Directions(1-5): In the given question, four words are given of which two are most nearly the same or opposite in meaning. Find the two words and indicate your answer by marking the option which represents the correct combination.
- a) Vulnerable
d) Chambera-cc-db-cb-da-dOption A
The word ‘vulnerable’ refers to the possibility of being harmed.
The word ‘rich’ means being wealthy and existing in abundance.
The word ‘guarded’ means being cautious.
The word ‘chamber’ means space and a room.
- a) Impiety
d) Loyaltyc-da-db-da-cb-cOption B
The word ‘impiety’ means a lack of reverence, piety, or belief in something.
The word ‘assertion’ means a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief. It also refers to the action of asserting something.
The word ‘resource’ refers to a stock or supply of money, materials, staff, and other assets that can be drawn on by a person or organization in order to function effectively.
The word ‘loyalty’ refers to the quality of being loyal.
(D) HallmarkAA, BA, B, CAll A, B, C, DNone of the aboveOption D
‘Stamp’ means bring down (one’s foot) heavily on the ground or on something on the ground i.e. ‘squash’. It also means impress a pattern or mark on (a surface, object, or document) using an engraved or inked block or die i.e. ‘imprint’. It also means a characteristic or distinctive impression or quality i.e. ‘hallmark’. It also means to crush or pulverize (ore).
(D) TombA,B, DB, C, DB, DA, C, DAll A, B, C, DOption C
The word ‘grave’ has multiple meanings. It means something which is a cause for alarm; serious or solemn in manner or appearance.
It also means a hole dug in the ground to receive a coffin or dead body, typically marked by a stone or mound i.e. tomb’. ‘Elegance’ means the quality of being graceful and stylish in appearance or manner. ‘Ennoble’ means lend greater dignity or nobility of character to.
(D) NurtureA,B, CB, C, DC, DA, C, DA, B, DOption E
‘Raise’ means to lift or move something to a higher position or level i.e. ‘elevate’. It also means increasing the amount, level, or strength of i.e. ‘inflate’. It also means to bring up i.e. ‘nurture’. But ‘upsurge’ means an increase in number, size, amount, or degree i.e. ‘rise’.
Note: When compared as nouns, ‘raise’ particularly means an increase in salary (the amount of increase doesn’t matter), while ‘upsurge’ (which is particularly a noun) emphasizes on the sudden or large increase in something. The emphasis is on the suddenness. The synonym of ‘upsurge’ is ‘rise’ and not ‘raise’.
The government of that country colluded with the enemies to wipe out all the big powers of the world.The principal colluded the student who broke rules.The collusion of the car and truck claimed 6 lives.The collusion of her school education was immense.None of the aboveOption A
The word ‘collude’ is a verb. It means ‘cooperate in a secret or unlawful way in order to deceive or gain an advantage over others’.
In option ‘b’, the correct usage will be ‘scolded’.
In option ‘c’, the correct usage will be ‘collision’.
In option ‘d’, the correct usage will be ‘contribution’.
She was intrigued by Pailan’s gesture.Shyamoli said that it is an intriguing topic.The mystery book written by Dr. Klein was very intriguing.The intrigues slowly faded as the day progressed.All of the aboveOption E
In option ‘a’, the correct usage will be ‘intrigued’. The past participle form is used here.
In option ‘b’, the correct usage will be ‘intriguing’. The present participle is used here.
In option ‘c’, the correct usage will be ‘intriguing’. The present participle is used here.
In option‘d’, the correct usage will be ‘intrigue’. The base form of the word is used here.
Javed knew that he had to shirk away this apathy.Gagan Sharma was apathied to ask the question.Apathy was abolished with the untiring efforts of Nelson Mandela.None of the aboveAll are correctOption A
The word apathy is a noun. It means lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern. The nearest synonym of apathy is ‘indifference’.
In option ‘b’, the correct usage will be ‘afraid’.
In option ‘c’, the correct usage will be ‘Apartheid’.
Benny failed to comply with the rules.She had complied her novel ‘The Three Dark Riders’.The project is on the verge of complying.None of the aboveAll are correctOption A
The word ‘comply’ means ‘to act in accordance with a wish or command’.
In option ‘b’, the correct usage will be ‘completed’.
In option ‘c’, the correct usage will be ‘completion’.
- Direction: In the question, a sentence with four words printed in bold is given. These are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words printed in bold may either be misspelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word which is wrongly spelt or inappropriate, if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in bold are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5), ie ‘No error’, as your answer.
After continous(1)/ rain many areas of the village(2)/ were flooded(3) / whereas(4)/ some remained unaffected.1234No errorOption
The error is in the first part of the statement. The spelling of ‘continous’ is incorrect. The correct spelling will be ‘continuous’ instead.
Directions(6-9): In the following question, a word is given along with its usage in sentences given in the options. Choose the option in which the use of the given word is contextually and grammatically correct.