Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam— Set 185

Directions(1-5): In the given question, a word has been mentioned and there are three ways in which the word has been used in either similar or different ways. You are required to check which of the sentences have correctly used the highlighted word, and mark that as your answer.

  1. Bolt

    I. A bolt of lightning pierced the angry black clouds, and Ms. Niharika moved away from the edge of the porch.
    II. Seeing an unidentified figure in the dark, all the kids bolted down the stairs.
    III. A surge in the crowd behind him bolted him forwards.

    Only I
    Only I and III
    Only I and II
    Only III
    All are correct
    Option C
    Sentence I. A bolt of lightning pierced the angry black clouds, and Ms. Nirahika moved away from the edge of the porch.

    Here, the word ‘bolt’ is used as ‘a jagged white flash of lightning’ and is correct.
    Sentence II. Seeing an unidentified figure in the dark, all the kids bolted down the stairs.

    In this sentence, ‘bolt’ has been used as a verb which means ‘to move or run away suddenly in an attempt to escape’ and is correct as well.

     

  2. Square

    I. Mr. Batra wanted to make sure we were square with the court’s decision and not subject to a lawsuit.
    II. After the party, Mohan and Meera decided to square up the bill.
    III. We had been as square with the Startup as any Venture Capitalist could be.

    Only II
    Only I and II
    Only I and III
    Only I
    All are correct
    Option E
    Sentence I. Mr. Batra wanted to make sure we were square with the court’s decision and not subject to a lawsuit.

    Here, the word ‘square’ means ‘compatible or in agreement’ and is absolutely correct.

    Sentence II. After the party, Mohan and Meera decided to square up the bill.
    In the above sentence, the verb ‘square’ means ‘to settle or pay (a bill or debt)’ and is correct as well.

    Sentence III. We had been as square with the Startup as any Venture Capitalist could be.

    In this sentence, the adjective ‘square’ means ‘fair and honest’ and is correct too.

     

  3. Scale

    I. The government is planning a new salary scale for all professors of universities run by the UP government.
    II. We cannot track them in the mortal world until they use a substantial scale of magic.
    III. No one could have foreseen the scale of the disaster.

    Only II
    Only I and II
    Only III
    Only I and III
    All are correct
    Option D
    Sentence I. The government is planning a new salary scale for all professors of universities run by the UP government.

    The sentence above is absolutely correct as the word ‘scale’ here refers to ‘a graduated range of values forming a standard system for measuring or grading something’.

    Sentence III. No one could have foreseen the scale of the disaster.

    The sentence with the word ‘scale’ is absolutely correct. Here, the word ‘scale’ refers to ‘the relative size, extent or magnitude of something’.

     

  4. Subscribe

    I. They decided to subscribe to the new magazine instead of the famous and popular one in the market.
    II. We are of the opinion that we cannot subscribe to the new theory
    III. I decided to subscribe to him since he is my superior.

    Only I
    Only II
    Both I and II
    Both I and III
    All the above
    Option C
    Sentence I: They decided to subscribe to the new magazine instead of the famous and popular one in the market.

    Here ‘subscribe’ means to buy regularly against a monthly or yearly fee

    Sentence II: We are of the opinion that we cannot subscribe to the new theory.

    Here, ‘subscribe’ refers to the feeling of an agreement with a view or opinion.

     

  5. Vulnerable

    I. The students were in a vulnerable position since they did not have any other alternative.
    II. The new home is meant for vulnerable youths and adults who are in need of love and care.
    III. Sachin Tendulkar saw India off from that vulnerable position to a thumping victory over the world champion Australia in the Tri-nation tournament.

    Both I and III
    Only III
    Both II and III
    Only II
    All the above
    Option E
    Sentence I: The students in a vulnerable position since they did not have any other alternative.

    Here, the word ‘vulnerable’ has been used in the sense that the students were exposed to the possibility of being attached or harmed, physically or emotionally.

    Sentence II: The new home is meant for vulnerable youths and adults who are in need of love and care.

    Here, the word ‘vulnerable’ means people with a very weak bent of mind and in need of special attention and care.

    Sentence III: Sachin Tendulkar saw India off from that vulnerable position to a thumping victory over the world champion Australia in the Tri-nation tournament.

    ‘Vulnerable’ refers to weak here. It means India were in a weak position initially from where they cruised to victory thanks to Sachin Tendulkar.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): Identify the words that are similar in meaning to the phrase in bold. If none of option conveys the correct meaning, mark (E) as your answer. The options do not necessarily need to be grammatically correct.

  7. Privatization goes against the grain of their principle of opposition to private ownership of industry
    Normal
    Abnormal
    In sync
    Disparaging
    None of the above
    Option B
    Against the grain: If something goes against the grain, it is difficult to accept because it is very different from what is considered normal or natural.

     

  8. The government is dragging its feet on measures to reduce pollution.
    Prepone something
    Show enthusiasm
    Delay something
    Deteriorating situation
    None of the above
    Option C
    Dragging one’s feet- If you drag your feet, you delay a decision or participate without any real enthusiasm.

     

  9. After several disappointments, everything seems to be coming up roses for the tennis player this year.
    Successful
    Disappointment
    Negative
    Failure
    None of the above
    Option A
    Coming up roses: If things come up roses, the end result is successful or positive, even if there were difficult times.

     

  10. Funny how you can get a bee in your bonnet about the most unlikely matters.
    Speak succinctly
    Stay up
    Go wild
    Obsessed with an idea
    None of the above
    Option D
    A bee in your bonnet: To talk incessantly about something one thinks is important.

     

  11. It was hoped that the testimony of the witnesses would shed light on the causes of the accident.
    Question
    Justify
    Explain
    Illuminate
    None of the above
    Option C
    Shed light: If you shed light on something, you help to explain it or make it easier to understand.

     

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