Directions(1-6): Which of the following phrases (i), (ii), and (iii) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (E) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.
When someone is unable to afford the necessary materials to manage menstruation, (they often have turn makeshift solutions like) toilet paper or even socks.
i. they often have turn to makeshift solutions like
ii. they often have to turn to makeshift solutions like
iii. they often have to turn makeshift solutions likeOnly iOnly iiOnly iiiBoth ii and iiiNo correction requiredOption B
The highlighted text is missing two ‘to’. The first ‘to’ will come before ‘turn’ and act as a ‘to-infinitive’. The second ‘to’ would come after ‘turn’ and act as a preposition.
- Narcissists want others also to believe that they are always right because (they lack empathy for one another and want only to take and receive).
I. They lacked empathy for one another and wanted only to take and receive.
II. They lack empathy for others and want only to take and receive.
III. They lack empathy for one another or want only to take and receive.Only IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIINo correction requiredOption B
The error in the selected part is the use of the reciprocal pronoun “one another” as it should be used only when similar kind of people or race is being referred to. In the above statement, non-narcissists are being referred to, hence, pronoun “others” should be used.
- (Dance is a universal language who has the ability) to transcend politics.
I. Dance is a universal language that has the ability
II. Dance is a universal language having the ability
III. Dance as a universal language which has the ability inOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIINo correction requiredOption A
The error in the bold part is the use of the pronoun “who” as it is only used for referring to living beings, while in the above sentence, an abstract noun “dance” is being referred to. Thus, “that” should be used instead of “who”.
Note that this sentence will not take ‘which’ also because the latter part is a defining clause and the information given is important to understand the meaning.
- At the arrival of the FBI, the (miscreants took towards their hills but failed) to evade the police.
i. miscreants beat a hasty retreat, but failed
ii. miscreants took off to their hills, but failed
iii. miscreants took to their heels, but failedOnly iBoth i and iiiOnly iiiOnly iiNo correction requiredOption B
The correct phrase is ‘take to one’s heels’. It means ‘to run away’. But the phrase used in option A isn’t incorrect too. ‘To beat a hasty retreat’ also means to run away. So, both the options are correct.
- The recent attacks on the Jewish community represent with (frightening new reality for Jews) in the United States — and an increasing concern for members of every faith.
I. a frightening reality for Jews
II. with frightening reality of Jews
III. frightening reality along JewsBoth I and IIBoth II and IIIOnly IIIOnly INo correction is requiredOption D
The sentence speaks about the effect of attacks on Jewish community and its effect.
Part II. is incorrect since, ‘with’ implies along or together, but is incorrect to this context.
Part III. is incorrect since, ‘along’ also implies going with something, somebody somewhat similar to the above explanation.
- The BMC’s move, (when approved in a general body) meeting, will benefit over 2.83 lakh property owners, who could face increased property tax rates of up to 40 per cent.
I. when approved at a general body
II. if approved at a general body
III. if approved on a general bodyOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IINo correction requiredOption B
This is a ‘if’ statement since context is official and ‘in’ should be replaced with ‘at’ for correct preposition.
Part i. is incorrect since, ‘when’ is used which is incorrect to this context since it generally defines a time.
Part iii. is incorrect since, ‘on’ is an incorrect preposition to use which means over the generally body is different to the context.
The Saharanpur police suspended three police personnel _______ ordered departmental probe against them.AfterAsAndAlthoughBeforeOption C
After is a conjunction during the period of time following (an event).
As is a conjunction used to indicate that something happens during the time when something else is taking place.
Although is a conjunction which is used in spite of the fact that; even though.
And is a conjunction used to connect words of the same part of speech, clauses, or sentences that are to be taken jointly.
In the sentence ‘suspended’ and ‘probe’ are to be taken jointly as they are against the same three police personnel.
- Lata could not get Shreya the best services in the hospital _______ she had paid the fee in advance.
Even thoughNow thatThereforeWhetherNonethelessOption A
The correct phrase to be used in the sentence is “even though” as it means despite the fact that. The sentence means to say that Lata could not get Shreya the best service despite that fact that she has paid the hospital bills in advance.
- To get the result we need to ________ as it is not an easy task.
Explore all avenuesFast track somethingDeliver the goodsCut the ground from under feetChase your tailOption A
The meanings of the idioms are:
A. Trying every possibility to get a result
B. Rating something higher in the priority list
C. Do what is expected or promised
D. Weaken one’s position
E. Spending a lot of time and energy on a lot of things but achieving too little
- Many of us believe that science is something modern ______ the truth is otherwise.
unlessthoughifas ifdespiteOption B
The first part of the sentence presents a fact which is believed by many people. The second part contrasts to what is believed. So, the correct word is “though” which means “but”.
Directions(7-10): In the following question, a sentence is given with a blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative from the options.