Reasoning: Machine Input-Output Set 5

Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: mix 45 24 point upper 62 19 air shine 48 oil 67
Step 1: air mix 45 24 point upper 62 19 shine 48 oil 67
Step 2: air 18 mix 45 24 point upper 62 shine 48 oil 67
Step 3: air 18 mix 45 24 point upper 62 48 oil 67 shine
Step 4: air 18 mix 45 24 point upper 48 oil 67 63 shine
Step 5: air 18 oil mix 45 24 point upper 48 67 63 shine
Step 6: air 18 oil 44 mix 24 point upper 48 67 63 shine
Step 7: air 18 oil 44 mix 24 upper 48 67 point 63 shine
Step 8: air 18 oil 44 mix 24 upper 67 49 point 63 shine
Step 9: air 18 oil 44 upper mix 24 67 49 point 63 shine
Step 10: air 18 oil 44 upper 66 mix 24 49 point 63 shine
Step 11: air 18 oil 44 upper 66 24 mix 49 point 63 shine
Step 12: air 18 oil 44 upper 66 25 mix 49 point 63 shine
This is the final arrangement and step 12 is the last step for this input.

Input: 20 eagle credit insurance 32 25 attorney 68 loan 45 super 15

  1. How many elements are between ‘eagle’ and ’45’ in step 6?
    A) None
    B) One
    C) Two
    D) Three
    E) More than three
    View Answer
    Option E
    For words arrangement:
    See the last step. First three words are starting with vowels, last three start with consonants
    Words starting with vowels are put in step from start. while words starting with consonants are put in step from last. – in step 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
    For numbers arrangement:
    (Smallest odd no – 1) in second step. (Largest even no + 1) in 4th step. (Second smallest odd no – 1) in 6thstep. (Second largest even no + 1) in 8th step. and so on
    Input: 20 eagle credit insurance 32 25 attorney 68 loan 45 super 15
    Step 1: attorney 20 eagle credit insurance 32 25 68 loan 45 super 15
    Step 2: attorney 14 20 eagle credit insurance 32 25 68 loan 45 super
    Step 3: attorney 14 20 eagle credit insurance 32 25 loan 45 69 super
    Step 4: attorney 14 eagle 20 credit insurance 32 25 loan 45 69 super
    Step 5: attorney 14 eagle 24 20 credit insurance 32 loan 45 69 super
    Step 6: attorney 14 eagle 24 20 credit insurance 32 45 loan 69 super
    Step 7: attorney 14 eagle 24 20 credit insurance 45 33 loan 69 super
    Step 8: attorney 14 eagle 24 insurance 20 credit 45 33 loan 69 super
    Step 9: attorney 14 eagle 24 insurance 44 20 credit 33 loan 69 super
    Step 10: attorney 14 eagle 24 insurance 44 21 credit 33 loan 69 super
  2. How many steps are done to complete the arrangement?
    A) 9
    B) 12
    C) 10
    D) 11
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option C
  3. Which step number is following step?
    Step: attorney 14 eagle 24 20 credit insurance 45 33 loan 69 super
    A) 6
    B) 7
    C) 8
    D) 9
    E) 10
    View Answer
    Option B
  4. If in the Step 4, ‘14’ interchanges its position with ‘super’ and ’eagle’ also interchanges its position with ‘45’, then how many elements are there in between ‘eagle’ and ‘45’?
    A) 5
    B) 4
    C) 6
    D) 3
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option C
    Step 4 becomes:
    Step 4: attorney super 45 20 credit insurance 32 25 loan eagle 69 14
  5. Which word/number is in between the words ‘eagle’ and ‘insurance’ in step 10?
    A) 25
    B) 69
    C) 21
    D) 24
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option D

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: 76 16 built cars 23 cave sign 59 popular 68
Step 1: built 16 cars 23 cave sign 59 popular 68 76
Step 2: built cars 16 23 cave sign 59 popular 68 76
Step 3: built cars cave 16 23 sign popular 59 68 76
Step 4: built cars cave popular 16 sign 23 59 68 76
Step 5: built cars cave popular sign 16 23 59 68 76
Step 6: built 16 cars cave popular 23 59 68 sign 76
Step 7: built 16 cars 23 cave 59 popular 68 sign 76
This is the final arrangement and step 7 is the last step for this input.

Input: table roof 63 chair 59 23 floor 46 currency 88

  1. Which step number would be the following output?
    “chair currency floor roof table 23 46 59 63 88”
    A) Step 3
    B) Step 4
    C) Step 5
    D) Step 6
    E) There is no such step
    View Answer
    Option B

    Observe the last step, the words are in ascending order account to their last letter.
    Numbers are in ascending order.
    Input: table roof 63 chair 59 23 floor 46 currency 88
    Step 1: chair table roof 63 59 23 floor 46 currency 88
    Step 2: chair currency table roof 59 23 floor 46 63 88
    Step 3: chair currency floor table roof 23 46 59 63 88
    Step 4: chair currency floor roof table 23 46 59 63 88
    Step 5: chair 23 currency floor roof 46 59 63 table 88
    Step 6: chair 23 currency 46 floor 59 roof 63 table 88
  2. If ‘chair’ is related to ‘roof’ in step 4 and ‘table’ is related to ‘23’ in step 2, then in step 5 ‘floor’ is related to?
    A) table
    B) 46
    C) 23
    D) 59
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option D
  3. In step 4, which number/word is 3rd to right of 7th from right end?
    A) popular
    B) cave
    C) 59
    D) built
    E) 23
    View Answer
    Option E
  4. Which elements come exactly between ‘23’ and ‘46’ in Step 6 of the given input?
    A) 88
    B) table
    C) currency
    D) floor
    E) 59
    View Answer
    Option C
  5. Which of the following combinations represents the first and last elements of the step 3?
    A) chair, 88
    B) chair, 63
    C) table, 88
    D) chair, floor
    E) None of the Above
    View Answer
    Option A

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