (5) as the answer.