Directions(1-5): Select the phrase/connector from the given options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences. Pick out the option which when used to start the sentence, combines both the sentences into one.
- The Tibetan traders are no longer interested in coming to Gunji in India for trade. They do come to Hilsa in Nepal near the border.
c) DespiteBoth a and bBoth b and cBoth a and cOnly bOnly cOption D
Though the Tibetan traders are no longer interested in coming to Gunji in India for trade, they do come to Hilsa in Nepal near the border.
- Inflation is touching a ten-year high in the country. Appropriate measures should be taken by augmenting supplies through imports.
a) With inflation touching
b) Given that inflation
c) With the appropriate measures takenOnly aOnly bBoth a and bAll a,b and cNone of theseOption
Both a and b can be used to combine the two sentences. The combined sentences will be:
• With inflation touching a ten-year high in the country, appropriate measures should be taken by augmenting supplies through imports.
• Given that inflation is touching a ten-year high in the country, appropriate measures should be taken by augmenting supplies through imports.
- In terms of TV ratings, the ‘89 Oscars were a success. The show topped the previous five Academy Awards telecasts with 42.7 million viewers.
a) With 42.7 million viewers
b) In comparison to the previous five
c) The ‘89 OscarsOnly aOnly bOnly cBoth b and cNone of theseOption B
The new sentence can be constructed as: “In comparison to the previous five Academy Awards telecasts, the ‘89 Oscars were a success with 42.7 million viewers in terms of TV ratings.”
- Plastic bags are produced using petroleum, natural gas, and other chemicals. Its production is toxic to the environment.
a) After the production
b) The production of
c) Toxic to the environmentOnly cOnly aOnly bBoth a and bNone of theseOption C
The new sentence can be constructed as: “The production of plastic with the use of petroleum, natural gas, and other chemicals are toxic to the environment.”
- In the 21st century, the word chivalry evokes a kind of old-fashioned male respect for women. But during the Middle Ages, the code was established for much grittier reasons.
a) In contrast to
b) The notion of
c) Evoking an old-fashioned beliefOnly bOnly cOnly aBoth a and cNone of theseOption C
The new sentence can be constructed as: “In contrast to the kind of old-fashioned male respect for women in the 21st Century, the word chivalry as a code was established for much grittier reasons during the Middle Ages.”
ensuringrepudiatingjeopardizingplungingNo change requiredOption A
Wagering- gambling; putting something at chance.
Ensuring- making certain that (something) will occur or be the case
Repudiating- refusing to accept; rejecting
Jeopardizing- threatening, endangering
assiduousscrupulousscrambledpunctiliousNo change requiredOption C
Coherent- logical and consistent
Assiduous- showing great care and perseverance
Scrupulous- careful, honest
Scrambled- jumbled, confusing, disorganized
Punctilious- exact, precise, detailed
laundromatexpressionmasqueradeobscurityNo change requiredOption B
Obliteration- total destruction
Laundromat- a self-service laundry
Masquerade- a false show or pretence
Obscurity- insignificance, unimportance
disdainingbanteringeulogizingidentifyingNo change requiredOption D
Deriding- mocking, disrespecting someone
Disdaining- considering someone unworthy, belittling
encipherslinkaccusesaunterNo change requiredOption B
Dawdle- waste time; be slow
Encipher- convert (a message or piece of text) into a coded form
Slink- to move in a deliberately quiet and sneaky way
Saunter- walk in a leisurely way
Directions(6-10): In the passage given below are words followed by a number given in the brackets. Every word in bold has five alternatives. Find the word which best suits the place. If the given word suits the blank, mark ‘no correction/change required’ as the answer.
The thing to appreciate most about the government’s draft encryption policy, brought forth with the ostensible goal of wagering(6) privacy and promoting Internet security, was the speed with which it was withdrawn. There was little in the draft that was true to the goal; the provisions, instead, had enough in them to harm the cause. Encryption, a process in which digital messages are coherent(7) so they can’t be accessed by anyone other than those they are meant for, is a means to ensure freedom of obliteration(8) and to keep information secure in the digital world. The aliases one uses in the social media environment can be a fun way to keep casual users from deriding(9) you. But that isn’t enough. The digital world also comprises criminals and terrorists, and repressive regimes. Some of them would not only want to know who you are and dawdle(10) into your information and messages but also have the means to do so. Encryption keeps intruders at bay.