English: Word Usage Questions Set 55

Direction (1-10): Below a word is given followed by three sentences which consist of that word. Identify the sentence/s which best expresses the meaning of the word. Choose option E (None of these) if the word is not suitable in any of the sentences.

  1. TEAM
    A. We have a team of eight working on product development.
    B. The rain was teaming down.
    C. You can team up with one other class member if you want.

    Only B
    Only A
    Both A and C
    Both B and C
    None of these
    Option
    The word team carries several meanings:
    1. A group of people who work together at a particular job.
    2. (team up) to join with another person or group in order to do something together.
    Among these, the meaning given in 1, makes statement A correct. the meaning in 2 makes statement C correct.

     

  2. SYMPATHY
    A. Brendan Cummins admits he had sympathy for Gerry Kennedy stepping in his place after he was axed from Tipperary side in 2007.
    B. He claimed to feel sympathy for the protesters, but evidently not enough to sympathize with their expressing of their rights.
    C. Rowlings evokes real sympathy for her characters’ battles with cancer.
    A
    A and B
    B
    C
    All are correct
    Option B
    Sympathy is a feeling of sorrow for someone else’s suffering. The person showing sympathy agrees with the person suffering.
    Hence, the usage is correct in A and B.
    In C, we are not talking about sympathising with the characters but understanding their position. ‘Empathy’ must be used instead of ‘sympathy here.’
    Empathy is the ability to understand another person’s perspective or feelings.

     

  3. AGILITY
    A. Professional chess players display amazing mental agility to be able to think rapidly and creatively while under such pressure.
    B. In Africa, we got an up-close view of the swiftness and agility of the cheetah, with its explosive bursts of speed.
    C. Because of the agility in the Middle East, gas prices are expected to rise even higher.
    Both A and B
    Only C
    Both B and C
    Only A
    None of these
    Option A
    Sentences A and B have the correct usage of the word. Sentence C does not have the correct usage of the word as it talks about a state of unrest or disturbance. Thus option A is the correct answer.

     

  4. IMPLY
    A. People should not imply from Trump’s example “that it’s an approved approach or proven,” because it’s not
    B. LEI suggests that an imminent re-opening of some sectors does not imply a fast rebound for the economy at large
    C. Based on current stock prices, the new annual dividend rate would imply a dividend yield of 5.16%.
    A
    B
    A and B
    C
    B and C
    Option E
    Imply: indicate the truth or existence of (something) by suggestion rather than explicit reference
    Infer: deduce or conclude (something) from evidence and reasoning rather than from explicit statements

     

  5. INSPIRE
    A. Others say poor nations need to develop free markets in agriculture and strongly inspire government intervention.
    B. These passages inspire hope but do not sustain a certainty.
    C. He continued to visit the armies at the front and to inspire them with energy.
    A
    B
    C
    B and C
    None of these
    Option D
    ‘Inspire’ is defined as to influence, motivate or produce a feeling.

     

  6. PROMPT
    A. Alice Burton tearfully thanked the authorities for their prompt action.
    B. You are looking very prompt and beautiful.
    C. The result is prompt, safe and painless.
    A
    B
    C
    A and C
    None of these
    Option D
    Sentence A uses it correctly as it refers to the authorities’ quick action.
    Sentence B uses the word incorrectly as the word has been used here without any meaning or context.
    Sentence C uses the word correctly as well, as it means that the result can be achieved fast.

     

  7. CURRENT
    A. He screamed, but his friends did not hear him and he could not swim across a strong current to reach them.
    B. Most often people indulge in a fight not over a current event but about something that happened in the past.
    C. The shock wave and cloud smashed into the Earth’s magnetic field, causing a huge increase in the flow of invisible electric current in space and in our atmosphere.
    B
    A
    Both A and C
    A, B and C
    None of these
    Option D
    The most known meaning of the word current is a flow of electricity resulting from the directional movement of electrically charged particles. In this context, statement C uses the word correctly.
    When used in relation to water bodies, a current refers to the continuous and steady flow of water in lake, river or sea. So, the word is used appropriately in statement A.
    Current can also mean happening and belonging to the present time. So, the word is used correctly in statement B.

     

  8. PLAIN
    A. He possibly tried the same experiment also with inclined plain in a spherical container with an equally negative result.
    B. She now hopes to become the youngest person to fly a powered plain solo on her 16th birthday.
    C. When we speak of an angel, we are speaking of an entity that exists purely on a spiritual plain.
    A
    B
    B and C
    C
    None of these
    Option E
    The word plane can refer to an aeroplane (a vehicle with wings and engines to fly through the air). So, plane should be used in statement B. It can also mean a level and flat surface. So, the word plane is suitable to be used in statement A. In some contexts, we use the word plane which means a level of development, existence or thought. In statement C, the word plane seems more appropriate.

     

  9. Gravity
    A. You can personalize your training gravity within the app based on experience levels.
    B. Reports show that experts studied hours of lunar footage from the 1970s in an effort to learn more about the effects of the moon’s gravity on humans.
    C. As the day wore on, the gravity of the situation became clear.
    Both B and C
    A
    B
    A and B
    None of these
    Option A
    Gravity refers to the force that attracts one object to another. It is the force which causes things to fall to the ground. In this context, the word is used in statement B which refers to this force present in the moon.
    The word gravity also means the seriousness or importance of something. So, it is correctly used in statement C.
    Statement A makes no sense. The word gravity does not fit contextually. The most possible substitute is the word regime which means a coordinated and ordered way of doing things,

     

  10. In the following question, the word at the top is used in five different ways. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.

    Essential

    The tickets are essential for us; they will give us all we need: comfortable quarters and a speedy return to our country.
    Home fragrance oils are infused with essential oils to quickly fill any room with inviting scents.
    A light equipped with fully-charged batteries is also an essential part of a miner’s work gear.
    The females have relatively large tusks, which are essential in obtaining their food.
    Our last essential are a spare inner tube and a puncture repair kit.
    Option E
    The word ‘essential’ has two meanings –
    Essential (noun) – the fundamental elements or characteristics of something.
    Essential (adjective) – absolutely necessary.

     

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