Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam— Set 123

 

Directions(1-5): In each of the following questions a passage is given in which there is a blank. Choose the most logical and appropriate option from the five options given that can be filled in the blank.

  1. Most of the debate right now is on whether bitcoins are a bubble inevitably floating towards the pinprick of reality. I have often heard people talk about bitcoin in terms of its market capitalization,as if _____________________. Far less attention has been paid to bitcoin as a currency to replace the paper money printed by central banks, which is supposed to be its main attraction.
    A) it entails higher transaction costs
    B) it is profoundly dependent on contracts
    C) they were treating bitcoins like an investment asset rather than a new form of currency
    D) it were a financial contract rather than a new form of money
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option D
    Explanation:
    The para says debate is going on on the future of bitcoin. So clause “as if” cannot predict the reality/truth. Hence, a & b are  incorrect. Preceding statement says, people are talking about bitcons. so they cant “treat it”. hence C is inccorect.
  2. While the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) managed to retain its stronghold of Gujarat in the recent state assembly elections, it conceded significant ground to the Congress in rural and semi-rural constituencies._____________, as farmers intensify their protests against non-remunerative prices for their produce across India.
    A) Narendra Modi had promised to raise farmer incomes and rework the minimum support price
    B) The results include conflict over land and water which have increasingly come under stress
    C) The results bring to the fore the problem of rural discontent
    D) The disappointment among farmers becomes easier to comprehend
    E)  None of these
    View Answer
       Option C
    Explanation:
    The preceding statement states that Rural part of the state is comparatively more supportive to congress than BJP. So, dissatisfaction(the opposite) with the BJP is appropriate. Hence C is correct.
    A & B –  nothing has been said about Income of farmers and land and water etc.
  3. The results of the elections to the state assemblies of Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh have had a strange aftermath. While the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won both states, the Congress is not entirely gloomy. ______________where the BJP and Congress have alternately come to power since 1993. And in Gujarat, Rahul Gandhi’s spirited campaign left the BJP scared and narrowed the latter’s winning margin significantly.
    A) It was close to 13,000 votes in 2012 and a little more than 12,500 votes in 2007
    B) It can claim that its defeat in Himachal Pradesh is part of a pattern
    C) It has improved its performance in all geographic regions
    D) It needs to grapple with how it is going to attract urban voters in a rapidly urbanizing country
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option B
    Explanation:
    Since elections have been carried out, so The declarations from Congress party is what makes the sentence meaningful with the rest of the para. Hence B is correct.
  4. My practised answer to the casual social question “What do you do?” is, “I work for a bank.” The answer is factually correct yet it says nothing about what I actually do. I have got varied reactions to this answer, ranging from ‘How lucky to get a government job in these times’ to ‘You look nothing like the suave investment bankers in Karan Johar movies’, and I generally just nod my head. The real reason why I don’t divulge what I actually do is because of the question that follows: “Market kya lagta hai (what does the market look like)?” This question has been my nemesis—_____________.
    A) at interviews as well as social gatherings
    B) at our basic unit
    C) at Chinese mainland market
    D) at fish pond
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option A 
  5. Already grappling with the Goods and Services Tax transition, businesses are now anxious about how the roll-out of e-way bills will pan out. Starting February 1, all inter-State movement of goods worth over ₹50,000 will be tracked with the introduction of the e-way bill system under the GST regime. All consignments moving more than 10 km from their origin will _____________, which will be valid for varying durations depending on the distance travelled.
    A) simplify the onerous rules proposed for e-way bills
    B) require fully integrated tracking system for all taxable goods
    C) require prior registration and generation of an e-way bill through the GST Network
    D) now face differing compliance requirements for inter-State trade and intra-State trade
    E)  None of these
    View Answer
       Option C
    Explanation:
    Since moving of goods require generation of bills, so C is correct and is coherent with the sentence following it.
    A is not coherent because consignments cannot simplify the rules for e-way bills; tracking system is valid throughout the process hence is not coherent with the sentence preceding it, So B is incorrect.

Directions (6-10): In each of the following questions one sentence is given with a word in bold, choose the most similar meaning of that word and mark it as your answer.

  1. Nemesis: Will Harry Potter finally defeat his nemesis, Voldemort?
    A) comrade
    B) mate
    C) bane
    D) amnesty
    E)  None of these
    View Answer
       Option C
    Explanation:
    nemesis = a long-standing rival; an arch-enemy.
  2. Stymie: Some people believe the legalization of marijuana will stymie drug violence.
    A) assist
    B) thwart
    C) ameliorate
    D) bestow
    E)  None of these
    View Answer
       Option B
    Explanation:
    stymie = prevent or hinder the progress of.
  3. Inane: Don’t badger people with inane questions.
    A) ruminative
    B) bright
    C) blithe
    D) fatuous
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option
    Explanation:
    inane = lacking sense or meaning; silly.
  4. Querulous: She became querulous and demanding.
    A) affable
    B) genial
    C) peevish
    D) courtly
    E)  None of these
    View Answer
       Option C
    Explanation:
    querulous = complaining in a rather petulant or whining manner.
  5. Ghetto: Many Jewish people died in their ghetto due to living in small quarters of their hometown and being exposed to disease.
    A) duchy
    B) slum
    C) earldom
    D) country
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option B
    Explanation:
    ghetto = a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups.

 

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