Directions(1-5): In the following question, a short passage is given, with numbers mentioned before or after some of the sentences. The passage is followed by a statement, which would replace one of these numbers and fit appropriately in the passage to make it complete and coherent (coherent means logically complete and sound). Select the option that mentions the number where the statement should fit. If the given sentence does not fit anywhere, mark “None of these” as your answer.
- Nothing seems to be going right for the Indian economy. (1) The slowdown is reflected in stagnant growth in jobs, which is visible with lakhs of flats lying unsold in most cities of India. (2) When the government revised Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth for 2016-17 from 6.7 per cent to 8.2 cent, the entire system of measuring growth came under a question mark. (3) From non banking financial companies (NBFCs) to banks to the motor vehicle industry, the slowdown is staring from every corner. (4) And yet, the election campaign saw little debate about the dark clouds hanging over the economy.
Statement: Demonetisation had affected every sector of the economy and except the super-rich, lived experiences of people did not support high growth.1234None of theseOption C
- A degraded environment filled with air and water pollution continues to affect health of people in India, according to the National Health Report (NHP) released on October 31, 2019. (1) Air pollution-linked acute respiratory infections contributed 68.47 per cent to the morbidity burden in the country and also to highest mortality rate after pneumonia. (2) Cholera cases went up to 651 in 2018 from 508 in 2017, the report showed. (3) Uttar Pradesh followed by Delhi and West Bengal had the highest cases. Cases of typhoid went up to 23,08,537 in 2018 from 22,64,453 in 2017. The data for 2018 is provisional. (4)
Statement: Acute diarrhoeal diseases, caused due to drinking contaminated water, caused the second highest morbidity at 21.83 per cent.1234None of theseOption B
- Women account for more than 50 per cent of Africa’s combined population. (1) Yet they contributed to only 33 per cent of the continent’s collective GDP in 2018. (2) This is due to poor progress on gender equality in the region since 2015, says a recent McKinsey report. (3) The score assigned by Mckinsey gender index is based on 15 indicators of progress covering four aspects—gender equality at work, society, legal protection, and political voice, and physical security and autonomy. (4)
Statement: At the current pace, the continent would need close to 142 years to achieve gender equality, says the report.1234None of theseOption D
- (1) Before it was made public, swarms of real estate agents had started visiting the shanties of South Mumbai where the country’s commercial capital tapers into the Arabian Sea. (2) Valli Sengena, a rag picker from Sundar Nagari is highly sought after by the developers and their agents. (3) Every day, as they visit the colony to cajole hundreds of fisherfolk, cleaners and domestic helps to obtain their written consent for acquiring the land, Sengena helps them make a deal. (4) “I’ll sell my jhuggi only when I get a lucrative offer. It is located bang on the coast and offers a beautiful view of the Gateway of India,” Sengena says.
Statement: As the year 2018 was drawing to a close, the Union Cabinet quietly cleared the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, highly debated upon for its impact on coastal ecology.1234None of theseOption A
- After more than a month since the declaration of assembly election results, a new government has been formed in Maharashtra. (1) The tripartite alliance government consisting of Shiv Sena, the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP), and the Indian National Congress is definitely a unique experiment necessitated by prevailing political circumstances. (2) Technically speaking, the pre-poll alliance between the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Shiv Sena had secured a majority and could have formed the government. (3) However, for reasons best known to either party, the pre-poll alliance could not lead these parties to finally form the government. (4)
Statement: Considering the capacity of the ruling party to manoeuvre the political narrative, only such proactive intervention can produce crises before them.1234None of theseOption E
- I. Ducks and geese are stripping(A) the shoreline of vegetation, ran(B) erosion that muddies the harder(C) lake.
II. The champion triggering(D) well enough but she would have set up another world record indeed(E) if she had tried shallow(F).BD and CFAE and BFAF and CEBD, AE and CFNo exchange requiredOption A
- I. Knowledge is the most injury(A) treasure of all things, because(B) it can never be given away, nor stolen nor pontificating(C).
II. In a city that makes its living blaring its opinions(D), some folk are consumed(E) to the point of precious(F).BD and CFAE and BFAF and CEBD, AE and CFNo exchange requiredOption C
- I. Her home earn(A) of two purpose(B) green fishing boats tied together a few feet off a mouthful(C) of garbage-strewn Nile shoreline.
II. The primary battered(D) of education is not to teach you to consists(E) your bread, but to make every stretch(F) sweet.BD and CFAE and BFAF and CEBD, AE and CFNo exchange requiredOption D
- I. For some years I have been make(A) of buying a word unlikely(B) but have not yet taken the plunge(C).
II. At first, I thought(D) it was an accident, but as far as I can thinking(E) out, the police consider that’s processor(F).BD and CFAE and BFAF and CEBD, AE and CFNo exchange requiredOption B
- I. The parents were active(A) in campaigning against cuts(B) to the education(C) budget.
II. Instead of proceeding(D) at his normal brisk(E) trot, he lumbered(F) up the step-ladder and heaved himself ponderously inside the machine’s cabin.BD and CFAE and BFAF and CEBD, AE and CFNo exchange requiredOption E
Directions(6-10): In the following question, two sentences I and II have been given. In each sentence some words have been highlighted, which may or may not be grammatically and contextually appropriate at its current place. Words in sentence I may be exchanged with words in sentence II and vice versa, to make both the sentences grammatically and contextually correct. If both the sentences are correct as it is, choose ‘No exchange required’ as your answer.