Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 250

Directions(1-5): In the following question, a word is given in bold, which has been used in the three statements given below it. Identify the statement(s) in which the word fits contextually to convey a logical meaning.

  1. Constant

    1) Her irritability had suddenly vanished, and her anxious, imploring and constant eyes were fixed on him with greedy expectation.
    2) Guitar playing has been the one constant thing in my life since this mess started.
    3) It was dark, but the constant lightning flashes exposed a world of wildly waving branches.

    Only 1
    Only 3
    Both 1 and 2
    Both 2 and 3
    All 1,2,3
    Option D
    The word constant has several meanings:
    1) An element or a situation that does not change, as used in sentence 2.
    2) Continuing without pause or let up; unceasing, as used in sentence 3.

     

  2. Hatch

    1) The detective hatched a plot to catch the man cheating against his wife.
    2) The farmer hatched the eggs of the birds he had been feeding for several months.
    3) The employee hatched the door carefully before leaving the cabin.

    Only 1
    Only 2
    Both 1 and 2
    Both 1 and 3
    All 1,2,3
    Option A
    There are multiple meanings for the word ‘hatch’. Firstly, ‘hatch’ means to make a plan secretly, which has been mentioned in option 1. Therefore, option 1 is correct.
    Secondly, ‘hatch’ is used for the act of an animal breaking the egg for facilitating the young one to come out. Option 2 mentions that the farmer hatched the egg, which is incorrect as the eggs hatch on their own. Therefore, this option is incorrect.
    Thirdly, ‘hatch’ represents an opening or crack through a wall, door, floor, etc. This meaning has not been taken in any of the three options.

     

  3. Dread

    1) A few South African states dread the shortage of food due to famine.
    2) Communalism and anarchy are dreaded combinations to ensure disaster and war in a state of governance.
    3) The drug addicts were in dread need for help from the rehabilitation centres.

    Only 1
    Only 2
    Both 1 and 2
    Only 3
    All 1,2,3
    Option C
    The meanings of word ‘dread’ are two:
    1. The act of worrying or being scared (verb)
    2. Worrisome or something worthy to be scared about (noun)
    “Dreaded” means regarded with great fear or apprehension.

     

  4. Grab

    1) She rose to the surface of the water once every minute to take a grab of air.
    2) We’d better get there early, or someone else will grab the best seats.
    3) Both the children made a grab for the same cake.

    Only 2
    Both 2 and 3
    Both 1 and 2
    Both 1 and 3
    Only 1
    Option B
    The word grab carries several meanings:
    1. To take a hold of something or someone suddenly and roughly
    2. To take the opportunity to get, use, or enjoy something quickly.
    3. Sudden attempts to hold, gets, or take something.

     

  5. Steer

    1) The driver found it very easy to steer the vehicle.
    2) The management spent a lot of time discussing about their plan to steer the organization in the long run.
    3) Children try their best to steer clear of any suggestions made by the old people.

    Only 2
    Only 3
    Both 1 and 2
    Both 1 and 3
    All 1,2,3
    Option E
    Below are the different meanings of the word steer:
    1) To guide or direct something in a particular direction.
    2) To take the charge of a firm or a company.
    3) To take actions or steps in order to achieve a desired result.

     

  6. Directions(6-10): In the following passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers correspond to the question numbers; against each question, five words have been suggested, one of which fills the blanks appropriately.

  7. As the countdown for elections to the 17th Lok Sabha begins, the world’s largest democracy has a chance to re-imagine itself. Over the last 16 general elections and numerous elections at lower levels, the (6) trust that the founding fathers of the Republic put in the parliamentary democratic system has been substantially proven wise. India did make some dangerous turns and showed signs of (7), especially during the Emergency in the 1970s, but in the long term it expanded the scope of its democracy through widening representation, (8) of power and redistribution of resources. This is not to overlook the various maladies that have afflicted the country’s democracy, such as disinformation campaigns, corruption, (9) of the weaker sections of the society, the corroding influence of money and muscle power in elections, and divisive majoritarian tendencies. While the representative character of institutions has in general improved, women and religious minorities are alarmingly underrepresented. The exercise of elections itself is a matter of great pride for all Indians. The Election Commission of India has over the decades evolved itself into a fine institution and plays a critical role in the (10) of democracy. Its efforts to increase voter participation through a series of small steps over the years, including the use of the Electronic Voting Machines, have been praiseworthy.

    Find the appropriate word in each case.

    Resolute
    Unbreaking
    Irrespective
    Ultimate
    Interim
    Option A
    Resolute- determined, decided
    Interim- the intervening time

     

  8. Frugality
    Malleability
    Fragility
    Insanity
    All of the above
    Option C
    The word “fragility” stands for the quality of being delicate or vulnerable.
    Frugality: the quality of being economical with money or food; thriftiness
    Insanity: the state of being seriously mentally ill; madness
    Malleability: quality of something that can be shaped into something else without breaking

     

  9. Resolution
    Devolution
    Dissolution
    Evolution
    Emancipation
    Option B
    Devolution: ‘the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, especially by a central government to local or regional administration’. Resolution: a firm decision to do or not to do something
    Dissolution: the action of formally ending or dismissing an assembly, partnership, or official body.
    Evolution: the process by which different kinds of living organism are believed to have developed from earlier forms during the history of the earth.
    Emancipation: the fact or process of being set free from legal, social, or political restrictions; liberation.

     

  10. Unfasten
    Emancipated
    Hibernation
    Disinvestment
    Disenfranchisement
    Option E
    The word “disenfranchisement” means ‘the state of being deprived of a right or privilege, especially the right to vote’.

     

  11. Sustenance
    Sustainable
    Surviving
    Serving
    All of the above
    Option A

     

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