Directions(1-5): In the given question, a part of the sentence is printed in bold. Below the sentence, three alternatives to the bold part are given which may help improve the sentence. Choose the option that reflects the correct use of the phrase in the context of the sentence. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E), i.e., “No correction required”.
- Due to acute pollution, the lake has no longer a host for migratory birds.
I. has no longer been a host
II. is no longer a host
III. has stopped being a hostOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth II and IIINo correction requiredOption D
The error in the highlighted part of the sentence lies in mismatching of tenses between the ‘have’ verb and the noun, ‘host’. To maintain the tense of the sentence, the noun ‘host’ can be used in the present tense by putting ‘is’ before it, as in “is no longer a host. Another way of framing it would be changing the tense of the sentence to present perfect tense by using the participle ‘stopped’ with the ‘have’ verb, and rephrasing the highlighted part to ‘has stopped being a host’.
Thus, the correct answer is option D.
- With summer around the corner, American’s have weeks of sun to look forward to.
I. American’s can now have weeks of sun for looking forward to.
II. Americans have weeks of sun to look forward to
III. America can now look forward to weeks of sun.Only IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth II and IIINo correction requiredOption D
The phrase ‘with summer around the corner’, suggests that another clause is required which would describe the effect of the summer of American people or America in general, this makes both (II) and (III) correct for the blank, as it aptly mentions that America and Americans both alike can look forward to sunny days. Apostrophe’s is used for possessive nouns, and thus should not be used here.
- Nothing strikes more (fear in ones heart than being) a religious minority in a state with a declared national religion.
I. fear in one’s heart then being
II. fear in ones heart when being
III. fear in one’s heart than beingOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIINo correction requiredOption C
The error in the highlighted part of the statement lies in the omission of the apostrophe (‘) in ‘ones’. While ‘ones’ is the plural form of ‘one’, the addition of an apostrophe to it, making it ‘one’s’, transforms it into a word denoting possession, as in belonging to someone. Thus, the most appropriate change that can be made to improve the sentence is the change mentioned in option C.
- The CPCB officials was notices a formation of froth on the Yamuna as a result of discharging partially untreated sewage in the river.
I. was noticed
II. have noticed
III. was noticingOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IINo correction requiredOption B
A plural helping verb follows a plural noun. Here, ‘CPCB officials’ is in plural form, this it will take plural helping verb ‘have’. The highlighted part will be replaced with ‘have noticed’ to make it the given sentence grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence, B is the right answer choice.
- It is often necessary to take drastic steps for achieve major economic shifts and changes in the longer run.
I. for take drastic steps for achieve
II. to take drastic steps to achieve
III. to take drastic steps for achievingOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth II and IIINo correction requiredOption D
To express intention, in this case, achieving a certain goal, it is customary to use ‘to’ followed by an infinitive, ‘achieve’. Furthermore, if we look at achieving as the reason for doing a piece of work (Achieving major shifts and changes), ‘for’ can be followed by the -ing form of a verb, ‘achieving’.
Thus, to improve the sentence, the highlighted part of the sentence can either be rephrased as “to take drastic steps to achieve”, or “to take drastic steps for achieving”.
- Climate chaos is playing out in real / and those who contributed (P)/ Africa to the Arctic and beyond (Q) / least to the problem are suffering the most(R)/ time from California to the Caribbean, from (S)/.
PQRSRSPQSPRQSQPRNone of the AboveOption D
- As capital spending/ on defence continuous to fall well short of (P)/what is required,(Q)/ it is difficult to contest the premise (R)/that it needs to be bolstered (S).
QPRSQRPSQSPRQSRPNone of the aboveOption E
- While India’s hand is not as strong /as we sometimes believe it to be, (P)/ further down the road (Q)/ there might be opportunities (R)/ to leverage the international situation (S).
SPRQPRSQRSPQSPRQNone of the aboveOption B
- Unless you create productive jobs/, social protection measures (P)/ you need to provide (Q) / various risks related to health and finance (R)/ because the poor face. (S)
RQPSQPSRRQSPQRPSNone of the AboveOption B
- In a remote area of / community conserved areas (P)/ village communities are creating (Q)/ the Zunheboto district of Nagaland, (R)/ to protect their forests (S)
PSQRRQPSRPSQPSRQNone of the aboveOption B
Directions(6-10): In the given question, a statement divided into different segments is given. The first segment is fixed, rearrange the other segments to form a coherent statement. If the given statement is already arranged or the correct sequence does not match any of the given sequence, mark (e). i.e., “None of the above” as your answer.