English : Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams– Set 55

New Pattern Cloze Test for SBI PO, IBPS PO and Competitive exams

New Pattern English Cloze Test for SBI PO, IBPS PO, NIACL and various upcoming bank and insurance exams. Cloze Test New Pattern IBPS PO. New Pattern Cloze Test English IBPS

In the passage given below there are 5 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required

HIGHER education is one of the great successes of the welfare state. What was once the (1)  (license) of a few has become a middle-class (2)  (portfolio), thanks mainly to government support. Some 3.5m Americans and 5m Europeans will graduate this summer. In the emerging world universities are booming: China has added nearly 30m places in 20 years. Yet the business has changed little since Aristotle taught at the Athenian Lyceum: young students still gather at an appointed time and place to listen to the wisdom of scholars.

Now a revolution has begun, thanks to three forces: rising costs, changing demand and disruptive technology. The result will be the reinvention of the university.

 Higher education suffers from Baumol’s disease—the tendency of costs to soar in labour-intensive sectors with stagnant productivity. Whereas the prices of cars, computers and much else have (3)  (shaken) dramatically, universities, (4)  (exposed) by public-sector funding and the premium employers place on degrees, have been able to charge ever more for the same service. For two decades the cost of going to college in America has risen by 1.6 percentage points more than inflation every year.

For most students university remains a great deal; by one count the (5)  (preferred) lifetime income from obtaining a college degree, in net-present-value terms, is as much as $590,000. But for an increasing number of students who have gone deep into debt—especially the 47% in America and 28% in Britain who do not complete their course—it is plainly not (6)  (value) for money. And the state’s willingness to pick up the slack is declining. In America government funding per student fell by 27% between 2007 and 2012, while average tuition fees, (7)  (regulated) for inflation, rose by 20%. In Britain tuition fees, close to zero two decades ago, can reach £9,000 ($15,000 a year).

The second driver of change is the labour market. In the standard model of higher education, people go to university in their 20s: a degree is an entry ticket to the professional classes. But automation is beginning to have the same effect on white-collar jobs as it has on blue-collar ones. According to a study from Oxford University, 47% of occupations are at risk of being (8)  (denied) in the next few decades. As innovation (9)  (abolished) some jobs and changes others, people will need to top up their human capital throughout their lives.

By themselves, these two forces would be pushing change. A third—technology—ensures it. The internet, which has turned businesses from newspapers through music to book retailing upside down, will (10)  (burden) higher education. Now the MOOC, or “Massive Open Online Course”, is offering students the chance to listen to star lecturers and get a degree for a fraction of the cost of attending a university.

  1. A) franchise
    B) hindrance
    C) bond
    D) privilege
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    : privilege
  2. A) lunge
    B) entitlement
    C) persuade
    D) protest
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    : entitlement – the fact of having a right to something.
  3. A) fallen
    B) lauded
    C) Increased
    D) soared
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    : There is a comparison made between cost of study at university and prices of cars/computers. University can charge more for the same service; and the use of the word whereas shows the opposite will be true for cars and computers. So fallen
  4. A) protected
    B) cheerful
    C) restored
    D) allowed
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option A
  5. A) challenge to
    B) boost to
    C) prediction to
    D) trend to
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation
    :
  6. A) dynamic
    B) expense
    C) price
    D) charge
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option E
    Explanation
    :
  7. A) settled
    B) unfit
    C) adjusted
    D) devoted
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    :
  8. A) automated
    B) challenged
    C) sated
    D) spoilt
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation
    : As the previous sentence talks about automation
  9. A) creates
    B) floors
    C) certifies
    D) wipes out
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation
    : wipes out- removes some job due to automation
  10. A) impound
    B) prohibit
    C) upend
    D) spoil
    E) No Change Required
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation
    : upend- set or turn (something) on its end or upside down ; means reverse; i.e. as rest of the things are increasing the cost of education, this online activity is reducing the cost as mentioned in the last line. So upend

 

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8 Thoughts to “English : Cloze Test for Upcoming Exams– Set 55”

  1. sachin shukla@Target SBI Mains

    only 6/10

  2. !!angry bird !!

    7/10 ty 😛

  3. MAYANK BHARADWAJ96

    by one count the boost to lifetime income=it means
    please clear my doubt suraj sir in quest no 5

  4. AVI™ (Sinchen loveR)

    by one count the (5) (preferred) lifetime income from obtaining a college degree,
    Prediction aana chaheye na esme sir??

    1. Suraj

      prediction to; is used in the option; prediction of could have been correct but not prediction to; boost to here means that by obtaining a higher education degree a person can boost/ increase his lifetime income by $590,000…

  5. AVI™ (Sinchen loveR)

    6/10

  6. Ravi Upadhyay

    thnxx

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