Mixed English Questions for upcoming Exam — Set 419

Directions(1-8): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been highlighted for your attention.

  1. The Election Commission (EC) allots telecast and broadcast time to political parties for carrying out their election campaign on Doordarshan and All India Radio during
    elections. I had submitted my speech to Doordarshan for vetting sufficiently in advance. It was only when I reached the office to record my speech that I was told that a
    paragraph of the speech referring to the nexus between the RSS and the NDA would have to be revised, apparently because it was ‘criticism based on unverified
    allegation’. As this censoring of speech is against the basic tenets of democracy, I decided not to record my speech.
    According to the order passed by the EC while allotting broadcast time to political parties on Doordarshan, the following should be avoided in speeches: criticism of other
    countries; attack on religions/communities; anything obscene or defamatory; incitement of violence; aspersions against the President or the judiciary; anything amounting
    to contempt of court; anything affecting the sovereignty, unity and integrity of the country; and criticism by names of persons. It is clear that the paragraph that was deemed objectionable was not covered under any of these grounds, nor was it based on unverified allegations — it is a fact that the ideological parent of the NDA is the RSS. It is also well documented that the RSS drew its basic ideology from fascist regimes. My intention was to show that the exclusionary actions of the NDA are based on its
    ideological roots.
    Section 12(2)(b) of the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 puts the onus on the broadcaster to safeguard citizens’ right to be informed freely,
    truthfully and objectively on all matters of public interest, and to present a fair and balanced flow of information including contrasting views without advocating any opinion or ideology of its own. It is not enough to claim that the committee that reviewed the speech is an independent body; it must also be seen to be impartial.

    Which of the sentences given below summarizes the key idea of the passage?

    People hope that media will take note of the violation of the freedom to talk about issues plaguing the country.
    The committee that reviews political speeches should not only claim to be fair but be seen as fair.
    The exclusionary actions of the NDA are based on its ideological roots.
    It is a well documented fact that the RSS draws its basic ideology from fascist regimes.
    None of the above
    Option B
    The given passage talks about the incident that happened with the author in which he was told to edit his political speech which was not at all defying the order passed by
    the EC. So the author is trying to convey that these committees that review political speeches should not only assert to be fair but should also act fairly when it comes to
    real life.

     

  2. Which of the following words is the most similar in meaning to the word ‘defamatory’ as given in the passage?
    Cleave
    Emollient
    Calumnious
    Requisition
    Happiness
    Option C
    ‘Cleave’ means ‘to separate or cut with a tool’.
    ‘Emollient’ means ‘a substance with a soothing effect when applied to the skin’
    ‘Calumnious’ means ‘false and defamatory statements’.
    ‘Requisition’ means ‘an authoritative request or demand’.

     

  3. Which of the following words is the most similar in meaning to the word ‘regimes’ as given in the passage?
    Turpitude
    Ubiquitous
    Veracity
    Cognizant
    Mechanism
    Option E
    ‘Turpitude’ means ‘a corrupt practice’.
    ‘Ubiquitous’ means ‘to be present everywhere at once’.
    ‘Veracity’ means ‘unwillingness to tell lies’.
    ‘Cognizant’ means ‘having or showing knowledge’.
    ‘Mechanism’ means ‘a natural or established process by which something takes place’.

     

  4. Which of the following words is the most opposite in meaning to the word ‘aspersions’ as given in the passage?
    Commensurate
    Garrulous
    Mendacious
    Eulogise
    Trenchant
    Option
    ‘Commensurate’ means ‘to correspond in size’.
    ‘Garrulous’ means ‘full of trivial conversation’.
    ‘Mendacious’ means ‘given to lying’.
    ‘Eulogise’ means ‘to praise someone highly in speech or writing’.
    ‘Trenchant’ means ‘having keenness and forcefulness and penetration in thought’.

     

  5. Which of the following stands false as per the reading of the given passage?
    Section 12(2)(b) of the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 puts the burden on the broadcaster to safeguard citizens’ right to be informed freely, truthfully and objectively on all matters of political interest, and to present a fair and balanced flow of information including contrasting views without advocating any opinion or ideology of its own.
    Section 12(2)(b) of the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 puts the responsibility on the broadcaster to safeguard citizens’ right to be informed freely, truthfully and objectively on all matters of public interest, and to present a fair and balanced flow of information including contrasting views without advocating any opinion or ideology of its own.
    Section 12(2)(b) of the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 puts the liability on the broadcaster to safeguard citizens’ right to be informed freely, truthfully and objectively on all matters of public interest, and to present a fair and balanced flow of information including contrasting views without promoting any opinion or ideology of its own.
    Section 12(2)(b) of the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 puts the obligation on the broadcaster to safeguard citizens’ right to be enlightened freely, truthfully and objectively on all matters of public interest, and to present a fair and balanced flow of information including differing views without advocating any opinion or ideology of its own.
    None of the above
    Option A
    The passage says ‘Section 12(2)(b) of the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 puts the onus on the broadcaster to safeguard citizens’ right to be
    informed freely, truthfully and objectively on all matters of public interest, and to present a fair and balanced flow of information including contrasting views without
    advocating any opinion or ideology of its own’.

     

  6. According to the order passed by the Election Commission, which of the following should be avoided in speeches while allotting broadcast time to political parties on
    Doordarshan?
    Anything that is decent.
    Anything that influences the communal rights of a country.
    Denunciation of other countries.
    Censorship of violence.
    All of the above
    Option C
    The passage talks of the following terms and conditions laid down by the EC: ‘criticism of other countries; attack on religions/communities; anything obscene or defamatory;
    incitement of violence; aspersions against the President or the judiciary; anything amounting to contempt of court; anything affecting the sovereignty, unity and integrity of
    the country; and criticism by names of persons.’

     

  7. Redacting of any kind of speech is against the _______.
    Basic principle of autonomy
    Doctrine of self-government
    Basic canon of anti-dictatorship
    Precept of democracy
    All of the above
    Option E
    The passage says ‘As this censoring of speech is against the basic tenets of democracy, I decided not to record my speech.’
    All the above-mentioned options are correct as they are different terms used for ‘democracy’.

     

  8. What was the author trying to convey through his speech?
    Criticise the nexus between the RSS and the NDA based on refute assertions.
    Propagate the fact that the ideological parent of the NDA is the RSS through scabrous speech.
    Show that the exclusionary actions of the NDA are based on its ideological roots.
    Urging the viewers to stand against the fascist regimes of the RSS.
    All of the above
    Option C
    The passage says ‘My intention was to show that the exclusionary actions of the NDA are based on its ideological roots.’
    This has been correctly conveyed by only option C.

     

  9. Directions(9-10): Find out the erroneous part of the given sentence and choose the correct option.Choose ‘No error’ if the sentence is free from error.

  10. The Brexit secretary has hinted that the government could(1)/ amend its proposal to give Democratic(2)/ Unionist party an effective veto over its plan for an(3)/ alternative to
    the Irish backdrop(4)/ No error (5)

    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    Option B
    Democratic Unionist Party is the name of a party. Hence an article should be used before it. Therefore ‘The’ should be used before the word Democratic.

     

  11. Even though the Artemis programme is yet to be fully funded,(1)/ Nasa has issued a call to US companies for a lunar landing (2)/spacecraft that places the first(3)/ woman
    and the next man on the moon’s surface.(4)/ No error (5)
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    Option C
    The action that is mentioned in this sentence will be taken in the future. Therefore in the third part of the sentence, the modal ‘will’ should be added and s should be
    removed from the word place.

     

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