Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 318

Directions(1-5): In the given question, four words are numbered A, B, C and D. The positions of some highlighted words may be incorrect and need to be exchanged with another highlighted to make the sentence correct. Find the words that need to be exchanged.

  1. In our forget(A) to declare ourselves against these drown(B) acts as loudly as possible, we urgency(C) about the voices we heinous(D) with our self-righteous anger.
    A – C and B – D
    B – C
    A – D and B – C
    C – D
    No exchange required.
    Option A
    ’Forget’ means fail to remember. ‘Drown’ means be overwhelmed by a large amount of something. ‘Urgency’ means in extreme hurry. ‘Heinous’ means wicked.
    The word ‘act’ is best described by the adjective ‘heinous’. Thus, B and D should interchange. Again, contextually, A should interchange with C to make the sentence correct. Thus, option A is the correct answer.

     

  2. This often-poignant missives(A) of Mandela’s collection(B) gives us a deeper insight into how he struggled(C) with being an absent and imprisoned(D) father and husband.
    A – C and B – D
    A – B
    A – B and C – D
    C – D
    No exchange required.
    Option B
    ‘Missives’ mean a letter, especially a long or official one. Thus, there can be a collection of ‘missives’ and not a ‘missive of collections’. Thus, A should interchange with B making option B correct.

     

  3. The vocal(A) call for a death penalty(B) signifies nothing other than the ease to(C) which we are able with(D) dehumanise people.
    A – C and B – D
    A – B
    A – D and C – B
    No exchange required.
    C – D
    Option E
    Grammatically, ‘with’ is used to describe two things that exist or act together. ‘To’ is used to describe one thing acting on another. thus, to make the sentence contextually correct, C and D needs to interchange. This makes option E correct.

     

  4. As a part(A) of this expansion(B), students from India can now pursue(C) higher studies in some of the globally(D) known universities.
    A – C
    A – B
    No exchange required.
    B – C
    C – D
    Option C
    The given sentence makes perfect sense as given. It means that because of a certain expansion, Indian students can now have access to higher studies in foreign universities.
    The word ‘expansion’ means: the action of becoming larger or more extensive
    The word ‘pursue’ means: to follow
    Thus, option C is the correct answer.

     

  5. At school, I bragged(A) to everyone that my father(B) just came back from Chernobyl, that he was a liquidator,(C) and that the liquidators were the ones who helped(D) clean up after the accident.(E)
    No exchange required
    C – E
    A – C
    C – D and B – C
    A – B and D – E
    Option A
    The given sentence makes perfect sense as given.
    The word ‘bragged’ means: to have said something in a boastful manner.
    The word ‘liquidator’ means: one of the people in charge of closing a company
    The statement talks about the pride of a child regarding her father’s occupation, who is a liquidator who helped in cleaning up the mess created by the Chernobyl accident. Thus, option A is the correct answer.

     

  6. Directions(6-7): The given question has a statement with an idiom/ phrase in it, which has been mentioned in brackets. The statement is followed by five options, pick the option that best explains the meaning of the idiom, as used in the statement.

  7. The kind old woman received the stranger (with open arms).
    With her arms free
    With warmth
    With restraint
    With gratitude
    With jealousy
    Option B
    The phrase ‘with open arms’ means one is very pleased about someone’s arrival and that person is accepted with warmth. Out of all the options, option B explains the phrase correctly.
    Thus, option B is the correct answer.

     

  8. Whatever he has achieved in life has been done through (elbow grease).
    Persuasive
    Favourable conditions
    Good connections
    Hard work
    Flattering superiors
    Option D
    The idiom “elbow grease” means a lot of physical effort or hard work. Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

     

  9. Directions(8-10): In the given question, a statement divided into different segments is given. The first segment is fixed. Rearrange the other segments to form a coherent statement. If the sentence is already arranged or the correct sequence doesn’t match any of the given sequences, mark (E) i.e., “None of the above” as your answer.

  10. The Supreme Court’s decision will/ be a deciding factor in the backdrop (P)/ the disputed site gaining momentum, (Q)/ of the movement for building a Ram temple, at (R)/ which was a major promise in the BJP manifesto (S)
    PQRS
    PQSR
    PRQS
    PRSQ
    None of the above
    Option C
    The sentence starts with the subject i.e. the decision of the Supreme Court. It further follows with the auxiliary verb ‘will’ and will be followed by another verb ‘be’ mentioned in P which tells us how this decision is important. The continuing part will state the situation in which it is important thus (R) will follow, continuing with Q (providing the place for the preposition ‘at’) and (S) by telling us that making the temple at the disputed site was a major promise in the BJP’s manifesto. Thus, the proper sequence would be PRQS.

     

  11. It is shocking that a major information technology/ to put in place a real-time national (P) all police stations across India (Q)/ crime tracking network that will connect (R)/ power like India should be struggling (S)
    SPQR
    PQSR
    SPRQ
    RSPQ
    None of the above
    Option C
    The sentence starts with the subject i.e. a major information technology power. So, the next part should be talking that it is shocking that such a power is struggling to put in place network for crime tracking in (S) and (P), continued with (R) stating the connections, ending with (Q) which specifies on more details about the connections. Thus, the proper sequence would be SPRQ.

     

  12. Along with the provision of food,/ sustaining livelihoods (P)/ are equally important to millions of small farmers (Q)/ in the environment and marketplaces (R)/ and the ability to cope with rapid changes (S)
    SRQP
    QSRP
    PSRQ
    PQSR
    None of the above
    Option C

     

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