Mixed English Questions for upcoming Exam — Set 401

Directions(1-5): Below is given a single word with options to its meaning in different contexts. You have to select all those options which are synonyms of the word when the context is changed. Select the correct alternative from (A), (B), (C) and (D) which represents all those synonyms.

  1. Galvanize
    I. Misrepresent maliciously
    II. Stimulate
    III. Coat iron with zinc
    IV. Startle
    I, II, and III
    I, III and IV
    Both II and IV
    II, III and IV
    All of the above
    Option D
    The word ‘galvanize’ is a verb which means:
    1. To shock or excite someone into taking action.
    2. To coat iron or steel with a protective layer of zinc.
    The words have following meanings:
    I. Misrepresent maliciously: Maliciously means ‘in a manner characterized by malice or ill will; with intent to do harm.’ So, it means to misrepresent something with an intent to do harm.
    II. Stimulate: To encourage or arouse interest or enthusiasm in someone.

     

  2. Seethe
    I. Boil
    II. Throng
    III. Extricate
    IV. Smoulder
    Both II and IV
    Both III and IV
    Only I
    Both II and III
    Both I and III
    Option C
    The word ‘seethe’ is a verb which refers to:
    1. A liquid boiling or be turbulent as if boiling.
    2. A person who is filled with intense but unexpressed anger.
    3. A place that is crowded with people or things moving about in a rapid or hectic way.
    The words have following meanings:
    I. Boil: To reach or cause to reach the temperature at which it bubbles and turns to vapour.
    II. Throng: A crowd filled or present in a place or area.
    III. Extricate: Free someone or something from a constraint or difficulty.
    IV. Smoulder: Show or feel barely suppressed anger, hatred, or another powerful emotion.

     

  3. Regale
    I. Beguile
    II. Ply
    III. Prosaic
    IV. Storm
    Both I and III
    Only I
    Both I and II
    I, III and IV
    I, II and IV
    Option C
    The word ‘regale’ is a verb which means:
    1. To entertain or amuse someone with talk.
    2. To lavishly supply someone with food or drink.
    The words have following meanings:
    I. Beguile: To charm or enchant someone, often in a deceptive way.
    II. Ply: A thickness or layer of a folded or laminated material. It also means providing someone with food or drink in a continuous or insistent way.
    III. Prosaic: Having or using the style or diction of prose as opposed to poetry; lacking imaginativeness or originality.
    IV. Storm: A violent disturbance of the atmosphere with strong winds and usually rain, thunder, lightning, or snow.

     

  4. Debilitate
    I. Contradict
    II. Irritate
    III. Impede
    IV. Enervate
    Both I and II
    Both III and IV
    I, II and III
    II, III and IV
    I, II and IV
    Option B
    The word ‘debilitate’ is a verb which means:
    1. To make someone very weak and infirm.
    2. To hinder, delay, or weaken.
    The words have following meanings:
    I. Contradict: To deny the truth of a statement by asserting the opposite.
    II. Irritate: To make someone annoyed or a little angry.
    III. Impede: To delay or prevent someone or something by obstructing them; hinder.
    IV. Enervate: To make someone feel drained of energy or vitality.

     

  5. Draw
    I. Derive
    II. Lottery
    III. Attract
    IV. Sketch
    I, II and III
    II, III and IV
    III and IV
    I, III and IV
    All I, II, III and IV
    Option D
    The various meanings of “draw” are as follows:
    A. to derive as to draw conclusions (Verb)
    B. attract (someone) to come to a place or an event (Verb)
    C. produce an image of (someone or something) by making lines and marks on paper. (Verb).

     

  6. Directions(6-10): In the question, one sentence is given and four words have been given denoted by (A), (B), (C) and (D). You have to decide which of the following is inappropriate in the context. If all the words are appropriate in the context, mark ‘All correct’ as your answer.

  7. Trade- related uncertainties (A), slowing investment and weak sentiment is resulted (B) in a steady global growth deceleration and progressive (C) weakening of sentiment, one reinforcing (D) the other.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option B
    The statement is in present continuous tense whereas the verb ‘resulted’ follows the third form of the verb. The word ‘resulted’ must be replaced with ‘resulting’ to make the statement grammatically correct. Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

     

  8. Parliament, which ended a highly(A) productive session in terms of business transaction(B), has been reduced to endorsing(C) executive decisions with little meaningful(D) discussions.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option B
    Here, the statement is not talking about any transaction but the productive session that held in Parliament in terms of business conduct and it ended with little meaningful discussions. So, the ‘transaction’ is incorrect. Hence, option B is the correct answer.

     

  9. Having rolled(A) the dice on Kashmir, Delhi now needs effective(B) strategies to contain potential(C) violent reactions at home and managed(D) international diplomatic fallout.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option D
    The verb ‘managed’ does not follow the rule of ‘parallelism’. Hence the word ‘managed’ must be replaced with ‘manage’ to make the statement grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. Hence option D is the correct answer.

     

  10. Simplifying tariff structures(A) and lowering tariffs will help integrate(B) India in global producing(C) chains and provide the much-needed impetus(D) to exports and employment.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option C
    The error is in part C of the sentence, which means the word ‘producing’ has been used wrongly here. ‘Production’ should replace the word ‘producing’ to make it grammatically correct. Here, the sentence talks about integration if India in global production chains. Hence, option C is the correct answer.

     

  11. The difference(A) elements of the election process(B) are calculated to fall into place only when the EVMs are distributed(C) immediately before(D) polling.
    A
    B
    C
    D
    All are correct
    Option A
    The highlighted word in position A should be an adjective as it describes the noun ‘elements’. But ‘difference’ is a noun. So, it should be ‘different’ instead of difference. Hence, the correct answer is A.

     

 

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