Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 357

Directions(1-5): In the question below, there is a word given which is followed by five options. In each of the options, a pair of words is given which is either the pair of synonyms or antonyms or synonym & antonym of the word given. Choose that pair as your answer.

  1. Abrogate
    Repudiate: Revoke
    Bifurcate: Cajole
    Ascribe: Castigate
    Clamber: Disperse
    Denigrate: Penetrate
    Option A
    The meanings of the words are:
    Abrogate: repeal or do away with (a law, right, or formal agreement).
    Repudiate: refuse to accept; reject.
    Revoke: officially cancel (a decree, decision, or promise).
    Bifurcate: divide into two branches or forks.
    Cajole: persuade (someone) to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery.
    Ascribe: regard something as being due to (a cause).
    Castigate: reprimand (someone) severely.
    Clamber: climb or move in an awkward and laborious way, typically using both hands and feet.
    Disperse: distribute or spread over a wide area.
    Denigrate: criticize unfairly; disparage.
    Penetrate: go into or through (something), especially with force or effort.
    Hence, option A i.e. repudiate and revoke are pair of synonyms of abrogate.

     

  2. Aberrant
    Terrific: Plain
    Deviant: Normal
    Agile: Auspicious
    Bellicose: Banal
    Capricious: Cavil
    Option B
    The meanings of the words are:
    Aberrant: departing from an accepted standard.
    Terrific: of great size, amount, or intensity.
    Plain: not decorated or elaborate; simple or basic in character.
    Deviant: departing from usual or accepted standards, especially in social or sexual behaviour.
    Normal: conforming to a standard; usual, typical, or expected.
    Agile: able to move quickly and easily.
    Auspicious: conducive to success; favourable.
    Bellicose: demonstrating aggression and willingness to fight.
    Banal: so lacking in originality as to be obvious and boring.
    Capricious: given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour.
    Cavil: make petty or unnecessary objections.
    Hence, option B i.e. deviant and normal are synonym-antonym pair of aberrant.

     

  3. Accede
    Assume: Confute
    Destroy: Prevail
    Censure: Collide
    Appose: Determine
    Refuse: Deny
    Option E
    The meanings of the words are:
    Accede: agree to a demand, request, or treaty.
    Assume: supposed to be the case, without proof.
    Confute: prove (a person or an assertion or accusation) to be wrong.
    Destroy: end the existence of (something) by damaging or attacking it.
    Prevail: prove more powerful or superior.
    Censure: express severe disapproval of (someone or something), especially in a formal statement.
    Collide: hit by accident when moving.
    Appose: place (something) side by side with or close to something else.
    Determine: cause (something) to occur in a particular way or to have a particular nature.
    Refuse: indicate or show that one is not willing to do something.
    Deny: state that one refuses to admit the truth or existence of.
    Hence, option E i.e. refuse and deny are the antonyms pair of accede.

     

  4. Concur
    Cavort: Embarrass
    Gauge: Liquefy
    Agree: Accord
    Precede: Proceed
    Dissipate: Seize
    Option C
    The meanings of the words are:
    Concur: be of the same opinion; agree.
    Cavort: jump or dance around excitedly.
    Embarrass: cause (someone) to feel awkward, self-conscious, or ashamed.
    Gauge: an instrument that measures and gives a visual display of the amount, level, or contents of something.
    Liquefy: make or become liquid.
    Agree: have the same opinion about something; concur.
    Accord: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).
    Precede: come before (something) in time.
    Proceed: begin a course of action.
    Dissipate: (with reference to a feeling or emotion) disappear or cause to disappear.
    Seize: take hold of suddenly and forcibly.
    Hence, option C i.e. agree and accord are synonym pair of concur.

     

  5. Collude
    Conspire: Connive
    Emancipate: Engage
    Masticate: Mitigate
    Pander: Parry
    Purge: Purport
    Option A
    The meanings of the words are:
    Collude: cooperate in a secret or unlawful way in order to deceive or gain an advantage over others.
    Conspire: make secret plans jointly to commit an unlawful or harmful act.
    Connive: secretly allow (something immoral, illegal, or harmful) to occur.
    Emancipate: set free, especially from legal, social, or political restrictions.
    Engage: occupy or attract (someone’s interest or attention).
    Masticate: chew (food).
    Mitigate: make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
    Pander: gratify or indulge (an immoral or distasteful desire or taste or a person with such a desire or taste).
    Parry: ward off (a weapon or attack) with a countermove.
    Purge: rid (someone or something) of an unwanted quality, condition, or feeling.
    Purport: appear to be or do something, especially falsely.
    Hence, option A i.e. conspire and connive are synonym pair of collude.

     

  6. Directions(6-8): Select the phrase/connector (it must be at the start) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.

  7. Today Seema would complete her task.I am quite sure of it.
    I. I am quite sure that
    II. I would be sure
    III. Having completed the task
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and III
    None of these
    Option A
    I am quite sure that Seema would complete her task today.

     

  8. (a) Her mother warned her not to talk to any new or unknown person.
    (b) She told her not to accept any offering from a stranger.
    I. Although
    II. Nevertheless
    III. Not Only
    Both I and II
    Only III
    Only I
    Both II and III
    None of these
    Option B
    Not only did her mother warned her not to talk to any new or unknown person but also told her not to accept any offering from a stranger.

     

  9. (a) The route to Mussourie is all blocked and has become quite arduous.
    (b) There is lack of proper road network and the tourists have to depend on air service for any help.
    I. Whereas
    II. The route to…as
    III. The route to..due to
    Both I and II
    Only I
    Both II and III
    Only III
    None of these
    Option
    – The route to Mussourie is all blocked and has become quite arduous as there is lack of proper road network and the tourists have to depend on air service for any help.
    – The route to Mussourie is all blocked and has become quite arduous due to lack of proper road network and the tourists have to depend on air service for any help.

     

  10. Directions(9-10): The following questions have two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits in the context of the sentence.

  11. The river in full ________ was witness to rituals performed by newly-weds ________ older women.
    flowing, and
    flow, of
    flowing, but
    flow, and
    flows, of
    Option D
    In full flow means filled with a lot of water. And is most appropriate for second blank.
    The river in full flow was witness to rituals performed by newly-weds and older women.

     

  12. A journalist ________ unkindly remarked that there was nothing to Kolkata other ________ its heritage and its glorious past.
    Ago, to
    Once, than
    Long, from
    Did, to
    Made, than
    Option B
    A journalist once unkindly remarked that there was nothing to Kolkata other than its heritage and its glorious past.

     

 

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