Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 209

Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 which are supposed to be in a logical order. A statement labelled P is given thereafter. P can replace one of the five statements such that the four statements along with P would make a coherent paragraph. You have to identify which statement should P replace and then find out the correct sequence from the options. If the five options are in a logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage, choose the fifth option “12345”.

  1. 1) The mind is masterful with an intrinsic intelligence.
    2) Your speech reflects the state of your mind.
    3) We are often confused and feel trapped because of this monkey mind.
    4) An unbridled mind disturbs the peace we would otherwise experience.
    5) Despite having everything we could possibly want, our mind keeps pressing for more.
    P. It is therefore important to train the mind in the right direction.
    Option D


  2. Direction: Read the given passage carefully. Choose the most appropriate option from the given alternatives which expresses the summary of the passage.

  3. Jain vegetarian diet is one of the most rigorous forms of spiritually motivated diet on the Indian subcontinent and beyond. The Jain cuisine is completely vegetarian and also excludes onions, potatoes, and garlic. Jain objections to the eating of meat, fish and eggs are based on the principle of non-violence (ahimsa). Every act by which a person directly or indirectly supports killing or injury is seen as an act of violence (himsa), which creates harmful reaction karma. The aim of ahimsa is to prevent the accumulation of such karma.
    Jains are very particular about their food habits and they always stay away from certain foods like onions and garlic, which are both root vegetables.
    Jains are strict adherents of vegetarianism as the Mahavir’s teachings talk about minimising pain to other creatures.
    Jains steer clear of all non-vegetarian dishes, so as to follow the path of non-violence or ahimsa.
    Ahimsa in the Modern World Veganism is embraced by some, misunderstood by others, and resisted by the rest in the Jain Community.
    Most of the Jains, define Ahimsa as not eating meat.
    Option C


  4. Direction: A part of the sentence is underlined. Below it alternatives to the underlined part are given which will make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. Choose the correct alternative.

  5. As per a report by Vice, scientists (noticed irregular sleep patterns in dogs whom are not shown physical love by) their owners before going to bed or are touched by strangers.
    have noticed irregular sleep patterns in dogs who are either not shown physical love by
    have noticed irregular sleep patterns in dogs who are not shown physical love by
    noticed irregular sleep patterns in dogs who are either not shown physical love by
    have noticed irregular sleep patterns in dogs whom are not shown physical love by
    noticed irregular sleep patterns in dogs whom are either not shown physical love by
    Option A
    1) ‘Noticed’ lacks an auxiliary verb. As the subject is ‘scientists’, ‘noticed’ needs to be preceded by the auxiliary verb ‘have’.
    2) The conjunction ‘either’ is missing to combine with the ‘or’ in the last part of the sentence and complete the ‘either.. or’ structure (co relative conjunction).
    3) ‘Whom’ should be used to refer to the object of a verb or preposition. But ‘dogs’ are the subject here. So, the correct pronoun is ‘who’.


  6. Direction: In the following question, a word is given, which has been used in the three statements given below it. Identify the statement(s) in which the word fits contextually to convey a logical meaning.

  7. Posture
    1) The government may posture indifference, but they have a vested interest in increasing investment in neighbouring countries.
    2) A new survey finds many of us are not concerned about poor posture, even though it can have a big impact on the body.
    3) In the backdrop of China’s amicable posture, India has adopted a hostile regional posture loathed by many in the region.
    Only 1
    Only 2
    Both 1 and 2
    Both 2 and 3
    All 1,2,3
    Option E
    The meanings of the word in different contexts are:

    a) (as a noun) the position in which someone holds their body when standing or sitting.
    b) (as a verb) adopt (a particular attitude) so as to impress or mislead.
    c) (as a noun) a particular approach or attitude.


  8. Adduce

    1) Scientists can adduce together a surprising amount of information from fossils.
    2) The world hopes a potential trade agreement between the US and China can adduce trade tensions.
    3) As a Catholic professor trained in the law nothing delights Robby George more than the capacity of human reason to adduce the laws of nature.

    Only 1
    Only 2
    Both 1 and 2
    Both 2 and 3
    Only 3
    Option E
    The word adduce is a verb which means ‘cite as evidence’.


  9. Directions(6-10):
    The given question has a statement with four highlighted words. Choose the most appropriate option from the given alternatives that can help replace the highlighted words to make the statement grammatically and logically correct. If the given sentence is correct as it is, mark ‘No correction required’ as the answer.

  10. The fishermen of Thoothukudi are from a (historic) fishing community, and some misunderstanding (docked) on communal lines (among) the two groups after both the communities (rejected) a candidate for an election.
    familial, tripped, among, handled
    standard, gathered, between, appointed
    traditional, cropped, between, fielded
    conventional, snipped, among, selected
    No correction required
    Option C


  11. The (early) employees at any start-up are (generally) the believers who come on board because they have (faith) in the problem that the (venture) is looking to solve and, in the vision, and story of the founders.
    initial, usually, belief, deeds
    first, usually, conviction, activity
    primary, generally, dependent, campaign
    advanced, usually, reliant, progress
    No correction required
    Option E


  12. Indian waste contains a (taller) proportion of organic waste than (many) western countries and food is more curry-like which (renders) it difficult to (grasp).
    higher, several, makes, handle
    lofty, various, presents, conduct
    elevated, few, furnishes, tackle
    bigger, little, portrays, manage
    No correction required
    Option A


  13. The Climate Justice movement is (constructed) on the knowledge that those who will (agonize) the most from the (affects) of global warming are those who have done the (minutest) to cause it.
    established, endure, affects, slightest
    based, suffer, effects, least
    founded, afflict, effects, minimal
    deployed, damage, affects, less
    No correction required
    Option B


  14. The Caprera Canyon is a (dangerous) undersea (ravine) with many (kinds) of marine wildlife, (encompassing) sperm whales, fin whales, and three different species of dolphins.
    forbidden, trench, generations, comprising
    unexplored, canyon, species, involving
    extensive, dessert, families, containing
    deep, gorge, species, including
    No correction required
    Option D


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