Reasoning: Machine Input-Output Set 6

Input Output Questions Reasoning
Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: black 23 44 flour 67 self licker 72 child 55
Step 1: selfish black 23 44 flour 67 licker child 55 74
Step 2: selfish blackish 23 44 flour licker child 55 74 65
Step 3: selfish blackish lickerish 23 44 flour child 74 65 53
Step 4: selfish blackish lickerish childish 23 flour 74 65 53 46
Step 5: selfish blackish lickerish childish flourish 74 65 53 46 21
This is the final arrangement and step 5 is the last step for this input.

Input: mod soft 15 thin 78 34 new 28 59 quirk

  1. How many elements are between ‘modish’ and ’28’ in step 3?
    A) None
    B) One
    C) Two
    D) Three
    E) More than three
    View Answer
    Option D

    For words arrangement:
    In each step ‘ish’ is added at last
    In given arrangement words start with are b, c, f, l, s – in alphabetical order
    in 1st step last word taken, then first, then second last, then second. …
    For numbers arrangement:
    Numbers are taken in descending order in each step. In even numbers, 2 is added. In odd words 2 is subtracted. Input: mod soft 15 thin 78 34 quirk 28 59 new
    Step 1: thinish mod soft 15 34 quirk 28 59 new 80
    Step 2: thinish modish soft 15 34 quirk 28 new 80 57
    Step 3: thinish modish softish 15 quirk 28 new 80 57 36
    Step 4: thinish modish softish newish 15 quirk 80 57 36 30
    Step 5: thinish modish softish newish quirkish 80 57 36 30 13
  2. Which element is third to right of sixth element from the right end in step 4?
    A) 57
    B) 15
    C) 36
    D) new
    E) quirish
    View Answer
    Option A

  3. What is the different in numbers which is fifth from right end in step 3 and which is fourth from left end in step 1?
    A) 13
    B) 14
    C) 12
    D) 15
    E) 16
    View Answer
    Option A

    28 – 15 = 13
  4. If in the Step 5, ‘modish’ interchanges its position with ‘80’ and ’newish’ also interchanges its position with ‘30’, then how many elements are there in between ‘80’ and ‘quirkish’?
    A) 5
    B) 4
    C) 2
    D) 3
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option C

    Step 5 becomes:
    Step 5: thinish 80 softish 30 quirkish modish 57 36 newish 13
  5. Which of the following pair represents the first and last element in step 4?
    A) softish, 13
    B) thinish, 30
    C) 80, 26
    D) thinish, 28
    E) None of these
    View Answer
    Option B

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: garland 10 behest deprive 18 22 savage 42 56 retake
Step 1: best garland 10 deprive 18 22 savage 42 56 retake
Step 2: best garland 10 deprive 18 22 savage 42 retake 28
Step 3: best drive garland 10 18 22 savage 42 retake 28
Step 4: best drive garland 10 18 22 savage retake 21 28
Step 5: best drive gland 10 18 22 savage retake 21 28
Step 6: best drive gland 10 18 savage retake 11 21 28
Step 7: best drive gland rake 10 18 savage 11 21 28
Step 8: best drive gland rake 10 savage 09 11 21 28
Step 9: best drive gland rake sage 10 09 11 21 28
Step 10: best drive gland rake sage 05 09 11 21 28
This is the final arrangement and step 10 is the last step for this input.

Input: 60 resound betake 16 avoid 32 24 repaid 48 strew

  1. Which word/number is third to left of fifth element from right end in step 6?
    A) repaid
    B) 24
    C) raid
    D) bake
    E) strew
    View Answer
    Option C
    For words:
    Next step word becomes by deleting second and third letter like behest to best, garland to gland etc.
    For number:
    In each step the number which is taken at last is divided by 2. Input: 60 resound betake 16 avoid 32 24 repaid 48 strew
    Step 1: aid 60 resound betake 16 32 24 repaid 48 strew
    Step 2: aid resound betake 16 32 24 repaid 48 strew 30
    Step 3: aid bake resound 16 32 24 repaid 48 strew 30
    Step 4: aid bake resound 16 32 24 repaid strew 24 30
    Step 5: aid bake raid resound 16 32 24 strew 24 30
    Step 6: aid bake raid resound 16 24 strew 16 24 30
    Step 7: aid bake raid round 16 24 strew 16 24 30
    Step 8: aid bake raid round 16 strew 12 16 24 30
    Step 9: aid bake raid round sew 16 12 16 24 30
    Step 10: aid bake raid round sew 08 12 16 24 30
  2. If ‘bake’ is related to ‘16’ in step 8 and ‘resound’ is related to ‘24’ in step 5, then in step 3 ‘16’ is related to?
    A) aid
    B) 24
    C) 48
    D) strew
    E) repaid
    View Answer
    Option E

  3. Which numbers/words are between ‘round’ and ‘12’ in step 9?
    A) sew
    B) 32
    C) 16
    D) 16 and 24
    E) sew and 16
    View Answer
    Option E

  4. What is the total of the numbers which are fifth from left end and second to right of fifth from right end in step 7?
    A) 40
    B) 48
    C) 32
    D) 56
    E) 34
    View Answer
    Option C

    16 + 16 = 32
    5th from left end = 16 (aid bake raid round 16)
    second to right of 5th from right end = 16 (24 strew 16 24 30 )
  5. Which step number is the following step?
    Step: aid bake resound 16 32 24 repaid strew 24 30
    A) 6
    B) 5
    C) 3
    D) 4
    E) There is no such step
    View Answer
    Option D

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