This set contains New Pattern English Questions for various upcoming exams like SBI PO, IBPS PO, Clerk and insurance exams. Questions from Sentence Fillers and Odd Words.
Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent.
- During Donald Trump’s inauguration speech he declared that America’s “forgotten men and women” will be “forgotten no longer”. Then, earlier this month, he vowed to bring back jobs to states that have been “hurt so badly” by globalisation. (………………………………………………………..)They were vital contributors to his election: three-quarters of white men who left education at 18 and voted in November did so for Mr Trump, the highest share of any similarly sized demographic group. And despite the president′s tumultuous start in office, they have remained loyal to him.
A) “Forgotten men” are just as important economically as they are politically.
B) And during the president′s short political career, he has shown a tenuous grasp of statistics.
C) By “forgotten” people, he means above all white working-class men.
D) For each component, it measures the gap between white working-class men and all other men.
E) This group had good reason to hanker for change: in recent years its economic performance has lagged behind that of American men as a whole by ever-greater amounts.
- In 1964 Paul Baran, an engineer, proposed the use of distributed networks for communication. Traditional networks depended on a central hub to pass information between points. If the hub went down, so did the system. Baran’s network had no centre. (…………………………………………………………..)The initial response was sceptical, but in time Baran’s architecture became the foundation of ARPAnet, the precursor to the internet.
A) The state, financial institutions and universities all serve as hubs through which flow both power and information.
B) Education is being unbundled from universities through popular start-ups like Udacity, a private organisation.
C) Technology has made it possible for dispersed, niche interests to become sustainable communities.
D) But neither author suggests how to get around this.
E) Instead it was composed of lots of nodes connecting to lots of other nodes, allowing for several routes through what IT types call “redundancy”.
- The government reportedly wants to free up foreign direct investment (FDI) in retail, but only for domestically manufactured goods. That shows confused thinking, not reform to enrich the economy and empower consumers. The country needs inflow of foreign capital. Real reform requires lifting curbs in FDI on all types of retail, both online and physical. (……………………………………………………………………….)The notion that allowing 100 per cent FDI — only in e-commerce and brickand-mortar companies that make and sell stuff locally — will boost domestic manufacturing is misplaced.
A) What will or will not be produced in India should be left to tariffs and industrial policy, apart from inherent competitiveness of local production relative to production abroad.
B) It will boost investment, both in real estate and in manufacturing, bring in business expertise, and modernise the country’s retail sector.
C) It would also end complaints by organised physical retailers over unfair competition
D) Organised retail chains do away with tiers of stocking and distribution between the producer and consumer.
E) Whether retailers should hold inventory or function as a marketplace should be left to the logic of commercial efficiency
- The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council has done well to clear a Bill that guarantees to fully compensate states for five years for any revenue loss during transition to the new tax regime. A legal backing provides comfort, but there should be ways to prevent states from slacking off on revenue collections. GST subsumes all indirect levies and avoids cascading of taxes, leading to potential revenue loss for states, but they will gain from being able to tax services. (……………………………………………………………)Sensibly, states will be compensated on the basis of revenue projections from 2015-16 — when growth and revenue collections were buoyant.
A) The GST Council should drop the anti-profiteering mechanism to ostensibly keep a check on the pricing policy of producers.
B) It goes against the grain of a non-adversarial tax regime.
C) A precise estimate of gain or loss is not possible at this stage.
D) Such a change in approach will, at least partially, safeguard the Centre’s revenues.
E) A protracted slowdown due to demonetisation would hurt their revenues next year.
- The protests that have convulsed Romania are the largest since the fall of communism in the country in 1989. Hundreds of thousands of Romanians have taken to the streets against the government’s attempt to decriminalise graft involving sums below a certain threshold, ostensibly for practical reasons. The move has impressed neither the citizens of Romania, nor European Union officials in Brussels(……………………………………………………………………………………………) The popular outcry against such a blatant move to relax the rules should have been anticipated by the government, especially as it had a direct bearing on the Social Democratic Party (PSD), which heads the current coalition.
A) Faced with popular anger, the government has rescinded the decree to let off offenders in cases where the financial harm is less than about $48,000.
B)E ither way, by venturing to ease the extent of the penalties, the ruling coalition has run the risk of being perceived as trying to protect the guilty.
C) It has been argued in some quarters that the agency has been overzealous in its endeavour to combat corruption.
D) Even the country’s President has thrown his weight behind the protests.
E) But they are being addressed systematically through the adoption of an institutional framework.
Direction (6-10) : In each question below there are four statements. Each statement has pairs of words/phrases that are highlighted. From the highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then choose the best option.
- (i) Businesses face a more competitive environment that could reduce [A] / reduced [B] margins.
(ii) Development in any field is closely association [A]/associated [B] with the growth of technology.
(iii) A small fault can be easily exploit [A]/exploited [B] with the assistance of sophisticated software.
(iv) Gone [A]/ went[B] are the days when the game was played for fun.
- (i) It is worth considering whether money lenders can be bought [A]/brought[B] under regulation and an interest cap be imposed for lending to MSMEs.
(ii) Recent growth data for India reveals that there has been a significant [A]/significance [B] slowdown in the industrial growth rate.
(iii) The government and the RBI have been initiating [A]/initiated [B] a series of measures to encourage MSMEs
(iv) The government and non-governmental organisations seek to finance and allocated [A]/ allocate [B] resources for MSMEs, but these resources often do not reach the targeted audience.
- (i) Not all banks can do MSME financing as this is a specialised area and requires specialised skills to assess the institutions that can contradict [A]/ benefit [B] from bank finance and yield higher production.
(ii) In economic literature, no country has catapulted from a developing country to an advanced economy without industry contributing [A]/ contribution [B] significantly in output.
(iii) The usual speculation as to whether the Reserve Bank of India will cut its repo rates sooner [A]/soon [B] rather than later is reaching a feverish pitch.
(iv) There is very little to suggest that the RBI is loat [A]/loath[B] to cut rates till it becomes absolutely necessary.
- (i) The RBI Governor has said in some informal meetings that he was not averse [A]/adverse [B] to a rate cut.
(ii) The government’s rationale [A]/ rational [B] for the extreme measure of demonetisation is not clear.
(iii) There is a consistency [A]/constant [B] parallel flow of black money in the economy.
(iv) The entire chain of supply and distribution has been thoroughly disrupted [A]/ disrupt [B].
- (i) No government can at present promise perfectly [A]/perfect [B] security for even its most critical personnel data.
(ii) In standard economics literature, financial intermediary is typically [A]/ similarly [B] a bank that aggregates deposits from various sources and converts the funds into loans.
(iii) The categorisation of an institution into a financial intermediary is largely [A]/ largest [B] an academic function.
(iv) Most banks adopted new structures [A]/ structured [B] to do specialised activities such as merchant banks and leasing.