Directions(1-5): In the given questions, a sentence is divided into five parts out of which the last part is correct. Out of the remaining four, there are errors in three parts. Choose the part which doesn’t have an error. If all the four parts are correct, mark (E) i.e. ‘All are correct’ as the answer.
- Although Soviet communism collapse in 1989 (A)/ and China has significantly retreated from many aspects of Maoist communism in practice, (B)/ the concept of socialism remain in various forms (C)/ ranging from democratic socialist governments on Latin America and Europe (D)/ to industrialized welfare states.
ABCDAll are correctOption B
There is an error in the tense used in part A. Since the ‘collapse’ took place in the past, the past tense form ‘collapsed’ should be used.
The error in part C of the sentence is the lack of subject-verb agreement. Since ‘concept’ is singular, it should be followed by the singular verb ‘remains’ to maintain the subject-verb agreement.
The preposition ‘on’ has been incorrectly used in part D of the sentence. Instead of ‘on’ the preposition ‘in’ should be used to show location with the country range.
- Socialism have also been influential (A)/ on other political ideologies such that radical environmentalism, (B)/ various anarchist movements, (C)/ but even as part of economically capitalist countries (D)/ in the form of social welfare policies.
ABCDAll are correctOption C
‘Have’ has been incorrectly used in the sentence. It is a present tense verb and generally used with plural nouns. But ‘socialism’ is a singular noun and hence the correct tense to be used here is ‘has’.
‘Radical environmentalism’ is an appositive. An appositive is a word group that explains or clarifies through example the words preceding it. “Such that” is a subordinating conjunction. It introduces a subordinate clause. The correct phrase to be used here is “such as” since it introduces an appositive.
The conjunction ‘but’ has been incorrectly used in part D of the sentence. The example of ‘economically capitalist countries’ is equal in importance to the preceding examples and thus should be joined by the conjunction ‘and’.
- The needs to integrate socio-economic context and environmental pollution (A)/ exposures into health research had long been recognized (B)/ and there are growing attention to (C)/ the role of multiple exposures and heightened physiologic susceptibility (D)/ in driving health disparities.
ABCDAll are correctOption D
In part A, two entities ( socioeconomic context and environmental pollution) are joined by the conjunction ‘and’ , they are considered plural. Thus, instead of ‘needs’, the base verb form ‘need’ should be used.
In part B, instead of ‘had’ which is the past tense, the present tense ‘has’ should be used for the part to be correct.
In part C, ‘attention’ is singular. To maintain the subject-verb agreement, ‘is’ should be used, instead of ‘are’.
- The use of streaming services (A)/ also affect positively live (B)/ music attendance, but only for national (C)/ or international artists which are (D)/ more likely to be available on streaming services.
ABCDAll are correctOption A
In part B, “affect” will get replaced by “affects” since the subject is singular.
In part C, “attendance” will get replaced by “attendants”.
In part D, “which” will get replaced by “who” as it has been used for the “artists”.
- After the founding of a German empire (A) / in 1871, Germany became the very pattern (B) / and model for Western Europe into matters (C) / related to theology, philosophy, and technology, (D) / medicine, science, culture and social engineering.
ABCDAll are correctOption B
The error in A is the incorrect use of indefinite article ‘a’ and needs to be replaced with definite article ‘the’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. This is because ‘the’ is used for definite person, place or things. And here the sentence is talking about the ‘German empire’. So, ‘the’ should be used before that.
The error in part C of the sentence is the incorrect use of the preposition ‘into’ and needs to be replaced with ‘in’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. This is because; ‘into’ is used for motion but the sentence is not indicating any sort of motions. For matters ‘in’ is used.
The error in D is ‘related’ which must be replaced with ‘relating’. This is because ‘related’ means associated with the specified item or process, especially causally and ‘relating’ means make or show a connection between.
- Directions(6-10): In these questions, two columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the option as your answer.
A) This month would mark the beginning of the year-long celebration
B) Gandhi lives on primarily because of the sheer force of his ideas;
C) Both capitalism and communism have failed us in terms of finding a
D) not because we have put them into practice.
E) for the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
F) answer to unemployment and environmental threats.BD, CFAE, BF and CDAF and CDBFBDOption E
A) Now the US, home to some of the biggest multinational pharma firms, and Europe, too, are sounding the alarm
B) The study, which focuses on top-selling prescription drugs in the US, says unequivocally that patent abuse
C) The patent office has of late been ignoring the strict rules against evergreening in India’s laws and
D) are a leading cause of high drug prices today.
E) under the unethical patent practices of drug giants which are helping them to rake in humongous profits.
F) has even approved patents that have been rejected by the European Patent Office.BD and CFAE, BF and CDCFBFAE and CFOption C
A) In 2015, India changed the methodology to measure GDP which made it inevitable for normal tracking of the economy
B) In July, the US also changed certain measures of the economy that
C) Kerala’s GDP would go up after the flood as there would be fresh investments to rebuild the state
D) to create a comparable data set for years preceding this year.
E) and this does not mean people’s lives will improve.
F) laid to a change in both the current and the past GDP growth.BD and CFAE, BF and CDAF and CDBFADOption E
A) A global trade war has broken out where the United States fired the first salvo and
B) There are dark (unconfirmed) whispers about how it is going about acquiring
C) Global trade talks must discuss employment not just industry, it must value labour and
D) not goods as this is what is at the core of the insecurity in the world.
E) many new-age technologies by rolling over western companies operating in vast markets.
F) there has been retaliation by the European Union, Canada, China and even India.BD and CFAE, BF and CDAF, BE and CDBFAE and CFOption C
A) The contemporary context of the deep polarisation on environment-capitalism line has
B) As for the farmer, the industrial capitalist and the agricultural worker, they are no more bound to the land they exploit than are the employer and the worker in the factories to the cotton and wool they manufacture;
C) It is said that Marx was just 40 when scientists started theorising on human-induced climate change and
D) them feel an attachment only for the price of their production, the monetary product.
E) added a new dimension to the much talk about notion of Marx as an anti-environment theorist.
F) his writings always insisted on the perils of alienation of human society from nature.AEBEBDCECFOption E