Directions(1-6): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence alternatives to the bracketed part are given at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E) i.e. “No correction required”.
- The brain uses a number of chemicals as messengers (to communicate with other parts of itself) and within the nervous system.
to communicate with other parts of themselfto communicate to other parts of itselfto communicate with another parts of itselfto communicate with another parts of themselfNo correction requiredOption E
- He founded museums, libraries and schools, and inaugurated scholarships and a fund from which deserving scholars (desirous to study in) England and America could obtain their expenses.
desirous of study indesirous on study indesirous in studydesirous of studying inNo correction requiredOption D
- Endowed with a phenomenal memory, Ronald Smith’s column was awaited anxiously by many who wanted (to accompany them on his walk down) the memory lane.
to accompany her on his walk downto accompany their on his walk downto accompany him on his walk downto accompany they are on his walk downNo correction requiredOption C
- Businesses should reflect on the changes their (respective industries are likely to underwent).
respective industries are likely to have undergorespective industries are likely to have been underwentrespective industries are likely to be undergoes.respective industries are likely to undergoNo correction requiredOption D
- (Since it takes long) to return a product to an online store than it does to a local shop, this becomes a deciding factor for consumers on where to make the purchase.
Since it took longerSince it takes longerAs it takes longFor it takes longNo correction requiredOption B
- Consequently, the roles of the agents were filled by CIA officers (who’s identity was) not revealed to the Russians.
Who’s identity wereWhose identity wasWho’s identities wereWhose identities wereNo correction requiredOption D
The jury took five days to bias on the case.My mom made a milkshake with bias bananas and chocolate sauce.Countries like the USA and the UK have both enacted specific laws that provide for bias as an integral part of the legal definition of certain offences.Karl Marx actually thought that under capitalism poets would be able toNone of the aboveOption C
The word bias mean: unfairly prejudiced for or against someone or something.
Option A, the correct usage will be ‘decide/deliberate’.
Option B, bananas can’t be bias. It must be raw or ripe.
Option D, one cannot bias wages, but you can pay wages.
The rule prevents sellers from short a stock.This shorter film on YouTube, is sure to leave you in tears.All too often Umesh Yadav pitches the ball shorter.He has a shorted memory for past misdeeds.None of the aboveOption E
In option A, the correct usage will be “shorting” (Verb). The sentence gives the idea that sell (stocks or other securities or commodities) in advance of acquiring them, with the aim of making a profit when the price falls. We need a present participle here.
In option B, the correct usage will be “short” (Adjective). ‘Film’ is a noun here and we use adjectives to modify nouns. Thus, ‘short’ will be the correct usage.
In option C, the correct usage will be “short” (Adverb). Here ‘short’ is used to mean ‘not as far as the point aimed at; not far enough’.
In option D, the correct usage will be “short” (Adjective). ‘Memory’ is a noun here and we use adjectives to modify nouns. Thus, ‘short’ will be the correct usage.
We would prefer to charge the position with a recent graduate.Smoking is likely to charge your health permanently.The doctors were worried that he might have suffered charge.You need to have agile fingers to do this kind of charge.None of the aboveOption E
In option A, the correct usage will be ‘fill’ (to give a job or position to someone). Note that we never charge a position, instead we can fill a position that may be vacant.
In option B, the correct usage will be ‘damage’ (Verb: to harm or spoil something).
In option C, the correct usage will be ‘damage’ (Noun: harm or injury).
In option D, the correct usage will be ‘work’ (Noun: an activity, such as a job, that a person uses physical or mental effort to do, usually for money)
- Direction: A sentence with two blanks is given, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the words that best fit in the given blanks making the sentence grammatically correct and meaningful.
The pilot knew she would be able to see the __________ lights of the city from her cockpit window, but she; would not see the fireworks explode to welcome the new year as she would have __________ to cruising altitude.few, soareddivine, escalateglistening, jumpedshining, reachedglittering, climbedOption A
The sentence clearly tries to convey the sense that on the new year’s eve, the subject ‘she’ who is a pilot on duty, would not be able to fireworks explode as she would be flying and on the contrary would just be able to see some or sparkling light from the cockpit window.
Now for the first blank we need something to match the meaning of ‘some’ or in less amount or shining. The only word matching it is ‘few’. In this way we would be left with four options A,C, D, E. Now looking at the second blank we notice that as she is on duty and she would be flying to another altitude at that moment. We need a word synonymous to ‘fly’.. Of the given options only ‘soared’ which means fly or rise high in the air fits the place appropriately, making option A as the correct answer.
Directions(7-9): In the following question, a word is given along with its usage in sentences given in the options. Choose the option in which the use of the given word is contextually and grammatically correct.