New pattern English Questions: Sentence Fillers and Word Usage
This set contains important New Pattern English Questions for SBI PO, IBPS PO Clerk, NIACL and other upcoming exams. New Pattern English Questions on Sentence Fillers and Word Usage. New Pattern English Para Completion Sentence Fillers Word Usage for IBPS PO, SBI PO, RRB PO, Clerk, etc.
Direction (1-5): In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent.
- The appeal of the insurgents’ model is partly a result of the growing dissatisfaction with the public company. True, the best public companies are remarkable organisations. They strike a balance between quarterly results (which keep them sharp) and long-term investments (which keep them growing). They produce a stream of talented managers and innovative products. They can mobilise talent and capital. (_________________________________). One reason is that managers tend to put their own interests first. The shareholder-value revolution of the 1980s was supposed to solve this by incentivising managers to think like owners, but it backfired. Loaded up with stock options, managers acted like hired guns instead, massaging the share price so as to boost their incomes. A) Basically even after such a long time, public company continues its dominance in the arena.
B) The rise of big financial institutions has further weakened the link between the people who nominally own companies and the companies themselves.
C) Conflicting interests, short-termism and regulation all impose costs.
D) But, after a century of utter dominance, the public company is showing signs of wear.
E) But the most interesting alternative to public companies is a new breed of high-potential startups.
- Trading with China is doubly beneficial: both for the British economy and by binding China into the Western system of international rules.(________________________). If they return to China with a better understanding that stability and prosperity—China’s oft-stated goals—do not require omnipresent police, thugs and spies, that is all for the good. So it makes sense to facilitate visas and to help train Chinese judges.
A) China’s intentions towards the rest of the world are hard to fathom.
B) More than 150,000 Chinese are studying in Britain; a similar number come annually as tourists.
C) A lot of Chinese people have migrated to Britain illegally and live there for illegal business expansion
D) With increasing globalization, China has expanded its business to Britain.
E) For Britain, and all Western democracies, the dilemma is over how to deal cordially and profitably with China.
- Mental illness is often stigmatised. (______________________________). It is not as obviously fatal as many physical illnesses. But it still takes a heavy human and economic toll. That is why it is important that politicians make good on their promises—and that ordinary people dig deep, too.
A) Though the brain is extraordinarily complex, further scientific breakthroughs can be expected.
B) Post-traumatic stress disorder was only defined in 1980; understanding of that condition has jumped forward in the past few years, as have the treatments for it.
C) Past investigations into early interventions in psychosis have since repaid themselves many times over.
D) Many illnesses afflict the old disproportionately, but mental illness tends to strike the young, undermining productivity.
E) It lacks an effective lobby to match the groups that represent victims of cancer and heart disease.
- A decade ago a group of alarmed authors sued Google, claiming the service cut into their copyrights. (____________________________). The plaintiffs appealed to the Second Circuit Court in New York. On October 16th, they were rebuffed again. How can a company get away with digitising millions of books without the authors’ consent and showing them to the world? In his ruling, Judge Pierre Leval explained that copyright law gives “potential creators” the exclusive right to copy their own work in order to expand everybody’s “access to knowledge”. It is not all about enriching authors. The “ultimate, primary intended beneficiary”, he wrote, “is the public.”
A) After years of legal machinations, a federal district court ruled in favour of the internet giant in 2013.
B) Besides, if the work is put to a “transformative purpose”, it counts as permissible “fair use” under the Copyright Act of 1976.
C) The “purpose of Google’s copying of the original copyrighted books”, the ruling reads, “is to make available significant information about those books, permitting a searcher to identify those that contain a word or term of interest.”
D) Google was issued a notice to remove all the books and to upload them after taking consent from the respective author.
E) Google has teamed up with libraries to scan over 20m titles—many of them out of print—and put them on the web for all to view.
- (________________________________). After all, most want to make a profit. They work in a well-oiled, thriving criminal industry. Their operations involve partnerships, specializations, and supply chains. These criminal enterprises often share information with each other when it is mutually beneficial, but at other times compete to attack the most profitable targets. Rather than thinking of a clandestine hacker working out of a basement, you will be better served to picture a sophisticated, professional operation working out of an office tower. To strengthen your digital resilience, adopt a competitor’s mindset.
A) Protecting yourself from a breach can be daunting, given how many emails pass through your organization each week.
B) If you think of cybercriminals as a business, you can keep up with them more effectively.
C) Before you can mitigate your organization’s security risks, it’s important to understand how email gets companies in trouble.
D) Impersonation attacks are even more specialized spear-phishing attacks, ones that occur when attackers pose as an individual you know and trust.
E) To gain this trust, a cybercriminal will mine information so they can credibly assume that person’s identity.
Direction (6-10) : In each of the following questions, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE.
A) Subhash is a very dynamic speaker; his presentations are always interesting and passionate.
B) People are told they can do anything they want, but dynamically they cannot because some things are impossible.
C) The dynamic content of these sites keeps their audience informed and up to date.
D) All exercises in Dynamic Models in Physics have been completed and will be ported to Virtlab at a later date.
E) All are correct
A) The exercise will naturally elevate your chest and head.
B) The field guns were elevated twenty degrees.
C) Placing his hands on the window sill, the boy stood on his tiptoes and elevated inside the house.
D) Mr. Mehrishi was elevated to Secretary of State.
E) All are correct
A) The teacher needed to endorse the classroom clock to real time so class ended on time.
B) The report was endorsed by the college.
C) He earns more money endorsing energy drinks than playing cricket
D) The thief was arrested at a local bank when he tried to endorse a cheque made out to someone else.
E) All are correct
A) She was an exact, clever manager.
B) She exacts a cruel revenge for his rejection.
C) You have to be very exact when you are measuring the floor, or the carpet won’t fit properly.
D) He exacted promises that another scandal would never be allowed to happen.
E) All are correct
A) He did nothing to hide or excuse Ramesh’s cruelty
B) His ability excuses most of his faults.
C) The mayor will excuse several local heroes during the town’s Independence Day Celebration.
D) It will not be possible to excuse you from attendance.
E) All are correct