Directions(1-6): A sentence divided into four parts (1), (2), (3) and (4) is given. The errors are in two parts of the sentence. Determine the parts which require correction and mark it as your answer. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark the answer as ‘No error’.
- These factories have (1)/ displaced tourism as (2)/ the country’s largest source (3)/ of foreign exchange. (4)
1-42-31-23-4No errorOption E
- It has sown confusion and (1)/ anxiety between researchers by (2)/ giving birth to a ambiguous (3)/ concept of sensitive but unclassified research. (4)
1-22-32-41-4No errorOption B
‘Between’ is used when referring to two things, like “between a rock and a hard place,” while ‘among’ is used for a greater number. We also use ‘among’ when referring to indistinct or nonspecific relationships. Hence, ‘between’ must be replaced with ‘among’ since the number of researchers is not explicitly mentioned.
The use of ‘a’ in part 3 is incorrect. The choice between ‘a’ and ‘an’ is determined by the sound of the alphabet. If a word starts with a consonant but gives the sound of a vowel, ‘an’ should be used. Therefore, ‘a’ must be replaced with ‘an’ to form a grammatically correct sentence.
- Business leaders (1)/ demanded immediately (2)/ and decisive action (3)/ to and the dispute. (4)
1-31-22-32-4No errorOption D
An adjective is required to modify the noun ‘action’ while an adverb is used which is erroneous. Hence, ‘immediately’ must be replaced with ‘immediate’ to form a grammatically correct sentence.
A verb is required in part 4 while a conjunction is used which is erroneous. Hence, ‘and’ should be ‘end’ to form a correct sentence.
- A simple, fast and precisely (1)/ method of adopting the GPS to (2)/ calibrated radar azimuth and elevation (3)/ is expatiated and is widely applied in radar calibration. (4)
1-22-31-31-4No errorOption C
An adjective is required in part 1 while an adverb is used which is erroneous. Hence, ‘precisely’ should be replaced with ‘precise’.
‘To’ is always followed by an infinitive while it is followed by a participle in part 3. Hence, ‘calibrated’ should be replaced with ‘calibrate’ to form a grammatically correct sentence.
- These line of reasoning is intended (1)/ to provide a means for (2)/ felicitous plural and singular pronominal (3)/ reference under appropriately circumstances. (4)
1-31-42-31-2No errorOption B
The subject of the sentence is ‘line of reasoning’ which is singular. Thus, ‘these’ should be replaced with ‘this’ in part 1.
An adjective is required to modify the noun ‘circumstances’ while an adverb is used which is erroneous. Hence, ‘appropriately’ must be replaced with ‘appropriate’ to form a grammatically correct sentence.
- Repeated commissions (1)/ and zemstvo investigations (2)/ drew a grim picture of peasant (3)/ destitution and growing frustration. (4)
2-41-32-31-2No errorOption E
- When someone is unable to afford the necessary materials to manage menstruation, (they often have turn makeshift solutions like) toilet paper or even socks.
i. they often have turn to makeshift solutions like
ii. they often have to turn to makeshift solutions like
iii. they often have to turn makeshift solutions likeOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption B
The highlighted text is missing two ‘to’. The first ‘to’ will come before ‘turn’ and act as a ‘to-infinitive’. The second ‘to’ would come after ‘turn’ and act as a preposition. Hence, the correct answer is B.
- (Despite the complexity of the natural world), the research approach to understanding how potentially pandemic pathogens and their animal and human hosts interact has been relatively simple.
i. In spite the complex of the natural world
ii. Despite the complexion of the natural world
iii. In spite of the complexion of the natural worldOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption E
- In Afghanistan, political legitimacy is (not based simple around formal election results but also material resources), power and political alliances that emerge from such processes.
i. is not only based simple around formal election results but also material resources
ii. is not only based simply around formal election results but also material resources
iii. is not based simply around formal election results but also material resourcesOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption C
The adverb ‘simply’ is describing another adverb ‘around’. ‘Simple’ is an adjective and cannot be used for the same. When we use ‘not only…but also’, we place the entire predicate after ‘not only’ and ‘but also’. This means that in the given sentence, ‘but also’ should be followed by a verb + object because ‘not only’ is followed by a verb (based) + object (simple around formal election results). But that is not the case as ‘but also’ is only followed by the object. In such cases the ‘only’ after ‘not’ is not required. So, only option iii is correct. Hence, the answer is C.
- The overregulation (of medical methods of abortion not prevented access to abortions) but also results in low knowledge about the pills as well as the legality of abortions among pharmacists.
i. of medical methods of abortion not only prevents access to abortion
ii. of medical methods of abortion not prevents access to abortion
iii. of medical methods of abortion not only prevented access to abortionOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption A
The ‘but also’ after the highlighted part means it should be ‘not also’ after ‘abortion’. Also, since the verb following ‘but also’ in simple present tense (results), the verb following the ‘not only’ should also be in simple present tense (prevents). Hence, the correct answer is A.
Directions(7-10): Which of the following phrases (i), (ii), and (iii) given below each sentence should replace the phrase given in brackets to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (E) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.