Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 349

Directions(1-2): An idiom is used in three sentences. You need to choose the right option that covers the correct usage amongst these three sentences.

  1. At the drop of a hat
    A. My friend was intelligent and at the drop of a hat.
    B. Just invite me home and I’ll be there at the drop of a hat.
    C. Rahul tries to show off his knowledge at the drop of a hat.
    Only A
    Only B
    Only C
    A & C
    B & C
    Option E
    The idiom, “at the drop of a hat”, means suddenly, or without hesitation.
    Options (A) is wrong because it doesn’t fit with the context/ meaning.
    Option (B) is correct because it indicates me coming home immediately / without hesitation.
    Option (C) is correct because it indicates Rahul showing off his knowledge immediately / without hesitation.

     

  2. The best thing since sliced bread
    A. Microwave oven is the best thing since sliced bread. I use it every day.
    B. I feel mobile phones are the best thing since sliced bread. Life is so easy after that!
    C. My success after 4 attempts is the best thing since sliced bread as I worked very hard for it!
    Only A
    Only B
    A & B
    A & C
    B & C
    Option C
    The idiom, “The best thing since sliced bread”, means a very good innovation or development.
    Option (A) is correct because it indicates Microwave oven as a great invention.
    Option (B) is correct because it indicates mobile phones as a great invention.
    Option (C) is wrong because it does not match to any invention.

     

  3. Directions(3-6): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below them. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

    Moody’s has downgraded scam-hit Punjab National Bank (PNB) to junk grade, following its Rs. 13,417-crore loss in the fourth quarter. This will make it tough for PNB to raise funds overseas. However, there is no cause for panic, given the government’s implicit and explicit support to every public sector bank (PSB). Other PSBs have also reported huge losses, a corollary to bad loans and their provisioning. The good news is that banks are using the bankruptcy code to clean up their books. The government has promised to move fast to infuse capital. PSBs, especially those under prompt and corrective action (PCA), can use the capital to build up their balance-sheets and start lending again. But broader systemic reforms are needed, ranging from developing the bond market to ring-fencing banks from political interference.
    Some structural remedies can minimise corruption. A holding company to hold the government equity in banks, with a board whose primary job is to appoint the boards of individual banks, would help. It can leverage its capital to infuse capital in the banks. It can serve to insulate the banks from politicians and bureaucrats who seek to influence lending decisions. It can also help put in place a remuneration structure that rewards performance of bankers.
    Those who decide policy and take key decisions must be handsomely rewarded, linked to how their decisions pan out over time. It ought to be multi-tiered; the basic, fixed component small in relation to chunks linked to medium-and long-term performance, which must be truly generous, but subject to claw back. Banks must be empowered to lend to feed growth, not beaten up.

  4. Which of the following words is nearest in meaning to the word insulate as mentioned in the passage?
    Mingle
    Uncover
    Protect
    Differentiate
    Exclusion
    Option C
    Insulate – to cover or protect something from harmful exposure.
    In this case banks are to be protected from the interference of the politicians.

     

  5. Raising funds in the foreign countries will be tough for Punjab National Bank.What is the main reason for it according to the passage?
    Moody’s has devalued Punjab National Bank.
    The bank has faced a huge amount of loss.
    The bank has been trying hard to overcome its losses.
    Both A and B
    All A,B and C
    Option D
    According to the passage- Moody’s has downgraded scam-hit Punjab National Bank (PNB) to junk grade, following its Rs. 13,417-crore loss in the fourth quarter. This will make it tough for PNB to raise funds overseas.
    Owing to the huge loss that the bank has faced in the fourth quarter,Moody’s degraded PNB’s value to junkgrade due to poor performance and losses.

     

  6. Which of the following may help in reducing corruption in the banking system?
    Replacing the heads of all banks.
    Appointing boards of individual banks by constituting a board meant to do just that.
    Forming a company which can keep the government capital in banks.
    Both A and B
    Both B and C
    Option E
    As mentioned in the passage-A holding company to hold the government equity in banks, with a board whose primary job is to appoint the boards of individual banks, would help.It can leverage its capital to infuse capital in the banks. It can serve to insulate the banks from politicians and bureaucrats who seek to influence lending decisions. It can also help put in place a remuneration structure that rewards performance of bankers.

     

  7. The lending decisions of the banks are usually affected by the interference of the people in higher positions.
    According to the information given, this statement is:-
    Definitely False
    Probably False
    Definitely True
    Probably True
    Cannot be determined
    Option C
    As the passage clearly mentions – It can serve to insulate the banks from politicians and bureaucrats who seek to influence lending decisions. Thus, we can definitely infer that politicians and other people in higher positions affect the banks’ lending decisions.

     

  8. Directions:(7-10): In each of the questions, a sentence is divided into five parts namely A, B, C, D and E in which two of the parts have some grammatical or contextual errors in them. You have to identify which pair among the given alternatives represents the parts that contain those errors.

  9. Though it will (A) / cost arm and a leg (B) / to purchase an iPhone, (C) / people would do so because (D) / of the strong brand value that it possess. (E)
    AE
    BE
    BC
    CD
    AD
    Option B
    B – the correct idiom is “an arm and a leg.” “an” before “arm” is missing.
    E – “it” is a singular pronoun and hence we need to use singular verb “possesses” instead of plural verb “possess”.

     

  10. When Tomas Edison discovered (A) / the light bulb, (B) / there was anyone (C) / to support and uphold (D) / his claims and possibilities. (E)
    AC
    AB
    BD
    DE
    AE
    Option A
    A – The right word here is “invented” and not “discovered” because we use “discovered” for those that already exists and only need to be found. The light bulb was a product that Thomas Edison created and hence we need to use the word “invented.”
    C – the correct word here is “no one” and not “anyone”.

     

  11. Each discreet unit that comes (A) / out of the factory has (B) / its own unique number and (C) / this number is kept (D) / discrete from its production owner. (E)
    AB
    BC
    CD
    DE
    AE
    Option E
    A – the word “discreet” means “secret”. The correct word required is “discrete.”
    E – the word “discrete” means distinct. The correct word required here is “discreet”.

     

  12. The Police has arrested the accused, (A) / but my mentor and boss cleared the air (B) / and tried to get the accused released, (C) / thus earning them praise (D) / from the family. (E)
    CE
    CD
    DE
    AC
    AD
    Option E
    A – the subject police is always plural and thus we need to use “have” and not “has”.
    D – the correct word here is “him” or “her” and not “them” as “my mentor and boss” refers to a single person.

     

 

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