Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 364

Directions(1-2): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence alternatives to the bracketed part are given at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E) i.e. ‘No correction required’.

  1. According to investment bank Morgan Stanley, up to two million Australians are (exposed to the most affected industries) such as tourism, retail and hospitality.
    exposed to the most affected industries
    exposed to most affected industries
    exposed to the most effected industries
    exposed to most effected industries
    No correction required
    Option E

     

  2. Money managers have been forced to offload anything and everything they can to raise cash, (resulting on a huge shortage of money).
    resulting at a huge shortage of money
    resulting by a huge shortage of money
    resulting across a huge shortage of money
    resulting in a huge shortage of money
    No correction required
    Option D
    The emboldened segment is erroneous.
    The error is in the incorrect usage of the preposition ‘on’. The correct preposition which follows ‘result’ is ‘in’.
    Thus, option D is the correct answer.

     

  3. Directions(3-7): In the given question, a statement with a blank has been given, followed by three words out of which more than one can complete the sentence grammatically and contextually. Find the word (s) which can fill the blank and choose the option accordingly.

  4. Pakistan has ___________India for starting the construction of the Ram temple at the site of Babri Masjid in Ayodhya.
    I) criticised
    II) arraigned
    III) expelled
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both II & III
    Both I & II
    Option E
    The words ‘criticised’ and ‘arraigned’ both are synonymous words. They mean ‘indicate the faults of someone or something in a disapproving way’.
    On the other hand, the word ‘expelled’ means to ‘officially make someone leave a school or other organization’. It does not make any sense if used in the given blank.
    Thus, both I and II only fit the given blank.

     

  5. Thoughts may ______________, but it’s within your power to return to your focus to a religious icon, a helpful saying, or the simple rise and fall of your chest.
    I) Wander
    II) Wonder
    III) Distracts
    Only II
    Only I
    Only III
    Both I & II
    Both I & III
    Option B
    ‘Wander’ means walk or move in a leisurely or aimless way. Here, ‘thoughts wandering’ means the experience of thoughts not remaining on a single topic for a long period of time. ‘Wonder’ means a feeling of amazement and admiration, caused by something beautiful, remarkable, or unfamiliar. ‘Distracts’ means prevent (someone) from concentrating on something.
    Therefore, the word that correctly fits here is ‘wander’.

     

  6. Distraction is the process of _________________ the attention of an individual or group from a desired area of focus and thereby blocking or diminishing the reception of desired information.
    I) Diverting
    II) Distancing
    III) Deviating
    Only II
    Only I
    Only III
    Both I & II
    Both I & III
    Option B
    To divert means to shift or turn from one thing to another. ‘Deviate’ means depart from an established course. ‘Distancing’ means make (someone or something) far off or remote in position or nature.
    Therefore, the word that correctly fits here is ‘diverting’.

     

  7. ______________ web surfing, watching videos, playing games, or checking news feeds can lead to lower productivity at work or school and isolate you for hours at a time.
    I) Compulsive
    II) Obsessive
    III) Narcotic
    Only II
    Only I
    Only III
    Both I & II
    Both I & III
    Option D
    ‘Obsessive’ and ‘Compulsive’ means the same i.e. resulting from or relating to an irresistible urge. ‘Narcotic’ means an addictive drug affecting mood or behavior, especially an illegal one.
    Therefore, the word that correctly fits here are ‘obsessive’ and ‘compulsive’.

     

  8. Maria pulled out a piece of ___________ and wrote a letter.
    I) Stationary
    II) Letter head
    III) Stationery
    Only I
    Only III
    Both I & II
    Only II
    Both II & III
    Option E
    Option A gets ruled out as the word “Stationary” is an adjective and it means not moving or standing still. Now consider option B – “Stationery”, which is a noun and means paper for writing, perfectly fits into the sentence. We know that “letter head” is also an official paper, and as the question says “piece of___” which can take singular noun therefore “letter head” also fits well contextually. Therefore the correct answer is E.

     

  9. Directions(8-10): Given below are three statements, of which some may be incorrect. Identify the correct statement(s).

  10. I. The accused requested to the judge for mercy after confessing his crimes.
    II. The accused appealed to the judge for mercy after confessing his crimes.
    III. The accused climbed to the judge for mercy after confessing his crimes.
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and II
    All of these
    Option B
    Only sentence II is error free. But let us take a look at the errors in sentence I and III.
    Statement I. The word ‘requested’ can take two prepositions – ‘for’ to define what is it for and ‘by’ to define who initiated it. The context is altogether different, so here no preposition is required in the sentence after ‘requested’.
    Statement III. The sentence is absurd as nobody climbs to the judge for mercy.
    An appeal means that one of the parties is requesting that the decision in your case be looked at again by a higher court. In other words, they are arguing that something went wrong with the first decision and that it should be changed. In most cases, the appeals process is somewhat limited.

     

  11. I. The more careful a student is, the fewer mistakes he makes.
    II. The more careful a student is, fewer the mistakes he makes.
    III. The more careful a student is, the few mistakes he makes.
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and II
    All of these
    Option A

     

  12. I. After a long trial at the high court, the criminal was hanged last night.
    II. After a long trial at the high court, the criminal had hung last night.
    III. After a long trial at the high court, the criminal was hung last night.
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and II
    All of these
    Option A

     

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