Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam — Set 371

Directions(1-3): In the given question, four words are given, of which two are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning. Find the two words and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct combination.

  1. A) Bizarre
    B) Indolent
    C) intrepid
    D) eerie
    B-C
    A-D
    B-D
    A-C
    A-B
    Option B
    Bizarre— strange or unusual
    Indolent— lazy or inactive
    Intrepid— brave or fearless
    Eerie— strange or frightening
    A and D are synonyms, thus, option B is the correct answer.

     

  2. A) Pristine
    B) Corpulent
    C) Fervent
    D) Stout
    B-C
    A-B
    C-D
    A-C
    B-D
    Option E
    Pristine— unspoiled, clean
    Corpulent— a fat or obese person
    Fervent— passionate or serious or intense
    Stout— a fat or heavy built person
    B and D are synonyms, thus, option E is the correct answer.

     

  3. A) Strident
    B) Dulcet
    C) Staunch
    D) Tedious
    A – B
    A – C
    B – D
    C – D
    B – C
    Option A
    Strident— a loud or harsh voice
    Dulcet— a sweet and soothing voice
    Staunch— very loyal or devoted
    Tedious— boring or dull or tiresome

     

  4. Directions(4-8): Given below are three statements, of which some may be incorrect. Identify the incorrect statement(s) and choose the appropriate option.

  5. I. Participation not only involves the formal sharing of decisions but also involves the actively participation of the members in order to reach a conclusion.
    II. Through anticipation, individuals or organizations consider trends and make plans, shielding institutions from the trauma of learning by shock.
    III. Innovative learning involves both anticipation and participation.
    Only I
    Both I & III
    Both I & II
    Both II & III
    None of the above
    Option A
    The error lies in the first statement.
    The adverb ‘actively’ needs to be replaced with the adjective ‘active’ because it qualifies the word ‘participation’ which is a noun.

     

  6. I. Its current was very powerful and could take away big tree trunks so people avoided the river.
    II. There were some children, playing on the banks of river Yamuna, forgetting the danger that lay ahead.
    III. In the forest of Madhubani, there is big lake which attracts many tourists.
    Only I
    Both II & III
    Only II
    Both I & III
    None of the above
    Option B
    The error lies in statements II and III.
    In sentence II, definite article ‘the’ should be used before “river Yamuna” for referring to the specified river where some danger prevailed.
    In sentence III, the article ‘a’ is missing before the word ‘big’ that should come before the word “lake” as the article is necessary as it is talking about one lake.

     

  7. I. This documents, which are the products of civilization, try to provide legal protections for the most elemental features of civilization.
    II. These documents, which are the products of civilization, try to provide legal protections for the most elemental features of civilizations.
    III. These documents, which are the products of civilization, try to provide legal protections for the most elemental features of the civilization.
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and II
    All of these
    Option C
    Statement I is incorrect as the plural ‘documents’ should be preceded by the plural ‘these’ instead of the singular ‘this’ to maintain pronoun antecedent agreement. The mentioned ‘documents’ are the products of a singular civilization as per the statement. Thus, they cannot be the ‘elemental features’ of several civilizations as in statement II making the usage of the plural ‘civilizations’ incorrect. Statement III is correct making option C the correct answer.

     

  8. I. All rooms are on the same level with a wood beamed lounge, spacious yet retaining that cottage cosy atmosphere.
    II. All rooms are on the same level with a wood beamed lounge, spacious yet retaining that cosy cottage atmosphere.
    III. All rooms are in the same level with a wood beamed lounge, spacious yet retaining that cosy cottage atmosphere.
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and III
    All of these
    Option B
    Statement I is incorrect as the adjective ‘cosy’ should come before the noun it is describing i.e., ‘cottage’ . Statement II is grammatically correct. Statement III is incorrect because of the wrong use of the preposition ‘in’. ‘In’ is used to convey that something is contained or inside. The correct preposition to be used here is ‘on’ as it is used to denote a position for surfaces or a position just above or outside an area. Thus, option B is the correct answer.

     

  9. I. Children at this stage also, mete out justice in an eye-for-an-eye manner or according to Golden Rule logic.
    II. Children at this stage also, meet out justice in an eye-for-an-eye manner or according to Golden Rule logic.
    III. Children at this stage also, meat out justice in an eye-for-an-eye manner or according to Golden Rule logic.
    Only I
    Only II
    Only III
    Both I and III
    All of these
    Option A
    ‘Mete’, ‘meet’ and ‘meat’ are homophones. ‘Mete’ means dispense or allot justice, a punishment, or harsh treatment. ‘Meet’ means arrange or happen to come into the presence or company of (someone). ‘Meat’ means the flesh of an animal, typically a mammal or bird, as food. As per the context of the given statements, only statement I has the proper use of the homophone ‘mete’.

     

  10. Directions(9-10): In the given question, four words are printed in bold and are numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4 . Of these, the positions of two words may be incorrect and need to be exchanged to make the sentence correct. Find the two words which need to be exchanged. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., ‘No correction required’.

  11. The one Gandhian idea(1) I fell in love with and work(2) into adult life was the idea that a satyagrahi(3) must first carried(4) on themselves.
    1-2
    2-3
    1-3
    2-4
    No correction required
    Option D

     

  12. If the borrow(1) rises, the government(2) will have to deficit(3) more from the bond market.(4)
    1-2
    2-3
    1-3
    2-4
    No correction required
    Option C

     

 

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