Mixed English Questions for upcoming Exam — Set 416

Directions(1-7): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the given alternatives.

  1. The exit poll is a post-voting poll, which is __(1)__ (taken) just after a voter walks out after casting his or her vote. Such polls aim at __(2)__ (predicting) the actual result
    on the basis of the information collected from voters. They are taken by a number of organizations. The basic step to predict exit polls is sampling.
    Section 126A of the Representation of the People’s Act, 1951, puts a __(3)__ (disallow) on exit polls from the period between the __(4)__ (beginning) of the poll until half
    an hour after the closing of the final phase of the poll. Exit polls have often proved to be __(5)__ (unreliable) in India. In the past, there had been __(6)__ (events) when
    exit polls had predicted the __(7)__ (resulting decision) of an election incorrectly. In 2004, the exit polls wrongly predicted the BJP-led NDA __(8)__ (political alliance)
    winning again.

    Option C
    conducted – organize and carry out.
    contrived – deliberately created rather than arising naturally or spontaneously.
    convivial – friendly, lively, and enjoyable.
    contradicted – deny the truth of (a statement) by asserting the opposite.
    conflated- combine (two or more sets of information, texts, ideas, etc.) into one.


  2. bulging
    Option D
    gauging – judge or assess (a situation, mood, etc.).
    bulging – swelling outwards; protruding.
    decimating – kill, destroy, or remove a large proportion of.
    pulverizing – reduce to fine particles.
    calculated- (of an action) done with full awareness of the likely consequences.


  3. veto
    Option E
    ban – an official or legal prohibition.
    veto – a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a lawmaking body.
    embargo – an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
    block- an act of blocking someone or something.
    blockade- an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.


  4. commensurate
    Option B
    commencement- the beginning of something.
    commensurate – corresponding in size or degree; in proportion.
    consecrate – dedicate formally to a religious purpose.
    confiscate – take or seize (someone’s property) with authority.
    cumulative- increasing or increased in quantity, degree, or force by successive additions.


  5. fidget
    Option C
    fickle- changing too frequently to be constant
    fidget – a state of mental or physical restlessness or unease.
    furtive – attempting to avoid notice or attention, typically because of guilt.
    futile- incapable of producing any useful result; pointless.
    facile- easily achieved; effortless.


  6. impulses
    Option D
    instances- an example or single occurrence of something.
    impulses- a sudden strong and unreflective urge or desire to act.
    instants – a very short time; a moment.
    extant – still in existence; surviving.
    expulse- to expel or drive out, esp in a violent manner.


  7. predict
    Option C
    verdict – a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
    predict – say or estimate that (a specified thing) will happen in the future
    premonition – a strong feeling that something is about to happen.
    prophecy- a prediction of what will happen in the future.
    process- a series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular end.


  8. Directions(8-10): Complete the paragraph given below with the appropriate options.

  9. In the 1990s, the Gujarat government directed industries to employ 80 percent local people. The state, however, stopped short of enacting legislation on the issue,
    anticipating legal problems. ________ Some other states have used criteria such as language tests to accord preference to local people. But the dearth of jobs in several
    sectors in the past two years seems to have made the nativist sentiment much more strident and conspicuous.

    A 2008 Maharashtra government policy — still in operation — requires industries that seek subsidies to employ 80 per cent local people.
    But state-level protectionism is problematic.
    Exigencies created by the economic downturn and the pandemic are, no doubt, compelling.
    State governments need to talk amongst themselves and with each other to address current insecurities.
    A significant body of work has also underlined the role of labour fluidity in introducing skills, spurring innovation and enriching the cultural fabric of different regions.
    Option A


  10. Labour migration is a central phenomenon in South Asia, where a large number of citizens of various countries in the region (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal,
    Bhutan, Maldives and Afghanistan) are continuously on the move, essentially in search of a living. ______ Some of them travel across borders. The countries in South Asia
    have many commonalities in their migration profiles.
    Though employment prospects and higher wages boost such migration, the most palpable driving force is the deepening employment-crisis in rural labour markets.
    The recent spike in rural distress throughout the region is destabilising the erstwhile rhythms of seasonality in rural-urban migration.
    Internal migration is a striking feature for all South Asian countries.
    A good chunk of these job seekers move within their countries.
    The governance frameworks of migration in South Asian countries are also influenced by gendered notions.
    Option D


  11. In 2016, 193 countries came together to sign an aspirational agenda of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – for all of humankind, including the most marginalised
    children. Among the 17 SDGs that were agreed upon, SDG 4 focused on education. ____________ This, of course, is also a necessary condition for people to improve
    their wellbeing and that of future generations. SDG 4 is, therefore, crucial for the attainment of all the other SDGs.
    The “Learning Crisis” threatened the attainment of SDGs well before COVID 19 made a landfall.
    The pandemic has impacted the education of more than 300 million children.
    However, the right to quality, inclusive and safe education should not be undermined even during emergencies.
    SDG-4’s goal is to “Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning”.
    In fact, SDG 4.7 states that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development.
    Option D


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