Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 227


Directions(1-5):
In the given questions, one statement with a blank is given along with four words. Two of the given words can fit into the given blank. Five options with various combinations of these words are given. Pick up the combination of the words that fits into the blank.


  1. The National Library of India not only ___________ the largest number of books but, it also ranks well in terms of maintenance, cleanliness, architecture and historical importance.
    a) Hinders
    b) Holds
    c) Houses
    d) Hunches

    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option C
    To hinder means to make it difficult for (someone) to do something or for (something) to happen. To hunch means to raise (one’s shoulders) and bend the top of one’s body forward.

     

  2. The ability to change colour is well-documented among frogs during mating, where males ___________ a temporary or permanent colour change to attract females.
    a) Undergo
    b) Experience
    c) Abide
    d) Subjected
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option A
    To abide means to accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

     

  3. Rare tree species, earlier thought to have been found only in the southern and central Western Ghats, have recently been ___________ further up north in the swamps of Valpoi taluka in Goa.
    a) Observed
    b) Explored
    c) Found
    d) Discovered
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option D

     

  4. Artificial intelligence-based health applications are increasing rapidly and there is a need for a ___________ for regulation, validation and prequalification – similar to the regulation of drugs, medical devices and vaccines.
    a) Framework
    b) Act
    c) Policy
    d) Plan
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option E

     

  5. Bans on crop burning from central and state courts have had little effect on the practice of crop burning, but the bans might influence how much farmers were willing to tell a ___________.
    a) Connoisseur
    b) Surveyor
    c) Assessor
    d) Expert
    a-b
    b-c
    b-d
    c-d
    a-d
    Option B

     


  6. Directions(6-10):
    The given sentences 1, A, B, C, D and 6, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Choose the most logical order of the sentences from among the five given choices to construct a coherent paragraph keeping 1 and 6 as the first and the last statements respectively.

  7. 1) We have overwhelmingly good moral reasons to reject such a society.
    A) Yet this kind of moral clarity disappears as soon as we move from politics to wealth.
    B) There is a huge industry dedicated to executing the wishes of human beings after their death.
    C) We believe that with death comes the loss of the right to influence the political institutions of the living.
    D) Through endowments, charitable trusts, dynasty trusts, and inheritance law, trillions of dollars in the US economy and many legal institutions at all levels are tied up in executing the wishes of wealthy people who died long ago.
    6) The UK does not fall far behind.
    ADBC
    DCAB
    CADB
    CBDA
    CABD
    Option E

     

  8. 1) Soon, an English woman joined us and began to talk about her daughter studying philosophy at university.
    A) ‘She’s a deep thinker,’ the woman said.
    B) After five minutes, most of the crowd was gone.
    C) The remaining were mainly workers from nearby financial firms who were at present on their lunch break.
    D) They were scoffing packets of crisps and stabbing at their smartphones.
    6) Then, the odd passing tourist would stop, laugh and take a photo that would probably be uploaded to Facebook later that day.
    ABCD
    DCAB
    ABDC
    CDBA
    ACDB
    Option A

     

  9. 1) So why do we continue to give the dead such eternal rights?
    A) I believe we honor the wishes of the dead out of a misplaced sense of moral duty, as we would feel if we made a deathbed promise to a loved one.
    B) But deathbed promises are not unconditional, eternal, nor must they be satisfied at serious self-interested, financial, or moral cost to the living.
    C) They are, instead, a lot like living promises.
    D) If I promise my child some candy but, through no fault of my own, the only available candy must be acquired at serious moral cost to some current candy-owner, it is not morally obligatory to fulfill this promise.
    6) A promise itself holds some moral weight, but not overriding moral weight.
    BCDA
    CBDA
    ADBC
    BADC
    ABCD
    Option E

     

  10. 1) I held my two deckchairs on a noisy underground train, and contemplated what I had learned from my first experience with pop-up philosophy.
    A) I certainly felt much calmer.
    D) Still, I also felt disappointment that only tourists had joined in with my experiment.
    B) Would someone not on vacation allow herself the luxury of sitting down and thinking for a few moments?
    C) The question bothered me, in part because I couldn’t focus my own mind and just think for a few hours.
    6) One consideration made me suspect pop-up philosophy had not been an entire failure: once I broke through the desire to focus on something, simple mind-wandering seemed to be an altogether pleasant experience.
    ABCD
    ADBC
    BDCA
    CDBA
    DABC
    Option B

     

  11. 1) In fact, the idea that the dead could lose their rights to control the future is familiar in our moral lives, and this idea gets reflected elsewhere in the law.
    A) The state does not enforce your desire that your spouse should not remarry.
    B) These kinds of posthumous desires carry little weight in our deliberations about what we should do now, and we certainly do not erect legal institutions to enforce these kinds of preferences.
    C) Even if your spouse promises this to you on your deathbed, it would not be illegal for her to break this promise.
    D) Businesses do not feel obligated to carry out the wishes of their now-dead founders, even if those founders had strong preferences about the future of the business.
    6) However, when it comes to the wishes of the dead with respect to their personal wealth, we grant them many rights.
    DCBA
    ACDB
    CDAB
    BDCA
    ABDC
    Option B

     

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