Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam— Set 176

Directions (1-5).Which of the following phrases given against each sentence can replace the phrase given in ” ” in the sentence grammatically and contextually? if none of the phrases can replace the word/phrase given in ” ” in the sentence, select ‘None’ as your answer.

  1. Despite his many achievements he remained humble and ”unassuming” with a good sense of humour.
    I. modest
    II. gregarious
    III. unpretentious
    I, II
    I
    I, III
    II, III
    None
    Option C
    Unassuming – modest and having no pretensions or ostentation

     

  2. In this world cup season, you would find many people on the edge of their seats, ”rooting for” their favourite players and almost yelling at the TV to tell them what they should be doing.
    I. supporting
    II. backing for
    III. advocating for
    II, III
    I, II
    I, III
    I
    None
    Option D
    Root for – support or hope for the success of (a person or group entering a contest or undertaking a challenge).

     

  3. A high-voltage wire snapped and fell on the busy road on Monday afternoon, and pedestrians and motorists had a ”providential escape”.
    I. fortunate getaway
    II. fortuitous escape
    III. provident save
    II, III
    I, II
    III
    I, III
    None
    Option B
    Providential escape – occurring at a favourable time; opportune, lucky escape,fortunate

     

  4. He constantly reminds us that when we fail to sleep well, every aspect of our life ”goes haywire”.
    I. becomes impugned
    II. goes bonkers
    III. becomes chaotic
    I, III
    I, II
    III
    II, III
    None
    Option D
    Haywire – crazy, chaotic, confused, disorganised

     

  5. Without any bulletproof gear, the men would be ”sitting ducks” for the enemy has acquired enough ammunitions already.
    I. gullible targets
    II. vulnerable
    III. easy targets
    II, III
    II
    I, II
    I, III
    None
    Option A
    Sitting duck – easy, vulnerable target

     

  6. Directions (6-10): Which of the pair of phrases 1,2,3,4 given below should replace the phrase given in BRACKET in the following sentence to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct . If the sentence is correct as it is and no correction is required, mark (5) as the answer.

  7. Scientific and engineering knowledge is witnessing ”unexpected” growth owing to the ”speeding” rate of technology introduction and its ”appropriation” in everyday life. Thus, it is ”important” to develop technologists, business leaders, and a workforce that benefits from these transformative technologies.
    evanescent,advancing,assumption,critical
    spectacular,furthering,ratification,vital
    meteoric,accelerating,adoption,imperative
    sudden,boosting,acceptance,inquisitive
    No correction required
    Option C
    Meteoric – sudden and fast change, rise
    Imperative – necessary
    Accelerating – increase in rate, amount, or extent.

     

  8. A century after the May Fourth Movement- a student ”uprising” that saw Western democracy and science ”emerge” as the ”templates” for the rise of modern China – the West is fast losing its soft power ”gleam”.
    reckless,surface,outline,blaze
    revolution,appear,prototypes,glance
    mutiny,materialise,patterns,shine
    rebellion,originate,stencils,glimmer
    No correction required
    Option E

     

  9. At the end of every academic year, students are ”captivated” in ”rigorous” preparation for both internal and public examinations. Added to this come ”overabundance” of competitive examinations which put ”giant” stress and strain on students.
    enlivened,thorough,plenty,tardy
    absorbed,cursory,excessive,huge
    engrossed,intensive,plethora,enormous
    Involved,excruciating,bountiful,momentous
    No correction required
    Option C
    Engrossed – absorb all the attention or interest of.
    Intensive – concentrated on a single subject or into a short time; very thorough or vigorous.
    Plethora – a large or excessive amount of something.
    Enormous – vast,broad,extensive

     

  10. The UN report on the loss of biodiversity, ”stating” that over a million species were at risk of ”extinction” as a result of human activity, has ”prompted” nearly 600 conservation experts to sign an open letter ”calling on” world leaders to address deforestation and plastic waste.
    putting,annihilation,started,disparaging
    getting,eradication,compelled,asking for
    proposing,obliteration,bullied,forced
    postulating,desolation,coerced,exorted
    No correction required
    Option E

     

  11. Everyone finds certain tasks ”burdensome”. But ”loiterers” tend to put off ”hostile” tasks because they feel good for a short while when they ”suspend” them.
    arduous,dawdlers,inimical,respite
    painstaking,lingerers,dislike,adjourn
    responsible,idlers,obdurate,prorogue
    onerous,procrastinators,aversive,postpone
    No correction required
    Option D
    Onerous – (of a task or responsibility) involving a great deal of effort, trouble, or difficulty.
    Procrastinator – a person who habitually puts off doing things.
    Aversive – causing strong dislike or disinclination.
    Postpone – delay,defer

     

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