New pattern English Questions: Sentence Fillers & Fill in the blanks
This set contains important New Pattern English Questions for SBI PO, IBPS PO Clerk, NIACL and other upcoming exams. New Pattern English Questions on Sentence Fillers and Fill in the blanks. New Pattern English Para Completion Fill blanks for SBI PO, IBPS PO and other exams.
Direction (1-5): In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent.
- Widespread and profound changes in the ways that work is carried out have occurred across recent decades, resulting in a cumulative revolution in the ways that employees are treated. The pervasiveness of these changes was noted at the end of 20th century. They were seen as affecting every aspect of the employment relationship; temporary, part-time and a wide range of irregular patterns of work had already moved from the periphery and become far less ‘atypical’ than hitherto. (_________________________________) ; new forms of contracting organizations which expose workers directly to their markets and decrease employer–employee interdependence are increasingly common. Work intensity has increased across the world, associated not least with the spread of such practices as multi-tasking and a revival in performance-based pay.
A) Increases in organizational change predicted psychological contract breach in public organizations, which in turn predicted decreased employee contributions to those organizations.
B) Some argue that a consequence of these changes is that work has been ‘de-bordered’ from the rest of life
C) They assess employee reactions when faced with positive factors such as perceived fairness at work and negative factors such as psychological contract breach.
D) Increasingly, many of those performing work for large organizations are not employed directly by them.
E) Workers may develop negative emotions and deteriorating interpersonal relationships in response to the introduction of work–life balance initiatives when such initiatives are perceived as unfairly implemented
- Over the past 60 years, both the work and the home domains have undergone profound changes. Balancing work and home life has become increasingly difficult for employees and private individuals, especially for those holding management positions.(_____________________). One of the most significant changes is the growing labour force participation of women since the 1950s and 1960s. The growing number of dual-earner couples, single parents, co-parenting individuals and individuals who care for elderly relatives has brought about a dramatic shift in the allocation of time and energy devoted to the work and the home domains.
A) Work−home balance has become a primary concern to employers and policy makers in western industrial societies
B) With regard to the work−home interface, several interconnected developments have taken place
C) From an employee perspective, the term work−home balance refers to striking and maintaining a balance between responsibilities in the professional work arena and in the home environment.
D) Negative work−home interference is experienced when pressures from the work and home domains are mutually incompatible
E) Some studies have examined a work−home or family-friendly culture, in relation to work−home interference.
- Managers and professionals who work part-time are likely to have particular concerns about professional acceptance and career progression. In professional and managerial occupations, long hours are a norm and work is often structured in a way that assumes that people can contribute long hours on a full-time basis. (_______________________)
A) Good (or ‘retention’) part-time jobs, generally considered to be found in managerial and professional occupations, are characterized by high pay, high skills, a career track and being valued by the organization
B) One likely reason for this is the difficulty in finding a data set that represents both different occupational groups and significant numbers of part-time and full-time workers.
C) The organizational context regarding flexible working practices is also likely to influence part-timers’ propensity to work overtime.
D) Violation of such work-time norms may affect individuals’ career progression, in that hours spent on work are seen as a proxy for commitment to the profession and ambition to succeed within it.
E) Since many people choose to work part-time in order to balance work with family responsibilities, an environment that appears to be more supportive of family needs may encourage part-timers to believe that they need not exceed their contracted hours and prejudice their work–life balance.
- In response to growing workforce concerns regarding work−life balance (WLB), organizations increasingly offer initiatives intended to facilitate the combination of employees’ work responsibilities with their non-work commitments. Research shows that providing initiatives valued by employees enhances perceptions of organizational support, affective commitment to the organization, and reciprocation in the form of increased task and contextual performance. (____________________________). Another unintended effect of initiative implementation is the potential for ‘backlash’ from childfree employees, who may believe that WLB initiatives target parents and result in increased workloads for those not using them. Consequently, the benefits of WLB initiatives, such as increased organizational commitment, improved performance and reduced turnover, may only be realized if staff are aware of the initiatives on offer and feel able to use them
A) Using a mixed-methods approach, the present study investigates the relationship between employees’ fairness perceptions of organizational WLB initiatives and CWB, and explores the moderating role of individual differences.
B) However, imperfect implementation of WLB initiatives often results in employees having little knowledge of the provisions on offer and/or unequal access to the programmes within organizations
C) This suggests that employees who are dissatisfied with the fairness of their employer’s procedures for allocating WLB initiatives, or with the honesty or comprehensiveness of the explanations provided regarding initiative use, may reciprocate with organizationally oriented CWB.
D) These are followed by reactions to the stressors: psychological, physical or behavioural job strains. Behavioural strains enable individuals to cope with stressors, either by decreasing the emotions elicited by the stressor or by removing the stressor itself
E) Dispositional characteristics appear to have the capacity to modify the social exchange relationship, by influencing employees’ responses to environmental factors such as organizational justice.
- Empowering leadership has been seen as a distinct type of leader behaviour, providing support to subordinates through coaching, encouragement, training and emotional support, and information.(_____________________________________). Studies of empowering leadership have been conducted mainly at the individual level of analysis. There is theoretical support for this in that a leader may empower individual employees to a greater or lesser degree, depending on individual characteristics.
A) However, organizations are moving away from hierarchical management, emphasizing instead the need to empower employees, requiring leaders concerned less with directing subordinates than with supporting and empowering them to perform, and there is evidence that such empowerment is positively associated with employees’ attitudinal and behavioural outcomes.
B) However, it is important to address both the between- and within-group processes linking empowering leadership and outcomes at the same time.
C) Although the Empowering Leadership Questionnaire (ELQ) was initially developed and validated at the individual level, the questionnaire items focus on the behaviour of the leader towards the respondent’s work group as a whole.
D) Some have shown the importance of taking a multi-level approach to the analysis of leadership and empowerment, but they analysed leadership climate and leader–member exchange, rather than empowering leadership.
E) Employees are thus more likely to have a sense of meaning in their jobs, and to feel capable of implementing job activities on a self-managed basis
Direction (6-10): In each of the following questions four statements with a blank in each are given. You have to choose a word from the given option that can fill all the blanks. Mark that option as your answer.
- (i) His hair was combed forward to hide a growing bald _____.
(ii) They did their best to _____ up the gaping wounds
(iii) Once the ______ is removed, the drug clears from the body tissue after twenty minute.
(iv) They spent Sundays digging their vegetable _____.
- (i) Do not let a _____ grudge make you spend your life ignoring someone who could be one of your best friends.
(ii) She thought readers were being _____ in writing to complain about blocked paths
(iii) I took the money out of the ______ cash and paid her.
(iv) He is a very ______ man who delights in reminding others of their mistakes.
- (i) The economy is not in the ____ of health.
(ii) The car was inclined to _____ slightly in accelerating from a low engine speed.
(iii) The church was beautifully decorated with bouquets of red and ____ roses for the wedding.
(iv) If you know how to ____ the edges of the cloth, you can easily make designer cloth.
- (i) I must apologize for my staff—their actions were ______.
(ii) There was a _____ decline in the amount of black money in the economy after demonetization.
(iii) The rising level of unemployment is going to ______ a huge crowd at the welfare office.
(iv) Soap when dissolved in a large amount of water suffers hydrolysis, with formation of a ______ of acid salt and a solution containing free alkali.
- (i) The man turned and she caught his_____ .
(ii) The soil _____ on the farm has been disrupted by the flooding.
(iii) He has a big nose and a pointed chin so I would recognize him by his _____ even if I didn’t see his face clearly.
(iv) The ministers are working to raise the _____ of women in industry.