Directions(1-5): In the given question, two columns I and II and three sentences are given, which are divided into two parts. Column I (A, B and C) consists of first half of each sentence and Column II (D, E and F) consists of second half of each sentence. Match column I with column II, so that the sentences formed are both meaningful and grammatically correct. Choose the option as your answer.
A. Anticipating newer threats
B. The nature of threats is such that
C. As problems become more complicated
D. it continues to evolve all the time.
E. if not downright dangerous.
F. is partly facilitated by today’s technology.A-FA-F & B-DA-DC-D & A-FC-DOption B
A. People abandon homes mostly when livelihoods evaporate
B. The colour of water in Maharashtra’s Lonar Lake has changed
C. The government is framing technical regulations and quality norms for several
D. to pink with experts attributing it to the salinity and presence of algae in it.
E. and when the only alternative is hunger.
F. product to reduce dependence on Chinese imports.B-E and C-FA-E, B-D and C-FA-D and B-EB-FA-E and B-DOption E
A. Her sensitivity and her distinct sensibility was born
B. Severe economic downturn coupled with Mr. Erdogan’s authoritarianism has
C. It hardly mattered whether unfounded suspicion, bred by professional jealousy,
D. genesis of a silent yet robust modernist potter.
E. banks have each developed an ombudsman scheme.
F. had a visibly negative impact on his popularity.B-E and C-FB-FA-E and B-DB-F, C-EA-D and C-FOption B
A. In spite of significant improvements in data gathering and
B. Prolonged breaks, or an absence of rainfall,
C. June is the month during which the monsoon sets in and that
D. daily rainfall drop below its historical normal.
E. can even lead to drought.
F. process can sometimes be delayed for as much as a week.B-E and C-FA-E, B-D and C-FA-E and B-DB-FA-E and C-FOption A
A. Nasik is called the grape capital of India, with more
B. The world’s growing fascination with natural remedies, traditional and
C. The budgetary allocation for alternative medicines has doubled
D. grapes need to be quickly processed or stored properly.
E. alternative medicines and herbs augurs well for India.
F. since the present government has come to power.B-E and C-FA-E, B-D and C-FA-E and B-DB-FA-E and C-FOption A
- On a lark
I. On a lark he decided to take a trip along the Seine.
II. The sudden paycheck came on a lark.
III. After leading a life organised by checklists, he decided on a lark to spend his retirement savings on a boat.Only IBoth I and IIBoth I and IIIBoth I and IIIAll I, II, and IIIOption D
The idiom ‘on a lark’ means to act on a whim.
This meaning makes the idiom appropriate for sentence I since it shows an intuitive action. Similarly, in sentence III, the idiom contrasts the action of the subject to his general lifestyle, where the mention of the word ‘checklist’ suggest that every action is well thought out.
The phrase is not applicable in statement II since a paycheck cannot be whimsical. But if it is coming at a time of crisis, it may be a ‘blessing in disguise’.
- Make a long story short
I. To make a long story short, the faux pas resulted in the company losing the deal.
II. He was given a well-deserved promotion since he was working on making a long story short.
III. He made a long story short by restarting the project altogether.Only IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIIAll I, II, and IIIOption A
‘To make a long story short’ is to tell something briey or concisely. As such, the idiom makes contextual sense only in statement I.
In statement II, a more appropriate idiom will be ‘on the ball’, meaning doing a good job.
In statement III, a more appropriate idiom will be ‘go back to the drawing board’, which means beginning something all over again.
- Hang in there
I. Despite the constant failures, the student decided to hang in there until he could see positive results.
II. Returning home exhausted, he decided to hang in there as soon as possible.
III. The minister decided to hang in there despite losing the popular vote.Only IBoth I and IIIOnly IIBoth I and IIAll I, II, and IIIOption B
To ‘hang in there’ is to not give up on something. As such, the idiom fit statements I and III accurately.
In statement II, a more appropriate idiom will be to ‘hit the sack’, meaning to go to sleep.
1) How many people desert from the army last year?
2) The desert of the Sinai Peninsula is a harsh place.
3) I have no intention of being part of a cultural desert.Only 2 & 3Only 2Only 1 & 2All 1, 2 & 3Only 3Option A
The meanings of the word ‘desert’ as used in the above sentences are as follows:
1) abandon (a person, cause, or organization) in a way considered disloyal or treacherous
2) a water-less, desolate area of land with little or no vegetation, typically one covered with sand
3) The cultural desert is an idiomatic phrase which means any place or a situation that is considered dull and uninteresting.
1) The government may posture indifference, but they have a vested interest in increasing investment in neighbouring countries.
2) A new survey finds many of us are not concerned about poor posture, even though it can have a big impact on the body.
3) In the backdrop of China’s amicable posture, India has adopted a hostile regional posture loathed by many in the region.Only 1Only 2Both 1 and 2Both 2 and 3All 1, 2 and 3Option E
The meanings of the word in different contexts are:
a) (as a noun) the position in which someone holds their body when standing or sitting.
b) (as a verb) adopt (a particular attitude) so as to impress or mislead.
c) (as a noun) a particular approach or attitude.
Directions(6-10): In the following question, three statements have been given, and a phrase/idiom has been highlighted in each of them. Identify the statement(s) in which the phrase/idiom fits contextually to convey a logical meaning.