Reasoning: Puzzles and Arrangements Set 42

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

8 people – A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting in a straight line. All are facing north direction. They have different ages – 12, 15, 21, 32, 36, 43, 45 and 56 but not necessarily in same order. They like different colors – red, yellow, green and blue. Exactly 2 people like one color. No 2 people who like same color sit together.

A sits second to left of one who is 56 years old. 2 people sit between A and the one who likes blue color. There is difference of 2 years between the ones who like green color. H likes green color and sits second to right of one who is 56 years old. 1 person sits between A and the one who likes blue color. One of the persons who like blue color has age 36 years. G likes red color. The one who is 12 years old sits immediate left of the one who likes blue color. The ones having ages 36 and 43 sit together. There are 3 persons between F and the one who is 12 years old. F does not like yellow color. F is 6 years older than B. 2 persons sit between the one who is 43 years old and one who likes red color. One person sits between G and the one who is 4 years younger than the one who likes blue color. One of the persons who like green color sits with one of the persons who likes red color. D sits with the one who is 45 years old. C sits to the immediate left of E.

  1. Which following pair of persons like yellow color?
    A) D, C
    B) A, C
    C) F, E
    D) E, D
    E) G, D
    View Answer
     Option A
    Explanation:

    A second to left of 56. 2 between A and blue so 2 possibilities–

    Now H-green and 2nd to right of 56. 1 between blue and A.
    Remember: 2 blues cannot be together. Any one of blue has age 36. 12 is immediate Left of blue.. So..

    Now 3 between 12 and F. In 2nd the extreme left blue will be 36. In 1st 2 possibilities with blue =36. Also now 36 and 43 together. So..

    Now F 6 yrs older than B and 15+6 is 21 So F is 21. 2nd cancels out.
    Now 2 between 43 and red. In 1.2) 43 is green F is not yellow so F can only be red. But 2 reds cannot be together so 1.2) cancels out.
    1 between G and 32. G likes red. Now left with

    Now 2 yellows can’t be together so 56 is yellow. Green with red. So A is green is 45.
    Final::

  2. Who is 32 years old?
    A) D
    B) B
    C) H
    D) C
    E) A
    View Answer
     Option A
  3. How many persons sit between B and C?
    A) None
    B) One
    C) Four
    D) Three
    E) Six
    View Answer
     Option D
  4. What is the age difference between A and E?
    A) 7 years
    B) 9 years
    C) 13 years
    D) 3 years
    E) 6 years
    View Answer
     Option B
  5. B likes which color?
    A) yellow
    B) green
    C) blue
    D) red
    E) Cannot be determined
    View Answer
     Option C

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

There are 12 friends – A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K and L  who have their birthdays in six months – January, April, May, July, September and November on either 22nd or 28th of the month.

K’s birthday falls on 22nd July. There are two birthdays between those of K and L. Also there are three birthdays between those of F and L. There are 3 birthdays after that of E’s birthdays. A’s birthday falls in a month with 30 days. D’s birthday is just before A’s birthday. There are at least 2 birthdays between the birthdays of A and F. I has birthday on 28th of any month but before K. There are three birthdays between those of G and C. H’s birthday falls on 22nd of any month. J’s birthday is somewhere after H’s birthday. There are at least 2 and at most 4 birthdays between the birthdays of C and B. C and I do not share same birthday month. Also C and F do not share same birthday month.

  1. Whose birthday falls on 28th January?
    A) F
    B) D
    C) I
    D) H
    E) L
    View Answer
     Option B
    Arrangement:


  2. How many birthdays are before I’s birthday?
    A) Three
    B) One
    C) Four
    D) Five
    E) Two
    View Answer
     Option A
  3. C’s birthday is on
    A) 28th September
    B) Other than given options
    C) 28th July
    D) 22nd April
    E) Cannot be determined
    View Answer
     Option C
     
  4. Who has birthday in May?
    A) H
    B) A
    C) F
    D) C
    E) None of these
    View Answer
     Option C
  5. L has birthday in which month?
    A) May
    B) July
    C) April
    D) September
    E) January
    View Answer
     Option D

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