Directions(1-2): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence, three alternatives to the bracketed part are given which may help improve the sentence. Choose the option that reflects the correct use of the phrase in the context of the sentence. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer is (E) i.e. No correction required.
- There’s a lot more of Israel in India and in (Indians’ day to daily life), common people and Prime Ministers included.
I. Indians day to day lives
II. Indians’ daily life
III. Indians’ day-to-day liveOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth II and IIINo correction requiredOption B
In the given sentence, it should be ‘Indians’ daily life’.
i: We need the possessive form of the word ‘Indians’’ because the sentence is talking about their day-to-day life.
ii: It should be ‘life,’ instead of ‘lives.’
Therefore, option B is the apt answer.
- The technical director is also thought (to be interviewed) for the role vacated by Chris Coleman.
I. to have interviewed
II. to had been interviewed
III. to have been interviewedOnly IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth I and IIINo correction requiredOption C
In the given sentence, ‘technical director’ is used as a subject, ‘is’ as an auxiliary verb showing simple present tense and ‘thought’ as a past participle serving the function of the main verb with reference to some past action.
‘To have been interviewed’ is a passive perfect innitive. The perfect infinitive refers to a time before that of the preceding verb. The passive perfect infinitive is formed as ‘to have been + past participle.’
The interview must have preceded the thought, hence it is passive perfect infinitive.
Therefore, option C is the apt answer.
- A declaration of adherence (in democratic values) and norms of the Constitution in the inner party organization was made yesterday.
For democratic valuesTo democratic valuesOn democratic valuesIn democratic valueNo correction requiredOption B
‘Adherence to’ is the correct phrasal verb which should be used to make the sentence grammatically correct. The verb ‘adhere to’ means ‘To believe in a particular idea or concept’. So, the correct answer is option B.
- The state government proposes to pass two bills (of providing reservations) to Muslims and STs and then urge the Centre to include the matter in the 9th Schedule of Constitution as done in the case of Tamil Nadu.
for providing reservationsto provide reservationsby providing reservationsof providing reservationsNo correction requiredOption A
To express purpose of something both ‘for+ing’ and ‘to+ verb (base form)’ is used. The difference between the two is that while ‘to+ verb (base
form)’ focuses on the person, ‘for+ing’ focuses on the instrument. This means when we want to refer to the purpose or the “role” (function) of someone, we use ‘to+infinitive’ and for describing the reason (purpose) or the function of something we use ‘for+ing’.
In this case, we are describing the reason behind passing the bills, so we need to use ‘for+ing’. So, the correct answer is option A.
- During the university elections, (the college elected their wise president to Swapnil for handling) the campaign for university president.
the college elected their wise president to Swapnil for handlingthe college elected Swapnil their wise president for handlingthe college elected Swapnil their wise president to handlingthe college elected their wise president, Swapnil for handlingNo correction requiredOption B
An objective complement can be a noun or an adjective which follows the direct object renaming or modifying it. It is used with verbs like make, name, call, choose, elect, and appoint. It is not set off with commas as an appositive is.
The pattern is Subject (the college) + verb (elected) + object (Swapnil) + compliment (their wise president for handling). For describing the reason
(purpose) or the function of something we use ‘for+ing’. So, the correct answer is option B.
- Since the advent of cable television, at the beginning of (this decade, the entertainment industry took) a giant stride forward in our country.
this decade saw the entertainment industry takingthis decade, the entertainment industry has takenthis decade, the entertainment industry had takenthis decade, the entertainment industry tookNo correction requiredOption B
‘Since’ indicates the requirement of present perfect tense. The statement starts with ‘since’, which means that a timeline is being talked about with a starting datum point and an action that started is in continuation from that datum; thus the statement needs to be in present perfect tense i.e the verb form should be ‘has taken’. So, the correct answer is option B.
- (Hectic campaigns in the second) phase of state assembly elections will come to an end next week, in 67 Assembly constituencies spread over 11 districts.
Hectic campaigning for the secondHaving hectic campaigning for the secondHectic campaigning from the secondHectic campaigns for a secondNo correction requiredOption A
“Will come to an end” shows that the statement is in continues tense, therefore, we can eliminate statement D. ‘Having’ is a perfect participle which more or less expresses an action that has been just completed thus, the correct construction is having + (verb+ed). Thus we can eliminate statement B. In option C, instead of ‘from’, ‘for’ is the correct preposition to denote that the activity going to end is related to the elections. So, the correct answer is option A.
- The detectives criticized the victims in court by testifying that they were (prone to be a hyperbole and invent details of events that didn’t happen).
prone to hyperballize and invent details of events that didn’t happenprone to hyperbolize and being inventors of details of events that didn’t happen.prone to hyperbolizing and inventing details of events that didn’t happen.prone to hyperbolize and invent details of events that weren’t just happeningNo correction requiredOption C
‘Hyperbole’ refers to exaggerated statements or claims and therefore cannot refer to person. They are actually statements or claims made by a person. The appropriate replacement for the highlighted part is ‘prone to hyperbolizing and inventing details of events that didn’t happen.’ ‘Hyperbolize’ means to represent something as being larger, better, or worse than it really is; exaggerate and denes an act. Accordingly, to maintain parallelism in the sentence, we need to change the verb ‘invent’ to its present participle form i.e. ‘inventing’.
So, the correct answer is option C.
- As the old lies of insurrection and Negro supremacy lost their ability (I)/ to deceit, Douglass wrote that the heart-rending cries of (II)/ the white women and little white children took its place. (III)
Only IOnly IIOnly IIIBoth II and IIIBoth I and IIOption D
Option II: ‘Ability to’ is always followed by the first form of a verb. “Deceit” is a noun. “Deceive” is a verb. Thus, this part requires correction.
Option III: ‘It’ is used for ‘singular nouns.’ “Lies” is a plural noun. So, ‘their’ should be used.
Therefore, option D is the apt answer.
- The most unique characteristic of the troodontids was the size of their brain case: (I)/ it was the largest of all the dinosaurs and this may indicate that (II)/ the troodontids were the most intelligent of all the dinosaurs, although this is only a speculation. (III)
Both I and IIBoth II and IIIBoth I and IIIOnly IOnly IIIOption D
Part I: If something is ‘unique,’ it is the only one of its kind. Consequently, there cannot be degrees of uniqueness: either something is unique, or it is not. Accordingly, locutions like “very unique” and “most unique” are out of order. If you find it necessary to use a degree word like very or most, choose another adjective, such as unusual or distinctive.
Part II and III require no correction.
Therefore, option D is the apt answer.
Directions(3-8): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence, alternatives to the bracketed part are given as (A), (B), (C) and (D), which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative out of the given ve options. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer will be option (E), i.e., “No correction required”.
Directions(9-10): A sentence divided into three parts (I, II and III) is given. There may be an error in one or more parts. Determine the part(s) which requires correction and mark it as your answer.