English: Phrase Replacement/ Sentence Improvement Set 109

Directions(1-10): In the given question, a part of the sentence is given in brackets. Below the sentence, alternatives to the bracketed part are given as (A), (B), (C) and (D), which may help improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative out of the given five options. In case the given sentence is correct, your answer will be option (E), i.e., “No correction required”.

  1. Meticulous implementation and robust healthcare delivery in these centres can (reduced the need for) secondary and tertiary care.
    Be reduce the need for
    Reduce the need for
    Reduce the need of
    Reducing the need for
    No correction required
    Option B

     

  2. It’s incumbent on the higher judiciary to take concrete steps (to act on) the shortfall soon.
    To acting on
    To act with
    For acting with
    To be acting on
    No correction required
    Option E

     

  3. High courts are free to pick shortlisted candidates from their states, following the reservation norms (applicable around their) respective states.
    Applying to their
    Applicable to their
    Applicable in their
    Applying to their
    No correction required
    Option C

     

  4. The proposed Bill explicitly (call in) that the law won’t apply to the processing of anonymised data.
    Calls of
    Call off
    Calls at
    Calls out
    No correction required
    Option D
    Call out (phrasal verb) – to shout out , preferably to get someone’s attention on something important (in this case).

     

  5. The most significant change concerns the cooling-off period prescribed for office-bearers before they are allowed (for contesting to) a subsequent term.
    To contest on
    To contest in
    To contest for
    For contesting with
    No correction required
    Option C

     

  6. It was a matter of utter curiosity for the whole batch, as to how anyone could (get across) it after causing such a huge fiasco, and yet remaining unnoticed.
    Get off
    Get around
    Get away with
    Get out
    No correction required
    Option C
    Get across – communicate, make understandable
    Get off – escape a punishment
    Get around – have mobility
    Get away with – do without being noticed or punished
    Get out – leave a place

     

  7. Last year, environmentalists asked for the festival to be disallowed, but the court said it was too late to (call in) the event.
    Call on
    Call off
    Call by
    Call back
    No correction required
    Option B
    The correct phrasal verb would be ‘call off’ which means ‘to cancel’. Thus option B is the correct answer. The other options do not make sense here. ‘Call on’ means ‘to depend on someone’. ‘Call back’ means ‘to call someone over the phone who had already called.’
    Thus, option B is the correct answer.

     

  8. While most of my siblings resemble their maternal ancestors, my sister is the only one who has (taken off) the paternal side.
    Taken after
    Taken apart
    Taken back
    Taken out
    No correction required
    Option A
    The meanings of the phrasal verbs are as follows:
    Take after – resemble a family member
    Take apart – purposely break into pieces
    Take back – return an item
    Take off – start to fly
    Take out – remove from a place or thing

     

  9. Some users (seek to) drugs in order to relax and unwind but what the users fail to realise is that the drugs can do irreparable damage to health.
    Seek for
    Seek out
    Seek by
    Seek in
    No correction required
    Option B
    The verb ‘seek to’ is not correct here. It can be replaced with ‘seek out’ to demonstrate a more intensive meaning. The words ‘seek out’ means ‘to search hard for and find a specific person or thing’.

     

  10. She was so excited about the trip, that she was keenly (looking into) it.
    Looking after
    Looking down on
    Looking for
    Looking forward to
    No correction required
    Option D
    The meanings of the phrasal verbs are as follows:
    Look after – take care of
    Look down on – think less of, consider inferior
    Look for – try to find
    Look into – investigate
    Look forward to – to be excited about the future

     

 

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