Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 217

Directions(1-4): Five statements labelled A, B, C, 1 and 2 are given below. Among them, statements A, B and C are in the correct order. Identify the positions of 1 and 2 so as to make a logically coherent paragraph.

  1. (A) Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan has gone on record to say that he had conveyed his opposition to any such adventures a year earlier and similar opposition came from all other previous governors, too.
    (B) Also, the RBI records are full of analytical works showing that richer households keep over 90% of assets in physical form.
    (C) Historically, the central bank has been resistant to governmental pressure for demonetising high-denomination notes because of the same reason.
    (1) The whole exercise of demonetisation was done in the most undemocratic manner, disrespecting matured opinions of institutions.
    (2) But, now its perspectives are influenced by the proclivities of the government of the day, which seems to despise any kind of analysis that requires more intellectual depth.
    Option C


  2. A) Something quite distinctive began to take shape in Navlakha’s writings from the early 1990s, when he became closely associated with the Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society, participating in its fact-finding teams, its campaigns, and in the writing of its reports.
    B) Deeply committed to the truth, much of it buried in the ground in Kashmir in unmarked graves, Navlakha’s writings in the EPW and other magazines removed the fig leaves that the Indian state had used to cover up its terrible record on the human rights front in Kashmir.
    C) The lie of Indian democracy, Navlakha has been showing his readers, is evident in Kashmir.
    1) Otherwise, the victims of violence would constantly be blamed for it and the truth of Kashmir will always be hidden.
    2) You have to be really brave to be a journalist and an activist like Navlakha, especially when you are aware of the establishment’s art of propaganda, with big “embedded” media on its side.
    Option D


  3. (A) When I read in the preface that the editor has ‘purposely taken no notice of all the more recent discoveries in the original vowel system,’ I shudder to think what he would have made of his book, if he had paraded the ‘ablaut’ through it.
    (B) Luckily the notes have the great virtue of brevity, in which respect, La Roche, to whom the book is under numberless obligations, has been a most useful model.
    (C) Sometimes, however, the notes are brief to a fault; perilous assertions are made and important matter overlooked.
    (1) The knowledge of the annotators has not reached the clarified state; it has all the turbulent joy of a new possession, and hence inconsistencies are not surprising.
    (2) There is too anxious a display of recent authorities, and an evident forgetfulness that a theory which might interest the editor in its inchoate state may be a real disservice to the beginner.
    Option D


  4. (A) While some research indicated that environmental disasters decrease migration, others show that they increase migration or have no effect on it and this also illustrates the complexity of the nexus between migration and environmental disasters.
    (B) It has also been found that the intensity of the environmental disaster determines its impact on migration, and appropriate measures can be taken through long- and short-term initiatives.
    (C)Households suffer a loss of income due to the destruction of productive assets, the death or injury of wage earners, the loss of local jobs, the return of wage earners from distant cities, or the disruption of the flow of remittances.
    (1) In the aftermath of a disaster, most people need immediate humanitarian assistance, regardless of whether or not they formerly received remittances.
    (2) At the time of disasters, remittances from migration enable the family members left behind at the place of origin to cope with the shock.
    Option B


  5. Directions(5-8): In the question below, there is a word given in bold which is followed by five options. In each of the options, a pair of words is given which is either the pair of synonyms or antonyms or synonym & antonym of the word given in bold. Choose that pair as your answer.

  6. Idealistic
    Option D
    Idealistic: modelled on or aiming for a state in which everything is perfect.
    Lofty: of imposing height.
    Bathetic: producing an unintentional effect of anti-climax.
    Hopeful: feeling or inspiring optimism about a future event.
    Intangible: unable to be touched; not having a physical presence.
    Assured: protected against discontinuance or change.
    Bright: cheerful and lively.
    Pragmatic: of or relating to a practical point of view or practical considerations.
    Quixotic: extremely idealistic; unrealistic and impractical.
    Maudlin: self-pityingly or tearfully sentimental.
    Mawkish: sentimental in an exaggerated or false way.


  7. Vital
    Option E
    Vital: necessary to the existence, continuance, or well-being of something; indispensable; essential.
    Evanesce: to disappear gradually; vanish; fade away.
    Pertinent: pertaining or relating directly and significantly to the matter at hand; relevant.
    Critical: inclined to find fault or to judge with severity, often too readily.
    Atomic: of, pertaining to, resulting from, or using atoms, atomic energy, or atomic bombs.
    Sterile: free from living germs or microorganisms; aseptic.
    Vain: excessively proud of or concerned about one’s own appearance, qualities, achievements, etc.
    Prosaic: commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative
    Vapid: lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavour; insipid; flat.
    Petty: of lesser or secondary importance, merit, etc.
    Frivolous: of little or no weight, worth, or importance; not worthy of serious notice.


  8. Plausible
    Option B
    Plausible: (of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable.
    Feasible: possible to do easily or conveniently.
    Iffy: full of uncertainty; doubtful.
    Tenable: (something) reasonable and could be successfully defended against criticism.
    Improbable: unexpected and apparently inauthentic.
    Possible: able to be done or achieved.
    Strained: showing signs of nervous tension or tiredness.
    Laboured: done with great effort and difficulty.
    Peachy: of the nature or appearance of a peach.
    Inane: lacking sense, significance, or ideas; silly.
    Benevolent: characterized by or expressing goodwill or kindly feelings.


  9. Underlying
    Option C
    Underlying: implicit; discoverable only by close scrutiny or analysis.
    Basal: forming or belonging to a bottom layer or base.
    Connate: entrapped in sediments at the time of their deposition.
    Prime: the state or time of greatest vigour or success in a person’s life.
    Intrinsic: belonging naturally; essential.
    Latent: (of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden or concealed.
    Quiescent: in a state or period of inactivity or dormancy.
    Paramount: more important than anything else; supreme.
    Element: an essential or characteristic part of something abstract.
    Veiled: covered or concealed by, or as if by, a veil.
    Dormant: in a state of rest or inactivity; inoperative; in abeyance.


  10. Directions(9-10): In the given question, a sentence is divided into five parts out of which the last part is correct and given in bold. Out of the remaining four, there are errors in three parts. Choose the part which does not have an error. If all the four parts are correct, mark E, .i.e., “All are correct” as the answer.

  11. A scintillating new paper from Adair Turner (A)/ of the Institute of New Economic Thinking suggest that (B)/ rather than presenting a puzzle, the combination of technological innovation (C)/ and low measure productivity growth (D)/ is exactly what we should expect.
    All are correct
    Option C
    The error in part A is the use of preposition. Replace the preposition ‘from’ with ‘by’. This is because a paper is written ‘by someone’ not ‘from someone’. The error in part B is the verb ‘suggest’. According to the subject verb agreement, if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular. So, replace ‘suggest’ with ‘suggests’ to make the sentence contextually correct. In part D, adjective ‘measured’ should be used instead of ‘measure’. This is because the quality of productivity growth is being talked about and for describing words, adjective should be used and not noun or verb.


  12. The underlying principle in which the global institutions (A)/ were founded, of nations handing out jurisdictional (B)/ rights to supranational bodies, is no longer acceptable (C)/ to large number of citizens even within those countries that were (D)/ founders of these institutions, of which the US used to be the undisputed leader.
    All are correct
    Option C
    The error in part A is the incorrect use of the phrase. Replace ‘principle in’ with ‘principle on’ to make the sentence correct, something is based ‘on’ the principle not ‘in’ the principle.
    In part B, the phrase ‘hand out’ means to give freely or without charge, which does not fit into the context here. Instead the phrase, ‘hand over’ should be used as it means to pass responsibility to someone else. The error in D is the incorrect use of the noun ‘number’. It should be in plural form, i.e., ‘numbers’ according to the subject verb agreement.


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