Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam— Set 122

 

Directions (1-5): Five alternative summaries are given below the text. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.

  1. Abortion is a medical procedure resulting in the termination of a human pregnancy and death of a fetus. Abortion was banned in 30 states until the 1973 Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade. The ruling made abortion legal in all 50 states but gave them regulatory powers over when abortions could be performed during a pregnancy. Currently, all states must allow abortions early in pregnancies but may ban them in later trimesters.
    A) Abortion is as imperative as Pregnancy.
    B) Abortion is vital if only Supreme Court decides so.
    C) Termination of later Pregnancies can result into health issues
    D) Early abortion, though immoral, must brought into practice in early stages only.
    E) None of these.
    View Answer
       Option D
    Explanation:
    The last statement says “currently, states must allow early abortion, therefore, it must be brought into practice. The second statement says, it was banned in 1973, so there must be some reason of banning it, hence  “immoral”.
  2. LGBT adoption is the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons. This may be in the form of a joint adoption by a same-sex couple, adoption by one partner of a same-sex couple of the other’s biological child and adoption by a single LGBT person. Joint adoption by same-sex couples is legal in 25 countries. Opponents of LGBT adoption question whether same-sex couples have the ability to be adequate parents while other opponents question whether natural law implies that children of adoption possess a natural right to be raised by heterosexual parents. Since constitutions and statutes usually fail to address the adoption rights of LGBT persons, judicial decisions often determine whether they can serve as parents either individually or as couples.
    A) LGBT persons are not liable and friendly to adopt and raise children.
    B) Same-sex couples can adopt and raise a child only if judiciary permits it to do so.
    C) Law often fail to mark LGBT as an adequate parent to up-bring a child.
    D) There is no such constitution to decide LGBT adoption, LGBT can serve as parent after the interference of judicial system.
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option D
  3. Mobile subscribers who are yet to link their numbers with Aadhaar can do so from the comfort of their home from January 1 using a voice-guided system that would complete the process through a one-time password (OTP). This facility, however, will come nearly a month and a half behind the original target date to roll out a convenient OTP system for customers. The delay follows confusion and tussle between Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) and telecos.
    A) Operators have been asked to put in place an online mechanism (through website, and other means) for people to request for such service.
    B) The OTP method can be used for reverification of that number as well as other mobile numbers owned by the subscriber,
    C) Customers are still in dilemma of linking their Aadhar with the mobile numbers.
    D) Aadhaar card holders can link their UID or Unique Identity Number with mobile number or SIM from the comfort of their home.
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option C 
  4. In 1993 the federal government passed the federal Religious Freedom Restoration Act(RFRA). The law was intended to protect Native Americans in danger of losing their jobs because of religious ceremonies that involved the illegal drug peyote. Since then 20 states have passed their own versions of the “religious freedom” laws and 12 more have introduced the legislation this year. Supporters of the law argue that the government shouldn’t force religious businesses and churches to serve customers who participate in lifestyles contrary to their owners’ beliefs. Proponents of the law argue that the political context has changed since 1992 and states are now passing their own versions of the law with the intent of discriminating against gay and lesbian couples.
    A) RFRA is getting wide acceptance in different regions in order to discriminate gays and lebians
    B) The Religious Freedom Restoration Act holds the federal government responsible for accepting additional obligations to protect religious exercise.
    C) The U.S. Tax Court rejected her argument and ruled that she was not exempt.
    D) The panel discussions covered the history and impact of RFRA, religious freedom and the contraceptive mandate of the Affordable Care Act, and current and future challenges to the free exercise of religion in a diverse society.
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option A
  5. Planned Parenthood is a non-profit organization that provides reproductive health services in the United States and internationally. In 2014, federal and state governments provided the organization with $528 million in funding. The majority of this funding comes from Medicaid which subsidizes reproductive healthcare for low-income women. In 2014, abortions accounted for 3% of the services they provided. The majority of the other services include screening for and treating sexually transmitted diseases and infections and providing contraception. Proponents of funding argue that federal funding for Planned Parenthood does not pay for abortions and that the vast majority of government funding that the organization receives is through Medicaid reimbursements. Opponents of funding argue that the government should not fund any organizations that provide abortions.
    A) Planned Parenthood consists of 159 medical and non-medical affiliates, which operate over 650 health clinics in the United States.
    B) Planned Parenthood has received federal funding since 1970, when President Richard Nixon signed into law the Family Planning Services and Population Research Act, amending the Public Health Service Act.
    C) PPFA is the largest single provider of reproductive health services, including abortion, in the U.S.
    D) All three women were arrested and jailed for violating provisions of the Comstock Act, accused of distributing obscene materials at the clinic.
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option E

Question (6-10): Each question below has three words written in bold. Choose the set of words for each word that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. If the sentence is already correct, mark option E as your answer.

  1. The great understanding at the end of last week was how on earth she had doubt Tory Brexiters to embrace a deal they could easily have hated, given how cloyingly close it brings us to a soft Brexit.
    A) clarity, mistrust, vexingly
    B) mystery, convinced, tantalisingly
    C) whodunit, sceptical, tauntingly
    D) arcanum, deranged, ragingly
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option B
    Explanation:
    tantalising means arousing desire or expectation for something unattainable or mockingly out of reach
  2. Flexing in clean and sustainable economic growth while protecting our planet for the next generation will remain diverse objectives for government and for business in the years ago.
    A) Disengaging, agog, astern
    B) Opening, singular, after
    C) Locking, twin, ahead
    D) Releasing, separate, abase
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option C 
  3. India believes that investment is a biased issue, to be decided by the country’s government, and that new conceals such as investment are outside the trails of the WTO and MC11.
    A) controversial, issues, varnish
    B) bilateral, issues, purview
    C) contradictory, issues, verge
    D) wraped, conceals, constriction
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option B 
  4.  While committing highly desecrated efforts to regulate the bilateral investment chaos, it is hard to accept India’s directionally opposite position in multilateral confrontations.
    A) vacillant, anarchy, provocations
    B) recreant, discord, negotiations
    C) fickle, entropy, provocations
    D) dedicated, regime, negotiations
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option D 
  5. Developed countries will continue to push for investment impediment rules to be a part of the WTO agenda at Buenos Aires and have called for partitioned negotiations to discuss investment facilitation and regulation, which goes against what India has been fecund .
    A) prohibition, plurilateral, diffusing
    B) inhibition, partitioned, extirpating
    C) facilitation, plurilateral, propagating
    D) harassment, plurilateral, eradicating
    E) None of these
    View Answer
       Option C 

 

 

 

 

 

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One Thought to “Mixed English Questions for Mains Exam— Set 122”

  1. the walking dead

    7-10:)

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